Reference article: R. Tonini, M.D. Baroni, E. Masala, M. Micheletti, A. Ferroni, M. Mazzanti, Calcium protects differentiating neuroblastoma cells during 50 Hz electromagnetic radiation, Biophys. J. 81 (2001) 2580-2589.
The experimental chamber was encircled with the coils. For control experiments the current flowing in the coil was zeroed by switching off the waves generator. During the entire exposure, the cells were observed on the inverted microscope.
Reference articles: 1) K.C. Garg Gupta, R. Bahl, P. Barthia, Microstrip Lines and Slotlines, 2nd ed. Artech House, Boston and London, 1996. 2) M. Liberti, F. Apollonio, A. Paffi, M. Pellegrino, G. D'Inzeo, A coplanar waveguide system for cell exposure during electrophysiological recordings, IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Symposium, Fort Worth, 2004.
The exposure system based on coplanar waveguide consisting of an open propagating structure with a dielectric substrate on which three metallic strips are deposited. A glass was chosen as a dielectric substrate to replace the microscope head stage.
The direction of E-field was almost parallel to the Petri dish surface and perpendicular to the glass surface.
Haghani M et al.
Maternal mobile phone exposure adversely affects the electrophysiological properties of Purkinje neurons in rat offspring
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Exposure to Extremely Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields Modulates Na(+) Currents in Rat Cerebellar Granule Cells through Increase of AA/PGE(2) and EP Receptor-Mediated cAMP/PKA Pathway