Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1360 studies in total
  1. 548 studies
  2. 426 studies
  3. 419 studies
  4. 182 studies
  5. 153 studies
  6. 88 studies
Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Sarapultseva EI et al. 2014 invertebrate, <i>Spirostomum ambiguum</i> - 1 GHz - - mobile communications, low level microwaves, radar
Weber S et al. 2008 homeopathically diluted (D30) thyroxine effects on homeopathically prepared thyroxine 50 Hz–2.45 GHz - continuous for 100 s mobile communications, microw. oven/heating device, 2.45 GHz, 50/60 Hz
Vian A et al. 2006 plant, tomato (<i>Lycopersicon esculentum</i> Mill.)/VFN8, whole body stress response of tomato 900 MHz - continuous for 10 min mobile communications, microwaves
Yildiz M et al. 2006 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body bone mineral density 900 MHz 2 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 30 min/day, 5 days/week, for 4 weeks mobile communications, mobile phone
Lee KS et al. 2008 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/<i>Oregon-R</i>, wild type, <i>Actin5C-Gal4</i>, <i>UAS-SOD1IR</i>, and <i>UAS-SOD2IR</i>, whole body survival rate of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> 835 MHz 1.6–4 W/kg continuous for 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 h mobile communications, mobile phone
Atay T et al. 2009 human, partial body: iliac bone bone mineral density of Iiliac bone wings 900–1,800 MHz - 14.7 h/ day for 6.2 years (mean value) mobile communications, mobile phone
Partsvania B et al. 2011 isolated organ, nervous system (ganglia) of the snail <i>Helix pomatia</i> neuronal electrophysiology (neuron memory process and excitability) 900 MHz 0.63 W/kg continuous for 60 min mobile communications, mobile phone
Sarapultseva EI et al. 2011 invertebrate, <i>Spirostomum ambiguum</i> - 1 GHz - continuous for 1 min up to 11 h mobile communications, mobile phone
Bourdineaud JP et al. 2017 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Alahmad YM et al. 2018 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Movahedi MM et al. 2019 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Kafi ST et al. 2014 - - 800–1,000 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone base station
Taye RR et al. 2017 - - - - - mobile communications, mobile phone base station
Hässig M et al. 2009 animal, calf, whole body effects on eye (nuclear cataract; oxidative stress) - - continuous for 1 year mobile communications, mobile phone base station, GSM, UMTS
Odemer R et al. 2019 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM
El Halabi N et al. 2013 - - - - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, UMTS
Mortazavi SMJ et al. 2012 animal, mouse/BALB/c, partial body: head survival rate of mice - 1.4 W/kg continuous for 2 hours/day for 3 days mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, co-exposure
Calabrò E et al. 2013 - - 1,765 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, microwaves
Qureshi ST et al. 2017 - - 900 MHz–3.31 GHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, wireless transmitter
Meral I et al. 2007 animal, guinea pig, whole body different blood vitamin levels, oxidative stress in the brain 890–915 MHz 0.95 W/kg continuous for 12 h/day (11 h 45 min stand-by mode, 15 min speaking mode) on 30 days mobile communications, mobile phone, RF field
Chen HY et al. 2014 - - 1,805–1,850 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, RF field
Chandel S et al. 2019 - - 2,350 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, RF field
Yan JG et al. 2009 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body mRNA synthesis (gene expression) of several injury-associated proteins 800 MHz 0.9–1.8 W/kg 2 times 3 hr / day (with 30 min rest period between exposures), on 7 days/week for 18 weeks mobile communications, mobile phone, analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, CDMA
Haghani M et al. 2013 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, co-exposure
Sarapultseva EI et al. 2009 invertebrate, <i>Spirostomum ambiguum</i> spontaneous motor activity of a protozoa 1 GHz - continuous for 15 min, 30 min, 45 min, 1h, 2 hr, 3 hr, 4 hr, 6 hr, 8 hr, 10 hr mobile communications, mobile phone, low level microwaves, Radio/TV transmitter
Nakamura H et al. 2003 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body utero-placental blood flow, endocrine changes, effects on immunological system 915 MHz 0.4–2 W/kg continuous for 90 min mobile communications, mobile phone, microwaves
Acar GO et al. 2009 animal, rabbit/New Zealand albino, partial body: ear effects on facial nerves and surrounding soft tissue 1,900 MHz 3.72 W/kg continuous for 25 min mobile communications, mobile phone, microwaves
Calabrò E et al. 2017 - - 1,750 Hz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, microwaves
Nasiar N et al. 2018 - - - - - mobile communications, mobile phone, mobile phone base station, residential
Hirose H et al. 2008 intact cell/cell culture, BALB/3T3 cells (clone A31-1-1) malignant/neoplastic cell transformation 2.1425 GHz 80–800 mW/kg continuous for 6 weeks mobile phone base station, CDMA, mobile communications
Waldmann-Selsam C et al. 2016 - - - - - mobile phone base station, GSM, UMTS, LTE, TETRA/TETRAPOL, mobile communications
Everaert J et al. 2007 animal, house sparrow (<i>Passer domesticus</i>), whole body number of house sparrow males 925–960 MHz - during the breeding period mobile phone base station, GSM, mobile communications
Vijver MG et al. 2014 invertebrate, fruit fly/<i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>, springtails/<i>Folsomia candida</i>, parasitic wasps/<i>Asobara japonica</i> and predatory bug/<i>Orius laevigatus</i> - 900 MHz - - mobile phone base station, GSM, mobile communications
Adang D et al. 2009 animal, rat/Charles River, whole body - 970 MHz 0.08 W/kg - mobile phone base station, GSM, mobile communications, low level microwaves, CW continuous wave, PW pulsed wave, radar
Jelodar G et al. 2013 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body oxidative stress in the eye 900 MHz - continuous for 4 h/day on 45 days mobile phone base station, mobile communications
Sharma AB et al. 2018 - - - - - mobile phone base station, mobile communications
Cammaerts MC et al. 2015 - - 900–1,800 MHz - - mobile phone base station, mobile communications, RF field
Balmori A et al. 2007 animal, house sparrow (<i>Passer domesticus</i>), whole body number of house sparrows 1 MHz–3 GHz - 3 years and 8 months mobile phone base station, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Adebayo EA et al. 2014 - - - - - mobile phone base station, mobile communications, TV broadcast (VHF/UHF), Radio/TV transmitter, RF field
Park J et al. 2018 - - 837–1,950 MHz - - mobile phone, CDMA, W-CDMA, mobile communications, RF field
Kang KA et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, NIH3T3 cells (mouse fibroblasts), U87 (human glioma cells), PC12 (rat pheochromocytoma cells), SH-SY5Y (human neuroblastoma cells) cell viability, oxidative stress 837–1,950 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 2 hours mobile phone, CDMA, W-CDMA, mobile communications, co-exposure
Sharma VP et al. 2009 plant, mung bean effects on plants: root growth and oxidative stress 900 MHz - continuous for 0.5 h, 1 h, 2 hr, 4 hr mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Sharma VP et al. 2010 plant, mung bean (<i>Vigna radiata</i>)/Wilczek cv. ML-5 effects on plants: germination and growth 900 MHz - continuous for 0.5 h, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Sharma VP et al. 2010 invertebrate, honeybee (<i>Apis mellifera</i> L.) honeybee behaviour 900 MHz - continuous for 15 min. twice per day, twice per week from February to April ( 1100 hr and 1500 hr in total) mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Bartsch H et al. 2010 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body health and survival (mortality) 900 MHz 38–80 mW/kg continuous (except times for feeding, cleaning, health inspection, etc.): 24 months (exp. I), 17 (exp. II), 36 (exp. III), and 37 (exp. IV) months mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Cammaerts MC et al. 2011 intact cell/cell culture, <i>Paramecium caudatum</i> swimming behaviour of <i>Paramecium caudatum</i>, different morphological and physiological parameters 900 MHz - continuous for at least 2 min, at least for four times mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Singh HP et al. 2012 plant, mung bean (<i>Vigna radiata</i>)/Wilczek, hypocotyls effects on plants: root growth (rhizogenesis) and oxidative stress 900 MHz - continuous for 0.5, 1, 2 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Favre D 2011 invertebrate, honeybee (<i>Apis mellifera carnica</i>) honeybee behavior 900 MHz 0.271–0.98 W/kg continuous for 45 min - 20 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Meo SA et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body insulin level in serum, fasting blood glucose level 1,800 MHz - less than 15 min/day for 3 month mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Seckin E et al. 2014 animal, rat/Wistar albino (<i>in utero</i> and young animals), whole body - 900 MHz - 1 h/day starting on the 12th day of pregnancy until 21 days after delivery mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications