Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1464 studies in total
  1. 607 studies
  2. 466 studies
  3. 448 studies
  4. 192 studies
  5. 166 studies
  6. 96 studies


466 studies in total
  1. 246 studies
  2. 170 studies
  3. 94 studies
  4. 39 studies

Gene/protein expression (in general) 94 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Kesari KK et al. 2014 animal, rat/ Wistar, whole body DNA damage, protein expression, apoptosis and oxidative stress in brain 2,115 MHz 0.26–0.9 W/kg continuous for 2 hours/day for 60 days mobile phone, mobile communications
Belyaev IY et al. 2006 animal, rat/Fischer 344, whole body DNA strand breaks, changes in chromatin conformation, gene expression 915 MHz 0.4 mW/g continuous for 2 h GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Czyz J et al. 2004 intact cell/cell culture, pluripotent R1 embryonic stem cells, wild-type D3 and p53-deficient; embryonic carcinoma cells of line P19 gene expression, cell differentiation, cell cycle phase, and proliferation 1.71 GHz 0.4–16 W/kg intermittent, 5/30 min On/Off cycles for 6 or 48 hours GSM, mobile communications
Goswami PC et al. 1999 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) stress response (proto-oncogene expression and DNA-binding activity of transcription factors) 835.62 MHz 0.6 W/kg continuous for 24 h or 4 days mobile communications, CDMA
Pacini S et al. 2002 intact cell/cell culture, human skin fibroblasts gene expression, cell morphology 902.4 MHz 0.6 W/kg continuous for 1 h GSM, mobile communications
Akhavan-Sigari R et al. 2014 human, partial body: head relationship between <i>p53</i> expression, <i>p53</i> mutations, survival time and cell phone usage 800–1,900 MHz 0.66–1.53 W/kg repeated daily exposure of less than 3 hours mobile phone, mobile communications
Karaca E et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture DNA damage (micronucleus assay), gene expression of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic genes 10.715 GHz 0.725 W/kg continuous for 6 h per day for 3 days mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Yan JG et al. 2008 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body mRNA synthesis of several injury-associated proteins 1.9 GHz 0.9–1.8 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 2 x 3 h/day, for 18 weeks analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, PCS, CDMA, mobile communications, microwaves
Yan JG et al. 2009 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body mRNA synthesis (gene expression) of several injury-associated proteins 800 MHz 0.9–1.8 W/kg 2 times 3 hr / day (with 30 min rest period between exposures), on 7 days/week for 18 weeks mobile communications, mobile phone, analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, CDMA
Remondini D et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, HL-60 (human acute myeloid leukaemia cells), EA.hy926 cells (human endothelial cells), NB69 cells (human neuroblastoma cells), CHME5 cells (human microglial cells), U937 cells (monocytic lymphoblastoma cells), and T lymphocytes gene expression 900 MHz 1–2.5 W/kg intermittent, 5 min on/10 min off, for 24 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves