Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1353 studies in total
  1. 543 studies
  2. 423 studies
  3. 418 studies
  4. 180 studies
  5. 153 studies
  6. 87 studies

DNA

423 studies in total
  1. 216 studies
  2. 160 studies
  3. 84 studies
  4. 37 studies

Gene/protein expression (in general) 84 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Chen C et al. 2021 intact cell/cell culture, mouse embryonic stem cells, Neuro-2a (mouse neuroblastoma) cells - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM, RF field
Tohidi FZ et al. 2021 animal, mouse/BALB/c - 900–1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM, CDMA, mobile phone
Kumar R et al. 2021 - - 900–2,450 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, 2.45 GHz, RF field
Lameth J et al. 2020 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM
Seymen CM et al. 2019 - - 2,100 Hz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM
Qin F et al. 2019 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, co-exposure, also other exposures without EMF
Stefi AL et al. 2019 - - - - - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Fragopoulou AF et al. 2018 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, RF field
Kim JH et al. 2018 - - 835 MHz - - mobile communications, RF field
Lamkowski A et al. 2018 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, CW continuous wave
Park J et al. 2018 - - 837–1,950 MHz - - mobile phone, CDMA, W-CDMA, mobile communications, RF field
Gökçek-Saraç Ç et al. 2017 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications
Ghatei N et al. 2017 - - 900–1,800 MHz - - mobile communications
Bodera P et al. 2017 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, RF field, co-exposure
Gökçek-Saraç Ç et al. 2017 - - 900–2,100 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM, mobile phone, RF field
Sepehrimanesh M et al. 2017 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, RF field
Kim JH et al. 2017 - - 835 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Kuzniar A et al. 2017 - - 50 Hz–5.8 GHz - - UMTS, mobile communications, W-LAN/WiFi, RF field, 50/60 Hz, low frequency, magnetic field
Kim JH et al. 2017 - - 835 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Woelders H et al. 2017 animal, chicken/Leghorn (eggs), whole body embryonic development 1.8 GHz 0.38–0.45 mW/kg 22 days mobile communications, GSM, UMTS, TDMA, FDMA, RF field, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi
Manta AK et al. 2017 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, GSM
Kim JH et al. 2016 - - 835 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications
Siqueira EC et al. 2016 human cytokine expression in parotid gland saliva - - up to 200 minutes per month for up to 10 years mobile phone, mobile communications
de Pomerai DI et al. 2016 - - 1–1.8 GHz - - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Valbonesi P et al. 2016 intact cell/cell culture, PC-12 cells/rat - 1.8 GHz 2 W/kg - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Shivashankara AR et al. 2015 human - - - - mobile phone, mobile communications
Dasdag S et al. 2015 animal, rat/ Wistar albino, partial body: head microRNA expression in the brain 900 MHz 0.0369–2.023 W/kg continuous for 3 h/day on 7 days/week for 12 months GSM, mobile communications
Akhavan-Sigari R et al. 2014 human, partial body: head relationship between <i>p53</i> expression, <i>p53</i> mutations, survival time and cell phone usage 800–1,900 MHz 0.66–1.53 W/kg repeated daily exposure of less than 3 hours mobile phone, mobile communications
Lu Y et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, N9 cells (mouse microglial cells) and C8-D1A cells (mouse astrocyte type I cells) proinflammatory protein expression and gene expression; nitric oxide release; STAT3 activation, activation of microglia and astrocytes 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent for 1, 3, 6, 12, or 24 hours (5 min on and 10 min off) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave
Sepehrimanesh M et al. 2014 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body protein expression in testes 900 MHz 0.19–1.22 W/g repeated daily exposure for 1 h on 30 consecutive days mobile phone, mobile communications
Valbonesi P et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, PC-12 cells (pheochromocytoma cell line from rat adrenal gland) gene expression and protein expression of Hsp70 and mitogen-activated protein kinase 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 4, 16, and 24 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Kesari KK et al. 2014 animal, rat/ Wistar, whole body DNA damage, protein expression, apoptosis and oxidative stress in brain 2,115 MHz 0.26–0.9 W/kg continuous for 2 hours/day for 60 days mobile phone, mobile communications
Ni S et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, human eye lens epithelial cells (HLE B3) cell viability, oxidative stress 1,800 MHz 2–4 W/kg intermittent (5 minutes field "on"/10 minutes field "off") for up to 24 hours GSM, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Cervellati F et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, HTR-8/SVneo (human trophoblast cell line) connexin, integrin and estrogen receptor expression, cell ultrastructure, localization of estrogen receptor 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, co-exposure
Zhijian C et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, HMy2.CIR (human B-cell lymphoblastoid cells) protein expression 1.8 GHz 2 W/kg intermittent (5 min fields on/10 min fields off) for 24 hours mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Luo Q et al. 2013 human protein expression in chorionic villous tissue 900 MHz 1.46–8.8 W/kg continuous for 20 min. (according to "materials and methods" section) or 1 h (according to abstract)? mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Zhang Y et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, human lens epithelial cells (HLEC) - 1.8 GHz 2–4 W/kg - GSM, mobile communications, RF field
Liu Y et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, Raji cells (human Burkitt lymphoma cells) gene expression of EBV-EA (early antigen) 900 MHz 0.02 mW/g continuous for 4 h every day up to 4 weeks mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Bourthoumieu S et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture expression and activating of p53 protein 900 MHz 4–32 W/kg continuous for 24 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave
Kim HN et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture, MCF10 A cells (human breast epithelial cells) Expression of the proteins Hsp27 and ERK1/2 and analysis of its phosphorylated forms 837 MHz 2–4 W/kg continuous for 4 h once or 2 h/day on 3 days mobile phone, CDMA, W-CDMA, mobile communications
Chen G et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture, yeast (<i>Saccharomyces cerevisiae</i>)/S288C gene expression in yeast 50 Hz 4.7 W/kg continuous for 6 h GSM, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave, magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz
Fragopoulou AF et al. 2012 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body protein expression in the mouse brain 900 MHz 0.012–0.37 W/kg continuous for 3 h/day for 8 months mobile phone, digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave, DECT, wireless transmitter
Karaca E et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture DNA damage (micronucleus assay), gene expression of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic genes 10.715 GHz 0.725 W/kg continuous for 6 h per day for 3 days mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Dogan M et al. 2012 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body brain metabolism, oxidative stress, histopathology and apoptosis in the brain 1.9 Hz–2.2 GHz - every day two times 20 min (1x talking, 1x listening mode) from day 2 to day 21 digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Sakurai T et al. 2011 intact cell/cell culture, human astroglial cells SVGp12 gene expression 2.45 GHz 1–10 W/kg continuous for 1, 4 or 24 h mobile phone, mobile communications, microwaves, CW continuous wave, 2.45 GHz
Roux D et al. 2011 intact cell/cell culture, normal human epidermal keratinocytes gene expression 900 MHz 2.6–73 mW/kg continuous for 10 min mobile phone, mobile communications, CW continuous wave
Nylund R et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture protein expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Kim KB et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell line) protein expression 849 MHz 2–10 W/kg continuous for 1 h/day on 3 consecutive days mobile phone, CDMA, mobile communications
Sekijima M et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, A172 (human glioblastoma cells), H4 (neuroglioma cells) and IMR90 fibroblasts (from fetal lungs) gene expression, cell proliferation 2.1425 GHz 80–800 mW/kg continuous for 24 hr to 96 hr mobile phone base station, W-CDMA, mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Gerner C et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, Jurkat cells (human lymphoblastoid T cells), cultured fibroblasts, quiescent and inflammatory stimulated (by PHA and LPS) primary human white blood cells protein expression (effects on proteome) 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg 5 min on - 10 min off for 8 hr mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM, PW pulsed wave