Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1360 studies in total
  1. 548 studies
  2. 426 studies
  3. 419 studies
  4. 182 studies
  5. 153 studies
  6. 88 studies

DNA

426 studies in total
  1. 219 studies
  2. 160 studies
  3. 85 studies
  4. 37 studies

Gene/protein expression (in general) 85 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Remondini D et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, HL-60 (human acute myeloid leukaemia cells), EA.hy926 cells (human endothelial cells), NB69 cells (human neuroblastoma cells), CHME5 cells (human microglial cells), U937 cells (monocytic lymphoblastoma cells), and T lymphocytes gene expression 900 MHz 1–2.5 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 24 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Li HW et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture, human lens epithelial cells (HLEC) proteome changes: protein expression 1,800 MHz 1–3.5 W/kg continuous for 2 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Chauhan V et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, HL-60 (human acute myeloid leukaemia cells) and Mono Mac 6 cells (human monocytes) gene expression 1.9 GHz 1–10 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 6 h digital mobile phone, mobile communications
Sakurai T et al. 2011 intact cell/cell culture, human astroglial cells SVGp12 gene expression 2.45 GHz 1–10 W/kg continuous for 1, 4 or 24 h mobile phone, mobile communications, microwaves, CW continuous wave, 2.45 GHz
Karinen A et al. 2008 human, partial body: small area of forearm's skin protein expression 900 MHz 1.3 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Luo Q et al. 2013 human protein expression in chorionic villous tissue 900 MHz 1.46–8.8 W/kg continuous for 20 min. (according to "materials and methods" section) or 1 h (according to abstract)? mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Nikolova T et al. 2005 intact cell/cell culture, ES R1 cells (mouse embryonic stem cells) different effects (e.g. different transcript levels, genotoxicity, proliferation, apoptosis, cytotoxicity, mitochondrial function) 50 Hz–1.25 kHz 1.5 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/30 min off, for 6 h and 48 h GSM, mobile communications, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line
Zhao R et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture gene expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 24 h GSM, mobile communications
Cervellati F et al. 2009 intact cell/cell culture, HTR-8/SVneo (human trophoblast cell line) connexin gene expression and protein expression, protein localization and cell ultrastructure 1,817 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM, PW pulsed wave
Nylund R et al. 2009 intact cell/cell culture, EA.hy926 cells protein expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM
Gerner C et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, Jurkat cells (human lymphoblastoid T cells), cultured fibroblasts, quiescent and inflammatory stimulated (by PHA and LPS) primary human white blood cells protein expression (effects on proteome) 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg 5 min on - 10 min off for 8 hr mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM, PW pulsed wave
Nylund R et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture protein expression 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Zhijian C et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, HMy2.CIR (human B-cell lymphoblastoid cells) protein expression 1.8 GHz 2 W/kg intermittent (5 min fields on/10 min fields off) for 24 hours mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Cervellati F et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, HTR-8/SVneo (human trophoblast cell line) connexin, integrin and estrogen receptor expression, cell ultrastructure, localization of estrogen receptor 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 1 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, co-exposure
Valbonesi P et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, PC-12 cells (pheochromocytoma cell line from rat adrenal gland) gene expression and protein expression of Hsp70 and mitogen-activated protein kinase 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 4, 16, and 24 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Lu Y et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, N9 cells (mouse microglial cells) and C8-D1A cells (mouse astrocyte type I cells) proinflammatory protein expression and gene expression; nitric oxide release; STAT3 activation, activation of microglia and astrocytes 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent for 1, 3, 6, 12, or 24 hours (5 min on and 10 min off) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave
Valbonesi P et al. 2016 intact cell/cell culture, PC-12 cells/rat - 1.8 GHz 2 W/kg - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Zeng Q et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell line) protein and gene expression 1,800 MHz 2–3.5 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 24 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Kim HN et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture, MCF10 A cells (human breast epithelial cells) Expression of the proteins Hsp27 and ERK1/2 and analysis of its phosphorylated forms 837 MHz 2–4 W/kg continuous for 4 h once or 2 h/day on 3 days mobile phone, CDMA, W-CDMA, mobile communications
Zhang Y et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, human lens epithelial cells (HLEC) - 1.8 GHz 2–4 W/kg - GSM, mobile communications, RF field
Ni S et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, human eye lens epithelial cells (HLE B3) cell viability, oxidative stress 1,800 MHz 2–4 W/kg intermittent (5 minutes field "on"/10 minutes field "off") for up to 24 hours GSM, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Huang TQ et al. 2008 intact cell/cell culture, Jurkat cells (human lymphoblastoid T cells) cellular and molecular changes (e.g. DNA damage, gene expression, cell proliferation, cell cycle progression) 1,762.5 MHz 2–10 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 1 h/day, for 1, 2, or 3 days digital mobile phone, CDMA, mobile communications
Kim KB et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell line) protein expression 849 MHz 2–10 W/kg continuous for 1 h/day on 3 consecutive days mobile phone, CDMA, mobile communications
Nylund R et al. 2004 intact cell/cell culture, EA.hy926 cells protein expression 900 MHz 2.4 W/kg continuous for 1 h GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Nylund R et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, EA.hy926 cells and EA.hy926v1 cells gene and protein expression 900 MHz 2.8 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Finnie JW 2005 animal, mouse/C57BL/6NTac, whole body <i>c-fos</i> expression in the brain (to assess neural injury) 900 MHz 4 W/kg continuous for 60 min GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Bourthoumieu S et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture expression and activating of p53 protein 900 MHz 4–32 W/kg continuous for 24 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave
Chen G et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture, yeast (<i>Saccharomyces cerevisiae</i>)/S288C gene expression in yeast 50 Hz 4.7 W/kg continuous for 6 h GSM, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave, magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz
Whitehead TD et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) gene expression 835.62 MHz 5 W/kg continuous for 24 h CDMA, FDMA, mobile communications
Whitehead TD et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) gene expression 835.62 MHz 5 W/kg continuous for 24 h digital mobile phone, CDMA, FDMA, mobile communications
Whitehead TD et al. 2005 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) <i>c-Fos</i> mRNA expression 835.62 MHz 5.2–10 W/kg continuous for 4 days CDMA, FDMA, TDMA, mobile communications
Morrissey JJ et al. 1999 animal, mouse/BALB/c, partial body: head expression of c-<i>fos</i> (a proto-oncogene) 1.6 GHz 6.42–26.29 W/kg continuous for 1 h IRIDIUM, mobile communications
Huang TQ et al. 2008 intact cell/cell culture, HEI-OC1 cells (immortalized mouse auditory hair cells) cell cycle, DNA damage, stress response, and gene expression 1,763 MHz 20 W/kg continuous for 24 h and 48 h mobile communications, mobile phone, CDMA
Sepehrimanesh M et al. 2014 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body protein expression in testes 900 MHz 0.19–1.22 W/g repeated daily exposure for 1 h on 30 consecutive days mobile phone, mobile communications
Engelmann JC et al. 2008 plant, plant cell suspension cultures of <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i> gene expression 1.9 GHz 0.75–2 W/g continuous for 24 h UMTS, CDMA, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves