Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1360 studies in total
  1. 548 studies
  2. 426 studies
  3. 419 studies
  4. 182 studies
  5. 153 studies
  6. 88 studies

Health

548 studies in total
  1. 118 studies
  2. 56 studies
  3. 48 studies
  4. 48 studies
  5. 46 studies
  6. 45 studies
  7. 45 studies
  8. 44 studies
  9. 42 studies
  10. 42 studies
  11. 25 studies
  12. 20 studies
  13. 19 studies
  14. 18 studies
  15. 11 studies
  16. 6 studies
  17. 5 studies

Endocrine changes (in general) 42 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Braune S et al. 2002 human, partial body: head/right blood pressure; heart rate, hormonal parameters (changes in hormone levels) 900 MHz 0.5–0.84 W/kg continuous for 50 min GSM, mobile communications
Wenzel C et al. 2002 animal, cow, whole body salivary cortisol levels as indicator of stress 900 MHz–1.8 GHz - continuous GSM, mobile communications
Mann K et al. 1998 human, partial body: head hormone secretion 900 MHz - continuous for 8 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Radon K et al. 2001 human, partial body: head levels of salivary melatonin, cortisol, neopterin, and immunoglobulin A 900 MHz 0.025 W/kg continuous for 4 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Djeridane Y et al. 2008 human, partial body: consistent one side of the head hormone levels 900 MHz 0.3 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 2 h/day, 5 days/week, for 4 weeks digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Bouji M et al. 2012 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, partial body: head astrocyte activation (glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)), pro-inflammatory cytokine expression (interleukin), stress (corticosterone), emotional memory 900 MHz 6 W/kg continuous for 15 min digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D et al. 2012 serum samples - 900 MHz 0.69–1.09 W/kg continuous for 20 min digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Forgacs Z et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture, mouse Leydig cell preparation, animal, mouse/NMRI - 1,800 MHz 0.018–0.023 W/kg continuous for 2 h/day, 5 days/week for 2 weeks digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves, PW pulsed wave
Koyu A et al. 2005 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body content of TSH and thyroid hormones 900 MHz 2 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 30 min/day, 5 days/week for 4 weeks mobile communications
Khoshbakht S et al. 2021 - - 2,100 MHz - - mobile communications, 4G, LTE, RF field
de Seze R et al. 2001 human, partial body: head (left or right side) effects on nervous system, auditory system, and endocrine system 900 MHz - continuous for 1 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM, microwaves
Eskander EF et al. 2012 human, whole body human hormone profiles 950 MHz - continuous for up to six years (see add. information) mobile communications, digital mobile phone, mobile phone base station, GSM
Song B et al. 2015 animal, rat/Sprague Dawley, whole body - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, microwaves
Shahin S et al. 2017 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Gevrek F et al. 2017 - - - - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Qin F et al. 2018 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Hussien NI et al. 2020 animal, rat/albino - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Augner C et al. 2010 human, whole body levels of salivary alpha-amylase, immunoglobulin A, and cortisol (as stress and immunological parameters) 900 MHz - five times 50 minutes (five sessions) mobile communications, mobile phone base station, GSM
Jelodar G et al. 2021 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone base station, RF field
Shahabi S et al. 2018 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, CDMA
Nakamura H et al. 2003 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body utero-placental blood flow, endocrine changes, effects on immunological system 915 MHz 0.4–2 W/kg continuous for 90 min mobile communications, mobile phone, microwaves
Marzook EM et al. 2014 animal, rat/albino oxidative stress and other parameters in the blood 900 MHz - continuous for 24 h/day for 8 weeks mobile phone base station, mobile communications, co-exposure
Jin YB et al. 2013 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body different serum hormone levels 848.5 MHz 4 W/kg continuous 45 min/day, 5 days/week for 4 or 8 weeks mobile phone, CDMA, W-CDMA, mobile communications, co-exposure
Kesari KK et al. 2012 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body fertility 900 MHz 0.9 W/kg continuous for 2 h/day for 45 days mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Meo SA et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body insulin level in serum, fasting blood glucose level 1,800 MHz - less than 15 min/day for 3 month mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications