Study overviews

Mobile phone related articles are

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1464 studies in total
  1. 607 studies
  2. 466 studies
  3. 448 studies
  4. 192 studies
  5. 166 studies
  6. 96 studies
Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Movahedi MM et al. 2019 - - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Ouadah NS et al. 2020 animal, rat/ Wistar - 900 MHz - - GSM, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave, co-exposure
Vargová B et al. 2021 invertebrate - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, RF field
Seada MA et al. 2016 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM
Vargova B et al. 2017 invertebrate, tick (<i>Dermacentor reticulatus</i>) - 900 MHz - - mobile communications
Vilic M et al. 2017 invertebrate, honey bee (<i>Apis mellifera</i>), whole body - 900 MHz - - mobile communications, AM amplitude modulation
Suanjak-Treidl E et al. 2006 homeopathically diluted (D30) thyroxine effects on homeopathically prepared thyroxine 900–1,800 MHz 0.8 W/kg intermittent, 5 x 20 s digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Atay T et al. 2009 human, partial body: iliac bone bone mineral density of Iiliac bone wings 900–1,800 MHz - 14.7 h/ day for 6.2 years (mean value) mobile communications, mobile phone
Mortazavi SMJ et al. 2011 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley - 900–1,800 MHz - 2 times 3 h/day for 4 days mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves, PW pulsed wave, also other exposures without EMF, co-exposure
Cammaerts MC et al. 2015 - - 900–1,800 MHz - - mobile phone base station, mobile communications, RF field
Kumar A et al. 2020 plant, onion (<i>Allium cepa</i>) - 900–1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, RF field
Jadidi M et al. 2019 animal, rat/ Wistar, whole body - 900–1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, also other exposures without EMF, co-exposure
Qureshi ST et al. 2017 plant, chickpea (<i>Cicer arietinum</i> L.) (root tips) - 900 MHz–3.31 GHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, wireless transmitter
Kosterec M et al. 2018 invertebrate, tick (<i>Dermacentor reticulatus</i>) - 900 MHz–5 GHz - - mobile communications, W-LAN/WiFi, RF field
Kouzmanova M et al. 2009 plant, <i>Plectranthus spec.</i> - 902 MHz - continuous for 1 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave
Irlenbusch L et al. 2007 human, partial body: head effects on the visual system 902.4 MHz 0.003–0.007 W/kg continuous for 30 min digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Lindholm H et al. 2011 human, partial body: head (right ear) head temperature 902.4 MHz 0.66–4.3 W/kg continuous for 15 min digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Thorlin T et al. 2006 intact cell/cell culture cell reactivity/cell damage 906.6 MHz 3.1–54 W/kg continuous for 4, 8, and 24 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, microwaves
Surducan V et al. 2020 plant, bean (<i>Phaseolus vulgaris</i> L.) - 910–920 MHz - - mobile communications, GSM
Mousavy SJ et al. 2009 isolated bio./chem. substance, hemoglobin solution structure and function of hemoglobin 910–940 MHz - continuous for 1 h or 2 h mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Nakamura H et al. 2003 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body utero-placental blood flow, endocrine changes, effects on immunological system 915 MHz 0.4–2 W/kg continuous for 90 min mobile communications, mobile phone, microwaves
Gustavino B et al. 2016 plant, broad bean (<i>Vicia faba</i> L.) (seedlings), whole body micronuclei in secondary root tips 915 MHz 0.4–1.6 W/kg continuous for 72 hours mobile phone, mobile communications, CW continuous wave
Everaert J et al. 2007 animal, house sparrow (<i>Passer domesticus</i>), whole body number of house sparrow males 925–960 MHz - during the breeding period mobile phone base station, GSM, mobile communications
Sefidbakht Y et al. 2013 isolated bio./chem. substance, luciferase solution luciferase structure and enzyme activity 940 MHz 0.021 W/g exposure duration not given clearly (30 min?) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field
Mady MM et al. 2012 artifical biological membranes in aqueous solutions (phospholipids; dipalmitoylphosphatidycholine (DPPC)) structural and functional properties of liposomes 950 MHz - continuous for 1 and 2 hours mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, microwaves
Adang D et al. 2009 animal, rat/Charles River, whole body - 970 MHz 0.08 W/kg - mobile phone base station, GSM, mobile communications, low level microwaves, CW continuous wave, PW pulsed wave, radar
Sarapultseva EI et al. 2009 invertebrate, <i>Spirostomum ambiguum</i> spontaneous motor activity of a protozoa 1 GHz - continuous for 15 min, 30 min, 45 min, 1h, 2 hr, 3 hr, 4 hr, 6 hr, 8 hr, 10 hr mobile communications, mobile phone, low level microwaves, Radio/TV transmitter
Sarapultseva EI et al. 2011 invertebrate, <i>Spirostomum ambiguum</i> - 1 GHz - continuous for 1 min up to 11 h mobile communications, mobile phone
Sarapultseva EI et al. 2014 invertebrate, <i>Spirostomum ambiguum</i> - 1 GHz - - mobile communications, low level microwaves, radar
de Pomerai DI et al. 2016 - - 1–1.8 GHz - - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, RF field, CW continuous wave
Yamashita H et al. 2010 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, partial body: head serum 17&beta;-estradiol level and estrogenic activity (uterus weight) 1,439 MHz 0.88–6.1 W/kg continuous for 4 hr/day on 3 consecutive days mobile phone, TDMA, mobile communications
Bodera P et al. 2012 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body pain perception 1,500 MHz - continuous for 15 min GSM, mobile communications, RF field, PW pulsed wave, co-exposure
Vecsei Z et al. 2018 - - 1,750 MHz - - mobile communications, LTE
Calabrò E et al. 2019 isolated bio./chem. substance - 1,750 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Yoon SY et al. 2011 intact cell/cell culture, human scalp hair follicle preparations (of three individuals), human dermal papilla cells (hDPC), NIH3T3 cells (mouse fibroblasts), C2C12 cells (undifferentiated myoblasts and differentiated myotubes), HeLa cell line (human adenocarcinoma cell line), OSE-80PC hair growth <i>in vitro</i> and <i>ex vivo</i> 1,763 MHz 2–10 W/kg continuous for 1 h or 3 h CDMA, mobile communications, RF field
Calabro E et al. 2016 - - 1,765 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications
Calabrò E et al. 2013 - - 1,765 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, GSM, microwaves
Fasseas MK et al. 2015 invertebrate, nematode (<i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i>)/N2 (wild type), DR1572, DR26, TK22, CL4176, NL5901, RB864, CL2070 (<i>hsp-16.2</i>), CF1553 (<i>sod-3</i>), SJ4005 (<i>hsp-4</i>), LG333 (<i>skn-1</i>), LD1171 (<i>gcs-1</i>) and CL2166 (<i>gst-4</i>) effects on fertility, neurodegeneration, short-term memory, chemotaxis, stress, apoptosis, life span and growth of <i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i> 1,780–1,800 MHz - continuous for 0.5, 1, 3, 6 or 24 h mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi
Capri M et al. 2006 peripheral blood mononuclear cells phenotype of T lymphocytes 1,800 MHz 2 W/kg intermittent, 10 min on/20 min off for 44 h mobile communications, digital mobile phone
Dawe AS et al. 2008 invertebrate, <i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i>/PC72 (transgenic, with reporter gene construct encoding beta-galactosidase under control of <i>hsp16</i> heat shock promotor), whole body expression of heat shock protein 1.8 GHz 1.8 W/kg continuous for 2.5 h digital mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Zareen N et al. 2009 animal, chicken embryos/Desi (eggs), whole body effects on the eye: retinal differentiation 1,800 MHz - 15 min twice daily for up to 15 days mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field
Meo SA et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body insulin level in serum, fasting blood glucose level 1,800 MHz - less than 15 min/day for 3 month mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Koca O et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body histopathologic changes in the kidney 1,800 MHz 1.52 W/kg 8 h/day speech mode, 16 h/day standby mode for 20 days mobile phone, mobile communications, CW continuous wave
Kumar A et al. 2016 plant, maize seedlings (<i>Zea mays</i> L), whole body effects on plants: growth and carbohydrate metabolism 1,800 MHz 1.69 W/kg continuous for 30 minutes mobile phone, mobile communications, CW continuous wave
Kundu A et al. 2016 - - 1.8 GHz - - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Manta AK et al. 2017 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R (wildtype) - 1,800 MHz - - mobile phone, mobile communications, GSM
Akbal A et al. 2012 plant, lentil (<i>Lens culinaris</i> Medic) - 1,800 MHz - - mobile phone, GSM, mobile communications
Alahmad YM et al. 2018 - - 1,800 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone
Karatas SM et al. 2021 bacterium - 1,800 MHz - - GSM, mobile communications
Gothai E et al. 2022 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> - 1,800–2,700 MHz - - mobile communications, mobile phone, microwaves