Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1432 studies in total
  1. 588 studies
  2. 457 studies
  3. 439 studies
  4. 191 studies
  5. 163 studies
  6. 94 studies

DNA

457 studies in total
  1. 240 studies
  2. 169 studies
  3. 92 studies
  4. 39 studies

Gene/protein expression (in general) 92 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Huang TQ et al. 2008 intact cell/cell culture, Jurkat cells (human lymphoblastoid T cells) cellular and molecular changes (e.g. DNA damage, gene expression, cell proliferation, cell cycle progression) 1,762.5 MHz 2–10 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 1 h/day, for 1, 2, or 3 days digital mobile phone, CDMA, mobile communications
Huang TQ et al. 2008 intact cell/cell culture, HEI-OC1 cells (immortalized mouse auditory hair cells) cell cycle, DNA damage, stress response, and gene expression 1,763 MHz 20 W/kg continuous for 24 h and 48 h mobile communications, mobile phone, CDMA
Ivaschuk OI et al. 1997 intact cell/cell culture, P12 (rat pheochromocytoma cells) expression of the immediate early genes encoding c-<i>jun</i> and c-<i>fos</i> 836.55 MHz 2.6 µW/g intermittent, 20 min on/off, for 20, 60 and 100 min NADC, TDMA, mobile communications
Karaca E et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture DNA damage (micronucleus assay), gene expression of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic genes 10.715 GHz 0.725 W/kg continuous for 6 h per day for 3 days mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Karinen A et al. 2008 human, partial body: small area of forearm's skin protein expression 900 MHz 1.3 W/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Kesari KK et al. 2014 animal, rat/ Wistar, whole body DNA damage, protein expression, apoptosis and oxidative stress in brain 2,115 MHz 0.26–0.9 W/kg continuous for 2 hours/day for 60 days mobile phone, mobile communications
Kim HN et al. 2012 intact cell/cell culture, MCF10 A cells (human breast epithelial cells) Expression of the proteins Hsp27 and ERK1/2 and analysis of its phosphorylated forms 837 MHz 2–4 W/kg continuous for 4 h once or 2 h/day on 3 days mobile phone, CDMA, W-CDMA, mobile communications
Kim JH et al. 2016 - - 835 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications
Kim JH et al. 2017 animal, mouse/C57BL/6 - 835 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Kim JH et al. 2017 animal, mouse/C57BL/6, whole body - 835 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Kim JH et al. 2018 animal, mouse/C57BL/6 - 835 MHz - - mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Kim JH et al. 2018 animal, mouse/C57BL/6 - 835 MHz - - mobile communications, RF field
Kim JH et al. 2021 intact cell/cell culture, SH-SY5Y (human neuroblastoma cell line) - 1,760 MHz - - LTE, mobile communications
Kim KB et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, MCF-7 (human breast cancer cell line) protein expression 849 MHz 2–10 W/kg continuous for 1 h/day on 3 consecutive days mobile phone, CDMA, mobile communications
Kumar R et al. 2019 animal, rat/Wistar - 900–2,450 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, low level microwaves, 2.45 GHz
Kumar R et al. 2021 - - 900–2,450 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, 2.45 GHz, RF field
Kuzniar A et al. 2017 - - 50 Hz–5.8 GHz - - UMTS, mobile communications, W-LAN/WiFi, RF field, 50/60 Hz, low frequency, magnetic field
Lameth J et al. 2020 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM
Lamkowski A et al. 2018 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, CW continuous wave
Li HW et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture, human lens epithelial cells (HLEC) proteome changes: protein expression 1,800 MHz 1–3.5 W/kg continuous for 2 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Liu Y et al. 2013 intact cell/cell culture, Raji cells (human Burkitt lymphoma cells) gene expression of EBV-EA (early antigen) 900 MHz 0.02 mW/g continuous for 4 h every day up to 4 weeks mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Lu Y et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, N9 cells (mouse microglial cells) and C8-D1A cells (mouse astrocyte type I cells) proinflammatory protein expression and gene expression; nitric oxide release; STAT3 activation, activation of microglia and astrocytes 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent for 1, 3, 6, 12, or 24 hours (5 min on and 10 min off) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave
Luo Q et al. 2013 human protein expression in chorionic villous tissue 900 MHz 1.46–8.8 W/kg continuous for 20 min. (according to "materials and methods" section) or 1 h (according to abstract)? mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Manta AK et al. 2017 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, GSM
McNamee JP et al. 2021 intact cell/cell culture, A172 (human glioblastoma cells) - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM, RF field, CW continuous wave