Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1360 studies in total
  1. 548 studies
  2. 426 studies
  3. 419 studies
  4. 182 studies
  5. 153 studies
  6. 88 studies

DNA

426 studies in total
  1. 219 studies
  2. 160 studies
  3. 85 studies
  4. 37 studies

Gene/protein expression (in general) 85 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Remondini D et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, HL-60 (human acute myeloid leukaemia cells), EA.hy926 cells (human endothelial cells), NB69 cells (human neuroblastoma cells), CHME5 cells (human microglial cells), U937 cells (monocytic lymphoblastoma cells), and T lymphocytes gene expression 900 MHz 1–2.5 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 24 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Whitehead TD et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) gene expression 835.62 MHz 5 W/kg continuous for 24 h digital mobile phone, CDMA, FDMA, mobile communications
Zhao R et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture gene expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 24 h GSM, mobile communications
Chauhan V et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture, U87MG (human glioblastoma cells); Mono Mac 6 cells (human monocytes) gene expression 1.9 GHz 0.1–10 W/kg continuous for 24 h digital mobile phone, mobile communications
Paparini A et al. 2008 animal, mouse/BALB/c/J, whole body gene expression 1,805.2 MHz 0.2–6.05 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Engelmann JC et al. 2008 plant, plant cell suspension cultures of <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i> gene expression 1.9 GHz 0.75–2 W/g continuous for 24 h UMTS, CDMA, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Roux D et al. 2011 intact cell/cell culture, normal human epidermal keratinocytes gene expression 900 MHz 2.6–73 mW/kg continuous for 10 min mobile phone, mobile communications, CW continuous wave
Sakurai T et al. 2011 intact cell/cell culture, human astroglial cells SVGp12 gene expression 2.45 GHz 1–10 W/kg continuous for 1, 4 or 24 h mobile phone, mobile communications, microwaves, CW continuous wave, 2.45 GHz
Nittby H et al. 2008 animal, rat/Fischer 344, whole body gene expression and gene ontology analysis for cortex and hippocampus 1,800 MHz 13–30 mW/kg continuous for 6 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM
Valbonesi P et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, PC-12 cells (pheochromocytoma cell line from rat adrenal gland) gene expression and protein expression of Hsp70 and mitogen-activated protein kinase 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 4, 16, and 24 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Chen G et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture, yeast (<i>Saccharomyces cerevisiae</i>)/S288C gene expression in yeast 50 Hz 4.7 W/kg continuous for 6 h GSM, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave, magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz
Liu Y et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, Raji cells (human Burkitt lymphoma cells) gene expression of EBV-EA (early antigen) 900 MHz 0.02 mW/g continuous for 4 h every day up to 4 weeks mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Zhao TY et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture, murine primary neurons and astrocytes cultures gene expression of apoptosis-associated genes 1,900 MHz - continuous for 2 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Czyz J et al. 2004 intact cell/cell culture, pluripotent R1 embryonic stem cells, wild-type D3 and p53-deficient; embryonic carcinoma cells of line P19 gene expression, cell differentiation, cell cycle phase, and proliferation 1.71 GHz 0.4–16 W/kg intermittent, 5/30 min On/Off cycles for 6 or 48 hours GSM, mobile communications
Pacini S et al. 2002 intact cell/cell culture, human skin fibroblasts gene expression, cell morphology 902.4 MHz 0.6 W/kg continuous for 1 h GSM, mobile communications
Sekijima M et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, A172 (human glioblastoma cells), H4 (neuroglioma cells) and IMR90 fibroblasts (from fetal lungs) gene expression, cell proliferation 2.1425 GHz 80–800 mW/kg continuous for 24 hr to 96 hr mobile phone base station, W-CDMA, mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Gurisik E et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, human neuroblastoma cell line (SK-N-SH) and monocytes cell line (U937) gene expression, cell viability 900 MHz 0.2 W/kg continuous for 1 or 2 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Yan JG et al. 2009 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body mRNA synthesis (gene expression) of several injury-associated proteins 800 MHz 0.9–1.8 W/kg 2 times 3 hr / day (with 30 min rest period between exposures), on 7 days/week for 18 weeks mobile communications, mobile phone, analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, CDMA
Yan JG et al. 2008 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body mRNA synthesis of several injury-associated proteins 1.9 GHz 0.9–1.8 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 2 x 3 h/day, for 18 weeks analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, PCS, CDMA, mobile communications, microwaves
Dasdag S et al. 2015 animal, rat/ Wistar albino, partial body: head microRNA expression in the brain 900 MHz 0.0369–2.023 W/kg continuous for 3 h/day on 7 days/week for 12 months GSM, mobile communications
Lu Y et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, N9 cells (mouse microglial cells) and C8-D1A cells (mouse astrocyte type I cells) proinflammatory protein expression and gene expression; nitric oxide release; STAT3 activation, activation of microglia and astrocytes 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent for 1, 3, 6, 12, or 24 hours (5 min on and 10 min off) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave
Zeng Q et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell line) protein and gene expression 1,800 MHz 2–3.5 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 24 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Nylund R et al. 2004 intact cell/cell culture, EA.hy926 cells protein expression 900 MHz 2.4 W/kg continuous for 1 h GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Karinen A et al. 2008 human, partial body: small area of forearm's skin protein expression 900 MHz 1.3 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Nylund R et al. 2009 intact cell/cell culture, EA.hy926 cells protein expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM
Kim KB et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell line) protein expression 849 MHz 2–10 W/kg continuous for 1 h/day on 3 consecutive days mobile phone, CDMA, mobile communications
Nylund R et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture protein expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Zhijian C et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, HMy2.CIR (human B-cell lymphoblastoid cells) protein expression 1.8 GHz 2 W/kg intermittent (5 min fields on/10 min fields off) for 24 hours mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Gerner C et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, Jurkat cells (human lymphoblastoid T cells), cultured fibroblasts, quiescent and inflammatory stimulated (by PHA and LPS) primary human white blood cells protein expression (effects on proteome) 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg 5 min on - 10 min off for 8 hr mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM, PW pulsed wave
Luo Q et al. 2013 human protein expression in chorionic villous tissue 900 MHz 1.46–8.8 W/kg continuous for 20 min. (according to "materials and methods" section) or 1 h (according to abstract)? mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Sepehrimanesh M et al. 2014 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body protein expression in testes 900 MHz 0.19–1.22 W/g repeated daily exposure for 1 h on 30 consecutive days mobile phone, mobile communications
Fragopoulou AF et al. 2012 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body protein expression in the mouse brain 900 MHz 0.012–0.37 W/kg continuous for 3 h/day for 8 months mobile phone, digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave, DECT, wireless transmitter
Li HW et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture, human lens epithelial cells (HLEC) proteome changes: protein expression 1,800 MHz 1–3.5 W/kg continuous for 2 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Akhavan-Sigari R et al. 2014 human, partial body: head relationship between <i>p53</i> expression, <i>p53</i> mutations, survival time and cell phone usage 800–1,900 MHz 0.66–1.53 W/kg repeated daily exposure of less than 3 hours mobile phone, mobile communications
Goswami PC et al. 1999 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) stress response (proto-oncogene expression and DNA-binding activity of transcription factors) 835.62 MHz 0.6 W/kg continuous for 24 h or 4 days mobile communications, CDMA