Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

Effects of mobile phone radiofrequency on the structure and function of the normal human hemoglobin med./bio.

Published in: Int J Biol Macromol 2009; 44 (3): 278-285

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To study the effect of mobile phone radiofrequency (910 MHz and 940 MHz) on the structure and function of hemoglobin, because of the importance of hemoglobin as a sole oxygen transporter in blood.



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 910–940 MHz
Exposure duration: continuous for 1 h or 2 h

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 910–940 MHz
Exposure duration continuous for 1 h or 2 h
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Setup antenna inside a temperature controlled incubator
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
electric field strength 77 V/m - calculated - -
power density 15.7 W/m² - calculated - -

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Time of investigation:
  • during exposure
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

The data indicated that mobile phone electromagnetic fields (both frequencies) altered oxygen affinity and tertiary structure of hemoglobin. Furthermore, the decrease of oxygen affinity of hemoglobin corresponded to the electromagnetic field intensity and time of exposure.

Study character:

Study funded by

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