Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1464 studies in total
  1. 607 studies
  2. 466 studies
  3. 448 studies
  4. 192 studies
  5. 166 studies
  6. 96 studies

DNA

466 studies in total
  1. 246 studies
  2. 170 studies
  3. 94 studies
  4. 39 studies

Gene/protein expression (in general) 94 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Akhavan-Sigari R et al. 2014 human, partial body: head relationship between <i>p53</i> expression, <i>p53</i> mutations, survival time and cell phone usage 800–1,900 MHz 0.66–1.53 W/kg repeated daily exposure of less than 3 hours mobile phone, mobile communications
Belyaev IY et al. 2006 animal, rat/Fischer 344, whole body DNA strand breaks, changes in chromatin conformation, gene expression 915 MHz 0.4 mW/g continuous for 2 h GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Bodera P et al. 2017 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, RF field, co-exposure
Bourthoumieu S et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture expression and activating of p53 protein 900 MHz 4–32 W/kg continuous for 24 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave
Cervellati F et al. 2009 intact cell/cell culture, HTR-8/SVneo (human trophoblast cell line) connexin gene expression and protein expression, protein localization and cell ultrastructure 1,817 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM, PW pulsed wave
Cervellati F et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, HTR-8/SVneo (human trophoblast cell line) connexin, integrin and estrogen receptor expression, cell ultrastructure, localization of estrogen receptor 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, co-exposure
Chauhan V et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, HL-60 (human acute myeloid leukaemia cells) and Mono Mac 6 cells (human monocytes) gene expression 1.9 GHz 1–10 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 6 h digital mobile phone, mobile communications
Chauhan V et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture, U87MG (human glioblastoma cells); Mono Mac 6 cells (human monocytes) gene expression 1.9 GHz 0.1–10 W/kg continuous for 24 h digital mobile phone, mobile communications
Chen C et al. 2021 intact cell/cell culture, mouse embryonic stem cells, Neuro-2a (mouse neuroblastoma) cells - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM, RF field
Chen G et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture, yeast (<i>Saccharomyces cerevisiae</i>)/S288C gene expression in yeast 50 Hz 4.7 W/kg continuous for 6 h GSM, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave, magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz
Czyz J et al. 2004 intact cell/cell culture, pluripotent R1 embryonic stem cells, wild-type D3 and p53-deficient; embryonic carcinoma cells of line P19 gene expression, cell differentiation, cell cycle phase, and proliferation 1.71 GHz 0.4–16 W/kg intermittent, 5/30 min On/Off cycles for 6 or 48 hours GSM, mobile communications
Dasdag S et al. 2015 animal, rat/ Wistar albino, partial body: head microRNA expression in the brain 900 MHz 0.0369–2.023 W/kg continuous for 3 h/day on 7 days/week for 12 months GSM, mobile communications
Del Re B et al. 2019 intact cell/cell culture - 900 MHz - - GSM, mobile phone, mobile communications
Dogan M et al. 2012 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body brain metabolism, oxidative stress, histopathology and apoptosis in the brain 1.9 Hz–2.2 GHz - every day two times 20 min (1x talking, 1x listening mode) from day 2 to day 21 digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Duranti G et al. 2005 intact cell/cell culture, HaCaT cells (human keratinocytes cell line) cell proliferation, cytotoxicity 900 MHz 0.04–0.08 W/kg continuous for 18 h GSM, mobile communications
Eker ED et al. 2018 animal, rat/Wistar albino - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM
Engelmann JC et al. 2008 plant, plant cell suspension cultures of <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i> gene expression 1.9 GHz 0.75–2 W/g continuous for 24 h UMTS, CDMA, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Finnie JW 2005 animal, mouse/C57BL/6NTac, whole body <i>c-fos</i> expression in the brain (to assess neural injury) 900 MHz 4 W/kg continuous for 60 min GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Fragopoulou AF et al. 2012 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body protein expression in the mouse brain 900 MHz 0.012–0.37 W/kg continuous for 3 h/day for 8 months mobile phone, digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave, DECT, wireless transmitter
Fragopoulou AF et al. 2018 animal, mouse/C57BL/6, whole body - 1,800 MHz - - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, RF field
Gerner C et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, Jurkat cells (human lymphoblastoid T cells), cultured fibroblasts, quiescent and inflammatory stimulated (by PHA and LPS) primary human white blood cells protein expression (effects on proteome) 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg 5 min on - 10 min off for 8 hr mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM, PW pulsed wave
Ghatei N et al. 2017 animal, mouse/BALB/c (pregnant females and young animal) - 900–1,800 MHz - - mobile communications
Goswami PC et al. 1999 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) stress response (proto-oncogene expression and DNA-binding activity of transcription factors) 835.62 MHz 0.6 W/kg continuous for 24 h or 4 days mobile communications, CDMA
Gurisik E et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, human neuroblastoma cell line (SK-N-SH) and monocytes cell line (U937) gene expression, cell viability 900 MHz 0.2 W/kg continuous for 1 or 2 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Gökçek-Saraç Ç et al. 2017 animal, rat/Wistar (adults and pubs), partial body - 900–2,100 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM, mobile phone, RF field
Gökçek-Saraç Ç et al. 2017 animal, rat/Wistar albino - 900 MHz - - mobile communications
Huang TQ et al. 2008 intact cell/cell culture, Jurkat cells (human lymphoblastoid T cells) cellular and molecular changes (e.g. DNA damage, gene expression, cell proliferation, cell cycle progression) 1,762.5 MHz 2–10 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 1 h/day, for 1, 2, or 3 days digital mobile phone, CDMA, mobile communications
Huang TQ et al. 2008 intact cell/cell culture, HEI-OC1 cells (immortalized mouse auditory hair cells) cell cycle, DNA damage, stress response, and gene expression 1,763 MHz 20 W/kg continuous for 24 h and 48 h mobile communications, mobile phone, CDMA
Ivaschuk OI et al. 1997 intact cell/cell culture, P12 (rat pheochromocytoma cells) expression of the immediate early genes encoding c-<i>jun</i> and c-<i>fos</i> 836.55 MHz 2.6 µW/g intermittent, 20 min on/off, for 20, 60 and 100 min NADC, TDMA, mobile communications
Karaca E et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture DNA damage (micronucleus assay), gene expression of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic genes 10.715 GHz 0.725 W/kg continuous for 6 h per day for 3 days mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Karinen A et al. 2008 human, partial body: small area of forearm's skin protein expression 900 MHz 1.3 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Kesari KK et al. 2014 animal, rat/ Wistar, whole body DNA damage, protein expression, apoptosis and oxidative stress in brain 2,115 MHz 0.26–0.9 W/kg continuous for 2 hours/day for 60 days mobile phone, mobile communications
Kim HN et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture, MCF10 A cells (human breast epithelial cells) Expression of the proteins Hsp27 and ERK1/2 and analysis of its phosphorylated forms 837 MHz 2–4 W/kg continuous for 4 h once or 2 h/day on 3 days mobile phone, CDMA, W-CDMA, mobile communications
Kim JH et al. 2016 - - 835 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications
Kim JH et al. 2017 animal, mouse/C57BL/6 - 835 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Kim JH et al. 2017 animal, mouse/C57BL/6, whole body - 835 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Kim JH et al. 2018 animal, mouse/C57BL/6 - 835 MHz - - mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Kim JH et al. 2018 animal, mouse/C57BL/6 - 835 MHz - - mobile communications, RF field
Kim JH et al. 2021 intact cell/cell culture, SH-SY5Y (human neuroblastoma cell line) - 1,760 MHz - - LTE, mobile communications
Kim KB et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell line) protein expression 849 MHz 2–10 W/kg continuous for 1 h/day on 3 consecutive days mobile phone, CDMA, mobile communications
Kumar R et al. 2019 animal, rat/Wistar - 900–2,450 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, low level microwaves, 2.45 GHz
Kumar R et al. 2021 - - 900–2,450 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, 2.45 GHz, RF field
Kuzniar A et al. 2017 - - 50 Hz–5.8 GHz - - UMTS, mobile communications, W-LAN/WiFi, RF field, 50/60 Hz, low frequency, magnetic field
Lameth J et al. 2020 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM
Lamkowski A et al. 2018 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, CW continuous wave
Li HW et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture, human lens epithelial cells (HLEC) proteome changes: protein expression 1,800 MHz 1–3.5 W/kg continuous for 2 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Liu Y et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, Raji cells (human Burkitt lymphoma cells) gene expression of EBV-EA (early antigen) 900 MHz 0.02 mW/g continuous for 4 h every day up to 4 weeks mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Lu Y et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, N9 cells (mouse microglial cells) and C8-D1A cells (mouse astrocyte type I cells) proinflammatory protein expression and gene expression; nitric oxide release; STAT3 activation, activation of microglia and astrocytes 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent for 1, 3, 6, 12, or 24 hours (5 min on and 10 min off) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave
Luo Q et al. 2013 human protein expression in chorionic villous tissue 900 MHz 1.46–8.8 W/kg continuous for 20 min. (according to "materials and methods" section) or 1 h (according to abstract)? mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Manta AK et al. 2017 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R (wildtype) - 1,800 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, GSM