Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular telephone on the oxidant and antioxidant levels in rabbits med./bio.

Published in: Cell Biochem Funct 2002; 20 (4): 279-283

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To investigate the influence of electromagnetic irradiation of a GSM mobile telephone (900 MHz) on oxidant and antioxidant levels in the serum and the brains of rabbits.

Background/further details

16 male adult rabbits were utilized.



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 900 MHz
Modulation type: pulsed
Exposure duration: repeated daily exposure, 30 min/day for 7 days

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 900 MHz
Exposure duration repeated daily exposure, 30 min/day for 7 days
Modulation type pulsed
Additional info


Exposure setup
Exposure source
Setup The mobile phones were positioned in close contact with the rabbits.
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Additional info The mobile phones were either turned to the speech position (established contact) or they were in standby position.
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
power 2 W peak value - - -
power density 0.02 mW/cm² mean - - -

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Investigated organ system:
Time of investigation:
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

The exposure to electromagnetic field had no significant effect on the antioxidant enzyme level in the brains of rabbits.
However, the serum superoxide dismutase activity increased, and the serum nitric oxide levels decreased in electromagnetic field exposed animals compared to the sham exposure group.

Study character:

Study funded by

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