Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1360 studies in total
  1. 548 studies
  2. 426 studies
  3. 419 studies
  4. 182 studies
  5. 153 studies
  6. 88 studies

DNA

426 studies in total
  1. 219 studies
  2. 160 studies
  3. 85 studies
  4. 37 studies

Gene/protein expression (in general) 85 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
McNamee JP et al. 2021 intact cell/cell culture, A172 (human glioblastoma cells) - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM, RF field, CW continuous wave
Whitehead TD et al. 2005 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) <i>c-Fos</i> mRNA expression 835.62 MHz 5.2–10 W/kg continuous for 4 days CDMA, FDMA, TDMA, mobile communications
Finnie JW 2005 animal, mouse/C57BL/6NTac, whole body <i>c-fos</i> expression in the brain (to assess neural injury) 900 MHz 4 W/kg continuous for 60 min GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Karaca E et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture DNA damage (micronucleus assay), gene expression of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic genes 10.715 GHz 0.725 W/kg continuous for 6 h per day for 3 days mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Kesari KK et al. 2014 animal, rat/ Wistar, whole body DNA damage, protein expression, apoptosis and oxidative stress in brain 2,115 MHz 0.26–0.9 W/kg continuous for 2 hours/day for 60 days mobile phone, mobile communications
Belyaev IY et al. 2006 animal, rat/Fischer 344, whole body DNA strand breaks, changes in chromatin conformation, gene expression 915 MHz 0.4 mW/g continuous for 2 h GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Kim HN et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture, MCF10 A cells (human breast epithelial cells) Expression of the proteins Hsp27 and ERK1/2 and analysis of its phosphorylated forms 837 MHz 2–4 W/kg continuous for 4 h once or 2 h/day on 3 days mobile phone, CDMA, W-CDMA, mobile communications
Dogan M et al. 2012 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body brain metabolism, oxidative stress, histopathology and apoptosis in the brain 1.9 Hz–2.2 GHz - every day two times 20 min (1x talking, 1x listening mode) from day 2 to day 21 digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Huang TQ et al. 2008 intact cell/cell culture, HEI-OC1 cells (immortalized mouse auditory hair cells) cell cycle, DNA damage, stress response, and gene expression 1,763 MHz 20 W/kg continuous for 24 h and 48 h mobile communications, mobile phone, CDMA
Duranti G et al. 2005 intact cell/cell culture, HaCaT cells (human keratinocytes cell line) cell proliferation, cytotoxicity 900 MHz 0.04–0.08 W/kg continuous for 18 h GSM, mobile communications
Ni S et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, human eye lens epithelial cells (HLE B3) cell viability, oxidative stress 1,800 MHz 2–4 W/kg intermittent (5 minutes field "on"/10 minutes field "off") for up to 24 hours GSM, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Huang TQ et al. 2008 intact cell/cell culture, Jurkat cells (human lymphoblastoid T cells) cellular and molecular changes (e.g. DNA damage, gene expression, cell proliferation, cell cycle progression) 1,762.5 MHz 2–10 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 1 h/day, for 1, 2, or 3 days digital mobile phone, CDMA, mobile communications
Cervellati F et al. 2009 intact cell/cell culture, HTR-8/SVneo (human trophoblast cell line) connexin gene expression and protein expression, protein localization and cell ultrastructure 1,817 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM, PW pulsed wave
Cervellati F et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, HTR-8/SVneo (human trophoblast cell line) connexin, integrin and estrogen receptor expression, cell ultrastructure, localization of estrogen receptor 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, co-exposure
Siqueira EC et al. 2016 human cytokine expression in parotid gland saliva - - up to 200 minutes per month for up to 10 years mobile phone, mobile communications
Nikolova T et al. 2005 intact cell/cell culture, ES R1 cells (mouse embryonic stem cells) different effects (e.g. different transcript levels, genotoxicity, proliferation, apoptosis, cytotoxicity, mitochondrial function) 50 Hz–1.25 kHz 1.5 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/30 min off, for 6 h and 48 h GSM, mobile communications, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line
Woelders H et al. 2017 animal, chicken/Leghorn (eggs), whole body embryonic development 1.8 GHz 0.38–0.45 mW/kg 22 days mobile communications, GSM, UMTS, TDMA, FDMA, RF field, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi
Bourthoumieu S et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture expression and activating of p53 protein 900 MHz 4–32 W/kg continuous for 24 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave
Pyrpasopoulou A et al. 2004 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body expression and localization of bone morphogenetic proteins and their receptors 9.4 GHz 500 nW/g continuous during days 1-3 postcoitum GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Morrissey JJ et al. 1999 animal, mouse/BALB/c, partial body: head expression of c-<i>fos</i> (a proto-oncogene) 1.6 GHz 6.42–26.29 W/kg continuous for 1 h IRIDIUM, mobile communications
Ivaschuk OI et al. 1997 intact cell/cell culture, P12 (rat pheochromocytoma cells) expression of the immediate early genes encoding c-<i>jun</i> and c-<i>fos</i> 836.55 MHz 2.6 µW/g intermittent, 20 min on/off, for 20, 60 and 100 min NADC, TDMA, mobile communications
Nylund R et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, EA.hy926 cells and EA.hy926v1 cells gene and protein expression 900 MHz 2.8 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Whitehead TD et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) gene expression 835.62 MHz 5 W/kg continuous for 24 h CDMA, FDMA, mobile communications
Qutob SS et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, U87MG (human glioblastoma cells) gene expression 1.9 GHz 0.1–10 W/kg continuous for 4 h digital mobile phone, mobile communications
Chauhan V et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, HL-60 (human acute myeloid leukaemia cells) and Mono Mac 6 cells (human monocytes) gene expression 1.9 GHz 1–10 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 6 h digital mobile phone, mobile communications