Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

511 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 61 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Koc M et al. 2001 - men, ≥ 45 years 1990 - 2000 Turkey male breast cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Milham S 2004 - men 1985 - 1995 USA male breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Stein Y et al. 2011 - men, women, 18–69 years not stated Israel leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, testicular cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, bone cancer, malignant melanoma, lung cancer and other cancer types RF field, Radio/TV transmitter, radar, wireless transmitter, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, PC/TV monitor, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Stenlund C et al. 1997 case-control study men 1985 - 1987 Sweden male breast cancer, testicular cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Gammon MD et al. 1998 case-control study women 1990 - 1992 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, personal
Coogan PF et al. 1998 case-control study women 1983 - 1986 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Vena JE et al. 1994 case-control study women 1986 - 1991 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, personal
Coogan PF et al. 1996 case-control study women 1988 - 1991 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Rosenbaum PF et al. 1994 case-control study men 1979 - 1988 USA male breast cancer radar, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Li CY et al. 1997 case-control study men, women, ≥ 15 years 1987 - 1992 Taiwan leukemia, brain tumor, breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Feychting M et al. 1998 case-control study men, women, ≥ 16 years 1960 - 1985 Sweden female breast cancer and male breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Demers PA et al. 1991 case-control study men 1983 - 1987 USA male breast cancer RF field, Radio/TV transmitter, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Vena JE et al. 1991 case-control study women, 41–85 years 1987 - 1989 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, personal
Loomis DP et al. 1994 case-control study women, ≥ 20 years 1985 - 1989 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Theriault G et al. 1994 case-control study men 1970 - 1989 France and Canada acute nonlymphoid leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, brain tumor, male breast cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer, melanoma and other cancer types, all cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Forssen UM et al. 2000 case-control study women, ≥ 16 years 1960 - 1985 Sweden breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, PC/TV monitor, occupational, residential
Loomis DP 1992 case-control study men, ≥ 19 years 1985 - 1989 USA male breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational
Zheng T et al. 2000 case-control study women, 31–85 years 1994 - 1997 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, personal
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2001 case-control study women, 20–74 years 1993 - 1995 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
McElroy JA et al. 2001 case-control study women, 50–79 years 1994 - 1995 USA breast cancer 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, personal
Davis S et al. 2002 case-control study women, 20–74 years November 1992 - March 1995 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential
Li CY et al. 2003 case-control study men, women, ≥ 15 years 1987 - 1992 Taiwan leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Schoenfeld ER et al. 2003 case-control study women 1996 - 1997 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kabat GC et al. 2003 case-control study women 1996 - 1997 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, personal
London SJ et al. 2003 case-control study women, 45–74 years 1993 - 1999 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Labreche F et al. 2003 case-control study women 1996 - 1997 Canada postmenopausal breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Kliukiene J et al. 2004 case-control study women 1980 - 1996 Norway breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational, residential
Beniashvili D et al. 2005 case-control study women 1978 - 2003 Israel breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, personal
Zhu K et al. 2003 case-control study women, 20–64 years 1995 - 1998 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, personal
Forssen UM et al. 2005 case-control study women, ≥ 15 years 1976 - 1999 Sweden breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Davis S et al. 2007 case-control study women, 20–74 years November 1992 - March 1995, March 2000 - December 2001 USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
McElroy JA et al. 2007 case-control study women, 20–69 years not specified USA breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Elliott P et al. 2013 case-control study men, women, 15–74 years 1974 - 2008 UK leukemia, brain tumor and central nervous system cancer, female breast cancer, malignant melanoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Li W et al. 2013 case-control study women, ≥ 30 years 1989 - 2000 China breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Grundy A et al. 2016 case-control study men, ≥ 18 years 1994 - 1998 Canada male breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Johansen C et al. 1998 cohort study men, women 1968 - 1993 Denmark leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, female breast cancer and male breast cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, melanoma, and other cancer types, all cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Kliukiene J et al. 1999 cohort study women 1961 - 1992 Norway breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Floderus B et al. 1999 cohort study men, women, ≥ 20 years 1971 - 1984 Sweden leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, male breast cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, rectum cancer, pancreas cancer, lung cancer, uterus cancer, melanoma, and other cancer types, all cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Fear NT et al. 1996 cohort study men, women 1981 - 1987 England leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, female breast cancer and male breast cancer, cancer of colon, liver and other types of cancer, all cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Tynes T et al. 1996 cohort study women 1961 - 1991 Norway breast cancer RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Tynes T et al. 1994 cohort study men 1953 - 1991 Norway leukemia, brain tumor, male breast cancer, stomach, colon, rectum, pancreas, lung, prostate, kidney, bladder cancer, malignant melanoma electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Savitz DA et al. 1995 cohort study men 1950 - 1988 USA leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, male breast cancer, other cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Guenel P et al. 1993 cohort study men, women, 20–64 years 1970 - 1987 Denmark leukemia, brain tumor, female breast cancer and male breast cancer, melanoma electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Schreiber GH et al. 1993 cohort study men, women 1961 - 1987 Netherlands leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, stomach cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer ande other cancer types, all cancer, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, residential
Tynes T et al. 1992 cohort study men, ≥ 20 years 1961 - 1985 Norway leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, male breast cancer, cancer of pleura (mesothelioma), larynx, bladder, colon, stomach, liver and other organs; soft tissue sarkoma, all cancer Radio/TV transmitter, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, 16 2/3 Hz (train), occupational
Verkasalo PK et al. 1996 cohort study men, women, ≥ 20 years 1970 - 1989 Finland leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, rectum cancer, pancreas cancer, uterus cancer, prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer and other cancer types, all cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Matanoski GM et al. 1991 cohort study men 1976 - 1980 USA male breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Dosemeci M et al. 1994 cohort study women 1984 - 1989 USA leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, colon cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer ovary cancer and other cancer types electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Pollan M et al. 2001 cohort study men, 25–59 years 1971 - 1989 Sweden male breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Laden F et al. 2000 cohort study women 1976 - 1996 USA breast cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, personal