Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1359 studies in total
  1. 548 studies
  2. 426 studies
  3. 419 studies
  4. 181 studies
  5. 153 studies
  6. 88 studies
Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Acar GO et al. 2009 animal, rabbit/New Zealand albino, partial body: ear effects on facial nerves and surrounding soft tissue 1,900 MHz 3.72 W/kg continuous for 25 min mobile communications, mobile phone, microwaves
Adang D et al. 2009 animal, rat/Charles River, whole body - 970 MHz 0.08 W/kg - mobile phone base station, GSM, mobile communications, low level microwaves, CW continuous wave, PW pulsed wave, radar
Adebayo EA et al. 2014 - - - - - mobile phone base station, mobile communications, TV broadcast (VHF/UHF), Radio/TV transmitter, RF field
Adiguzel O et al. 2008 animal, rat/Wistar albino, partial body: head trace elements content of rat teeth 900 MHz - repeated daily exposure of 2 h for 10 months mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Akbal A et al. 2012 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Akhavan-Sigari R et al. 2014 human, partial body: head relationship between <i>p53</i> expression, <i>p53</i> mutations, survival time and cell phone usage 800–1,900 MHz 0.66–1.53 W/kg repeated daily exposure of less than 3 hours mobile phone, mobile communications
Aksen F et al. 2004 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body rectal temperature, T1 relaxation time; serum concentration of trace elements 890–915 MHz 290 µW/g repeated daily exposure, 20 min/day, 7 days a week for 1 month GSM, mobile communications
Alahmad YM et al. 2018 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Aslan A et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body fracture healing 900 MHz 8 mW/kg 30 min/day, 5 days/week for 8 weeks mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field
Atay T et al. 2009 human, partial body: iliac bone bone mineral density of Iiliac bone wings 900–1,800 MHz - 14.7 h/ day for 6.2 years (mean value) mobile communications, mobile phone
Aydogan F et al. 2015 animal, rat/Wistar albino - 2,100 MHz 0.4 W/kg - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Balmori A et al. 2007 animal, house sparrow (<i>Passer domesticus</i>), whole body number of house sparrows 1 MHz–3 GHz - 3 years and 8 months mobile phone base station, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Bartsch H et al. 2010 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body health and survival (mortality) 900 MHz 38–80 mW/kg continuous (except times for feeding, cleaning, health inspection, etc.): 24 months (exp. I), 17 (exp. II), 36 (exp. III), and 37 (exp. IV) months mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Beyer C et al. 2014 isolated bio./chem. substance, GrpE protein protein conformation 0.1 GHz - intermittent for up to 2 hours (different on/off cycles) GSM, mobile communications, RF field
Bilgici B et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body oxidative stress in brain and serum 850–950 MHz 1.08 W/kg continuous for 1 h/day for 3 weeks mobile phone, mobile communications, co-exposure
Bodera P et al. 2012 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body pain perception 1,500 MHz - continuous for 15 min GSM, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave, co-exposure
Bourdineaud JP et al. 2017 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Calabro E et al. 2010 isolated bio./chem. substance, lysozyme, bovine serum albumin and myoglobin - 900 MHz 0.85 W/kg continuous for 8 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Calabro E et al. 2016 - - 1,765 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications
Calabrò E et al. 2013 - - 1,765 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, microwaves
Calabrò E et al. 2015 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM, mobile phone, microwaves
Calabrò E et al. 2017 - - 1,750 Hz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, microwaves
Calabrò E et al. 2018 - - 900 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, microwaves
Cammaerts MC et al. 2011 intact cell/cell culture, <i>Paramecium caudatum</i> swimming behaviour of <i>Paramecium caudatum</i>, different morphological and physiological parameters 900 MHz - continuous for at least 2 min, at least for four times mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Cammaerts MC et al. 2012 invertebrate, ant (<i>Myrmica sabuleti</i>), whole body association between food sites and olfactory or visual cues 900 MHz - see add. information digital mobile phone, mobile phone base station, GSM, mobile communications
Cammaerts MC et al. 2014 invertebrate, ant (<i>Myrmica sabuleti</i>) and (<i>Myrmica ruginodis</i>) motor activity of ants 900 MHz - not given mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, RF field, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi, static electric field, PC/TV monitor
Cammaerts MC et al. 2013 invertebrate, ant (<i>Myrmica sabuleti</i>) food collection and response to pheromones 900 MHz - continuous for 3 x 60 hours and 1 x 18 hours at intervals of 3 days each mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Cammaerts MC et al. 2015 - - 900–1,800 MHz - - mobile phone base station, mobile communications, RF field
Cammaerts MC et al. 2014 - - - - - GSM, mobile communications, mobile phone, RF field
Capri M et al. 2006 peripheral blood mononuclear cells phenotype of T lymphocytes 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent, 10 min on/20 min off for 44 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone
Chandel S et al. 2017 - - 2,100 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, CW continuous wave
Chandel S et al. 2019 - - 2,350 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, RF field
Chavdoula ED et al. 2010 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R ovarian cell death/DNA fragmentation, reproductive capacity of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> 900 MHz - continuous for 6 min./day on 6 days mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM
Chen HY et al. 2014 - - 1,805–1,850 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, RF field
Choi SB et al. 2014 human - 1,950 MHz 1.57 W/kg - mobile phone, W-CDMA, mobile communications, personal
Cicek E et al. 2009 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body bone fracture 900 MHz 2 W/kg continuous for 30 min/day, for 28 days mobile phone, digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, CW continuous wave
Contalbrigo L et al. 2009 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body haematochemical parameters (glucose, triglycerides, and total cholesterol) 50 Hz - continuous for 19 hr/day - number of exposure days not given in this article GSM, mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz
Dasdag S et al. 1999 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body testicular function, histological changes of different organs 890–915 MHz 0.141 W/kg repeated daily exposure for 2 h/day for 1 month GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Dasdag S et al. 2000 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body birth weight, blood parameters 890–915 MHz 0.155 W/kg repeated daily exposure for 3 x 1 min during 2 h/day, see add. information GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Dasdag S et al. 2011 animal, rat/Wistar albino and Sprague-Dawley, whole body histopathological changes of the nasal mucosa and the nose skin 50 Hz - continuous for 2 h/day, 7 days/week for 10 months mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM, microwaves, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz
Dasdag S et al. 2014 animal, rat/Wistar albino, partial body: head enamel micro hardness 890–915 MHz 0.0369–2.023 W/kg continuous for 2 hours/d for 10 months mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Dawe AS et al. 2008 invertebrate, <i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i>/PC72 (transgenic, with reporter gene construct encoding beta-galactosidase under control of <i>hsp16</i> heat shock promotor), whole body expression of heat shock protein 1.8 GHz 1.8 W/kg continuous for 2.5 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
El Halabi N et al. 2013 - - - - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, UMTS
El Kholy SE et al. 2012 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> - - - - mobile phone, mobile communications, Radio/TV transmitter, PC/TV monitor
Engelmann JC et al. 2008 plant, plant cell suspension cultures of <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i> gene expression 1.9 GHz 0.75–2 W/g continuous for 24 h UMTS, CDMA, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Esmekaya MA et al. 2010 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body effects on thyroid gland 900 MHz 1.35 W/kg continuous for 20 min./day on 21 days mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave
Everaert J et al. 2007 animal, house sparrow (<i>Passer domesticus</i>), whole body number of house sparrow males 925–960 MHz - during the breeding period mobile phone base station, GSM, mobile communications
Fasseas MK et al. 2015 invertebrate, nematode (<i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i>)/N2 (wild type), DR1572, DR26, TK22, CL4176, NL5901, RB864, CL2070 (<i>hsp-16.2</i>), CF1553 (<i>sod-3</i>), SJ4005 (<i>hsp-4</i>), LG333 (<i>skn-1</i>), LD1171 (<i>gcs-1</i>) and CL2166 (<i>gst-4</i>) effects on fertility, neurodegeneration, short-term memory, chemotaxis, stress, apoptosis, life span and growth of <i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i> 1,780–1,800 MHz - continuous for 0.5, 1, 3, 6 or 24 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi
Favre D 2011 invertebrate, honeybee (<i>Apis mellifera carnica</i>) honeybee behavior 900 MHz 0.271–0.98 W/kg continuous for 45 min - 20 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Geronikolou S et al. 2014 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon R (adults and pupae), whole body quantity of oviposition 864.1–868.1 MHz 0.7–5 mW/kg continuous for 20 min/day for 5 days mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, cordless phone