Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1359 studies in total
  1. 548 studies
  2. 426 studies
  3. 419 studies
  4. 181 studies
  5. 153 studies
  6. 88 studies
Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Favre D 2011 invertebrate, honeybee (<i>Apis mellifera carnica</i>) honeybee behavior 900 MHz 0.271–0.98 W/kg continuous for 45 min - 20 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Sharma VP et al. 2010 invertebrate, honeybee (<i>Apis mellifera</i> L.) honeybee behaviour 900 MHz - continuous for 15 min. twice per day, twice per week from February to April ( 1100 hr and 1500 hr in total) mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Meo SA et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body insulin level in serum, fasting blood glucose level 1,800 MHz - less than 15 min/day for 3 month mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Sokolovic D et al. 2012 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body locomotor activity, stress and anxiety related behavior, exploratory behavior, body mass 900 MHz 0.043–0.135 W/kg continuous for 4 h/day on 60 days mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves, CW continuous wave, co-exposure
Sefidbakht Y et al. 2013 isolated bio./chem. substance, luciferase solution luciferase structure and enzyme activity 940 MHz 0.021 W/g exposure duration not given clearly (30 min?) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field
Yan JG et al. 2009 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body mRNA synthesis (gene expression) of several injury-associated proteins 800 MHz 0.9–1.8 W/kg 2 times 3 hr / day (with 30 min rest period between exposures), on 7 days/week for 18 weeks mobile communications, mobile phone, analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, CDMA
Hirose H et al. 2008 intact cell/cell culture, BALB/3T3 cells (clone A31-1-1) malignant/neoplastic cell transformation 2.1425 GHz 80–800 mW/kg continuous for 6 weeks mobile phone base station, CDMA, mobile communications
Lerchl A et al. 2008 animal, Djungarian hamster (<i>Phodopus sungorus</i>), whole body metabolic effects (body weight, melatonin levels) 383 MHz 80 mW/kg continuous for 60 days digital mobile phone, GSM, TETRA/TETRAPOL, mobile communications
Kumar NR et al. 2011 invertebrate, honeybee (<i>Apis mellifera</i> L.) metabolism of honey bees - - continuous for 10, 20 or 40 min mobile phone, mobile communications
Gustavino B et al. 2016 plant, broad bean (<i>Vicia faba</i> L.) (seedlings), whole body micronuclei in secondary root tips 915 MHz 0.4–1.6 W/kg continuous for 72 hours mobile phone, mobile communications, CW continuous wave
Cammaerts MC et al. 2014 invertebrate, ant (<i>Myrmica sabuleti</i>) and (<i>Myrmica ruginodis</i>) motor activity of ants 900 MHz - not given mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, RF field, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi, static electric field, PC/TV monitor
Roti Roti JL et al. 2001 intact cell/cell culture, C3H 10T1/2 cells (derived from mouse embryo fibroblasts) neoplastic transformation 835.62 MHz 0.6 W/kg continuous for 7 or 42 days mobile communications, CDMA, FDMA
Partsvania B et al. 2011 isolated organ, nervous system (ganglia) of the snail <i>Helix pomatia</i> neuronal electrophysiology (neuron memory process and excitability) 900 MHz 0.63 W/kg continuous for 60 min mobile communications, mobile phone
Yariktas M et al. 2005 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body nitric oxide level nasal and sinus mucosa 900 MHz - repeated daily exposure, 30 min/day, 5 days/week for 2 weeks digital mobile phone, mobile communications
Everaert J et al. 2007 animal, house sparrow (<i>Passer domesticus</i>), whole body number of house sparrow males 925–960 MHz - during the breeding period mobile phone base station, GSM, mobile communications
Balmori A et al. 2007 animal, house sparrow (<i>Passer domesticus</i>), whole body number of house sparrows 1 MHz–3 GHz - 3 years and 8 months mobile phone base station, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Panagopoulos DJ et al. 2007 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> ovarian cell death/DNA fragmentation 900 MHz - repeated daily exposure, 6 min/day, for 6 days digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Panagopoulos DJ et al. 2010 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R ovarian cell death/DNA fragmentation, reproductive capacity of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> 900 MHz 0.89 W/kg continuous for 6 min/day on 6 days mobile phone, mobile phone base station, GSM, mobile communications
Chavdoula ED et al. 2010 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R ovarian cell death/DNA fragmentation, reproductive capacity of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> 900 MHz - continuous for 6 min./day on 6 days mobile communications, digital mobile phone, GSM
Panagopoulos DJ et al. 2009 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R ovarian cell death/DNA fragmentation, reproductive capacity of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> 900 MHz 0.89 W/kg continuous for 6 min/day on 5 days mobile phone, digital mobile phone, GSM, TDMA, mobile communications
Panagopoulos DJ 2012 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R ovarian development 900 MHz 0.795 W/kg continuous for 6 min., every 10 h (first exposure 3 h after eclosion), max. for 5 times mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave
Ozorak A et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar albino (<i>in utero</i> and young animals), whole body oxidative stress (kidney and testis) and level of trace elements (kidney) 900 MHz 0.18–1.2 W/kg 60 min/day (5 days/week) during gestation and up to 6 weeks following delivery mobile phone, mobile communications, W-LAN/WiFi, 2.45 GHz
Bilgici B et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body oxidative stress in brain and serum 850–950 MHz 1.08 W/kg continuous for 1 h/day for 3 weeks mobile phone, mobile communications, co-exposure
Jelodar G et al. 2013 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body oxidative stress in the eye 900 MHz - continuous for 4 h/day on 45 days mobile phone base station, mobile communications
Nittby H et al. 2012 invertebrate, large garden snail (<i>Helix pomatia</i>) pain (nociception) 1,900 MHz 48 mW/kg continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, therapeutic/medical device
Bodera P et al. 2012 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body pain perception 1,500 MHz - continuous for 15 min GSM, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave, co-exposure
Capri M et al. 2006 peripheral blood mononuclear cells phenotype of T lymphocytes 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent, 10 min on/20 min off for 44 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone
Beyer C et al. 2014 isolated bio./chem. substance, GrpE protein protein conformation 0.1 GHz - intermittent for up to 2 hours (different on/off cycles) GSM, mobile communications, RF field
Geronikolou S et al. 2014 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon R (adults and pupae), whole body quantity of oviposition 864.1–868.1 MHz 0.7–5 mW/kg continuous for 20 min/day for 5 days mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, cordless phone
Aksen F et al. 2004 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body rectal temperature, T1 relaxation time; serum concentration of trace elements 890–915 MHz 290 µW/g repeated daily exposure, 20 min/day, 7 days a week for 1 month GSM, mobile communications
Akhavan-Sigari R et al. 2014 human, partial body: head relationship between <i>p53</i> expression, <i>p53</i> mutations, survival time and cell phone usage 800–1,900 MHz 0.66–1.53 W/kg repeated daily exposure of less than 3 hours mobile phone, mobile communications
Margaritis LH et al. 2014 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R (wildtype) and <i>Drosophila virilis</i> reproduction of <i>Drosophila spec.</i> (apoptosis in follicles; quantification of F1 pupae) 27.15 MHz 1.2 W/kg 6 or 12 minutes daily for 1 (3rd day of experiment only), or 3 days (<i>D. virilis</i>) (follicles); 6 minutes daily for 7 days (<i>D. virilis</i>) (F1 pupae) mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, CW continuous wave, Bluetooth, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi, FM broadcast (UKW), microw. oven/heating device
Panagopoulos DJ et al. 2004 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>, whole body reproductive capacity 900 MHz - repeated daily exposure, 6 min/day for 5 days GSM, mobile communications
Panagopoulos DJ et al. 2003 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R, whole body reproductive capacity and malformations of the eggs in the ovaries 50 Hz - continuous for 5 days GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave, electric field, magnetic field, low frequency, signals/pulses, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure
Panagopoulos DJ et al. 2007 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R, whole body reproductive capacity of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> 900 MHz - 6 min/day for 5 days digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Panagopoulos DJ et al. 2010 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R reproductive capacity of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> 900 MHz 0.795 W/kg continuous for 1 min., 6 min., 11 min., 16 min. or 21 min./day on 5 days digital mobile phone, GSM, TDMA, mobile communications
Panagopoulos DJ et al. 2010 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R reproductive capacity of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> 900 MHz 0.89 W/kg continuous for 6 min/day on 5 days mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, RF field, electric field, magnetic field, low frequency
Yamashita H et al. 2010 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, partial body: head serum 17&beta;-estradiol level and estrogenic activity (uterus weight) 1,439 MHz 0.88–6.1 W/kg continuous for 4 hr/day on 3 consecutive days mobile phone, TDMA, mobile communications
Paredi P et al. 2001 human, partial body: head skin temperature, NO, and nasal resistence 900 MHz - 30 min GSM, mobile communications
Sarapultseva EI et al. 2009 invertebrate, <i>Spirostomum ambiguum</i> spontaneous motor activity of a protozoa 1 GHz - continuous for 15 min, 30 min, 45 min, 1h, 2 hr, 3 hr, 4 hr, 6 hr, 8 hr, 10 hr mobile communications, mobile phone, low level microwaves, Radio/TV transmitter
Roux D et al. 2006 plant, tomato (<i>Lycopersicon esculentum</i> Mill.)/VFN8, whole body stress response of tomato 900 MHz - continuous for 10 min mobile communications, GSM
Vian A et al. 2006 plant, tomato (<i>Lycopersicon esculentum</i> Mill.)/VFN8, whole body stress response of tomato 900 MHz - continuous for 10 min mobile communications, microwaves
Mady MM et al. 2012 artifical biological membranes in aqueous solutions (phospholipids; dipalmitoylphosphatidycholine (DPPC)) structural and functional properties of liposomes 950 MHz - continuous for 1 and 2 hours mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Mousavy SJ et al. 2009 isolated bio./chem. substance, hemoglobin solution structure and function of hemoglobin 910–940 MHz - continuous for 1 h or 2 h mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Mortazavi S et al. 2013 animal, mouse/BALB/c and rat/Wistar, whole body survival rate 900 MHz - mice: 6 h/day for 5 days; rats: 6 h/day for 6 days (or 4 days?, contradictory information) mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, co-exposure
Lee KS et al. 2008 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/<i>Oregon-R</i>, wild type, <i>Actin5C-Gal4</i>, <i>UAS-SOD1IR</i>, and <i>UAS-SOD2IR</i>, whole body survival rate of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> 835 MHz 1.6–4 W/kg continuous for 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 h mobile communications, mobile phone
Mortazavi SM et al. 2014 animal, mouse/BALB/c, partial body: head survival rate of mice - 1.4 W/kg continuous for 2 hours/day for 3 days mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, co-exposure
Mortazavi SMJ et al. 2012 animal, mouse/BALB/c, partial body: head survival rate of mice - 1.4 W/kg continuous for 2 hours/day for 3 days mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, co-exposure
Cammaerts MC et al. 2011 intact cell/cell culture, <i>Paramecium caudatum</i> swimming behaviour of <i>Paramecium caudatum</i>, different morphological and physiological parameters 900 MHz - continuous for at least 2 min, at least for four times mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Dasdag S et al. 1999 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body testicular function, histological changes of different organs 890–915 MHz 0.141 W/kg repeated daily exposure for 2 h/day for 1 month GSM, mobile communications, microwaves