Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1360 studies in total
  1. 548 studies
  2. 426 studies
  3. 419 studies
  4. 182 studies
  5. 153 studies
  6. 88 studies

DNA

426 studies in total
  1. 219 studies
  2. 160 studies
  3. 85 studies
  4. 37 studies

Gene/protein expression (in general) 85 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Zeng Q et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell line) protein and gene expression 1,800 MHz 2–3.5 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 24 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Zhao R et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture gene expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 24 h GSM, mobile communications
Li HW et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture, human lens epithelial cells (HLEC) proteome changes: protein expression 1,800 MHz 1–3.5 W/kg continuous for 2 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Nittby H et al. 2008 animal, rat/Fischer 344, whole body gene expression and gene ontology analysis for cortex and hippocampus 1,800 MHz 13–30 mW/kg continuous for 6 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM
Nylund R et al. 2009 intact cell/cell culture, EA.hy926 cells protein expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM
Gerner C et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, Jurkat cells (human lymphoblastoid T cells), cultured fibroblasts, quiescent and inflammatory stimulated (by PHA and LPS) primary human white blood cells protein expression (effects on proteome) 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg 5 min on - 10 min off for 8 hr mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM, PW pulsed wave
Nylund R et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture protein expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Zhang Y et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, human lens epithelial cells (HLEC) - 1.8 GHz 2–4 W/kg - GSM, mobile communications, RF field
Zhijian C et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, HMy2.CIR (human B-cell lymphoblastoid cells) protein expression 1.8 GHz 2 W/kg intermittent (5 min fields on/10 min fields off) for 24 hours mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Cervellati F et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, HTR-8/SVneo (human trophoblast cell line) connexin, integrin and estrogen receptor expression, cell ultrastructure, localization of estrogen receptor 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, co-exposure
Ni S et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, human eye lens epithelial cells (HLE B3) cell viability, oxidative stress 1,800 MHz 2–4 W/kg intermittent (5 minutes field "on"/10 minutes field "off") for up to 24 hours GSM, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Valbonesi P et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, PC-12 cells (pheochromocytoma cell line from rat adrenal gland) gene expression and protein expression of Hsp70 and mitogen-activated protein kinase 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 4, 16, and 24 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Lu Y et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, N9 cells (mouse microglial cells) and C8-D1A cells (mouse astrocyte type I cells) proinflammatory protein expression and gene expression; nitric oxide release; STAT3 activation, activation of microglia and astrocytes 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent for 1, 3, 6, 12, or 24 hours (5 min on and 10 min off) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave
Valbonesi P et al. 2016 intact cell/cell culture, PC-12 cells/rat - 1.8 GHz 2 W/kg - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Manta AK et al. 2017 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, GSM
Woelders H et al. 2017 animal, chicken/Leghorn (eggs), whole body embryonic development 1.8 GHz 0.38–0.45 mW/kg 22 days mobile communications, GSM, UMTS, TDMA, FDMA, RF field, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi
Bodera P et al. 2017 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, RF field, co-exposure
Fragopoulou AF et al. 2018 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, RF field
Qin F et al. 2019 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, co-exposure, also other exposures without EMF
Lameth J et al. 2020 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM
Chen C et al. 2021 intact cell/cell culture, mouse embryonic stem cells, Neuro-2a (mouse neuroblastoma) cells - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM, RF field
McNamee JP et al. 2021 intact cell/cell culture, A172 (human glioblastoma cells) - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM, RF field, CW continuous wave
Paparini A et al. 2008 animal, mouse/BALB/c/J, whole body gene expression 1,805.2 MHz 0.2–6.05 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Cervellati F et al. 2009 intact cell/cell culture, HTR-8/SVneo (human trophoblast cell line) connexin gene expression and protein expression, protein localization and cell ultrastructure 1,817 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM, PW pulsed wave
Qutob SS et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, U87MG (human glioblastoma cells) gene expression 1.9 GHz 0.1–10 W/kg continuous for 4 h digital mobile phone, mobile communications
Chauhan V et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, HL-60 (human acute myeloid leukaemia cells) and Mono Mac 6 cells (human monocytes) gene expression 1.9 GHz 1–10 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 6 h digital mobile phone, mobile communications
Zhao TY et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture, murine primary neurons and astrocytes cultures gene expression of apoptosis-associated genes 1,900 MHz - continuous for 2 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Chauhan V et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture, U87MG (human glioblastoma cells); Mono Mac 6 cells (human monocytes) gene expression 1.9 GHz 0.1–10 W/kg continuous for 24 h digital mobile phone, mobile communications
Yan JG et al. 2008 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body mRNA synthesis of several injury-associated proteins 1.9 GHz 0.9–1.8 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 2 x 3 h/day, for 18 weeks analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, PCS, CDMA, mobile communications, microwaves
Engelmann JC et al. 2008 plant, plant cell suspension cultures of <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i> gene expression 1.9 GHz 0.75–2 W/g continuous for 24 h UMTS, CDMA, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Kesari KK et al. 2014 animal, rat/ Wistar, whole body DNA damage, protein expression, apoptosis and oxidative stress in brain 2,115 MHz 0.26–0.9 W/kg continuous for 2 hours/day for 60 days mobile phone, mobile communications
Sekijima M et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, A172 (human glioblastoma cells), H4 (neuroglioma cells) and IMR90 fibroblasts (from fetal lungs) gene expression, cell proliferation 2.1425 GHz 80–800 mW/kg continuous for 24 hr to 96 hr mobile phone base station, W-CDMA, mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Sakurai T et al. 2011 intact cell/cell culture, human astroglial cells SVGp12 gene expression 2.45 GHz 1–10 W/kg continuous for 1, 4 or 24 h mobile phone, mobile communications, microwaves, CW continuous wave, 2.45 GHz
Pyrpasopoulou A et al. 2004 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body expression and localization of bone morphogenetic proteins and their receptors 9.4 GHz 500 nW/g continuous during days 1-3 postcoitum GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Karaca E et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture DNA damage (micronucleus assay), gene expression of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic genes 10.715 GHz 0.725 W/kg continuous for 6 h per day for 3 days mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves