Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

509 studies in total
  1. 97 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 60 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 59 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Ahlbom A et al. 2000 pooled analysis children, 0–14 years different for each country Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, USA, UK acute lymphatic leukaemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Amoon AT et al. 2018 pooled analysis, case-control study children, 0–14 years 1960 - 2014 Brazil, USA; Denmark, France, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, UK childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Angelillo IF et al. 1999 meta-analysis children, 0–20 years - USA, England, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Germany, Denmark, Greece, and New Zealand childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Auger N et al. 2019 cohort study children, children in utero, ≥ 0 years 2006 - 2017 Canada childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, solide tumors power transmission line, electrical substation, 50/60 Hz, electric field, magnetic field, residential
Auvinen A et al. 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1989 - 1993 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Ba Hakim AS et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 2001 - May 2007 Malaysia acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Bianchi N et al. 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1992 Italy childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Bowman JD et al. 1995 case-control study, reanalysis children, 0–10 years not stated USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Bunch KJ et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other solid tumors magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Bunch KJ et al. 2015 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, underground cable, high-voltage direct current (HVDC), residential
Bunch KJ et al. 2016 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK lymphoid leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Coghill RW et al. 1996 case-control study children, 0–14 years April 1985 - March 1995 United Kingdom acute lymphocytic leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, other domestic appliance, residential
Crespi CM et al. 2016 case-control study children, 0–15 years 1986 - 2008 USA childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Crespi CM et al. 2019 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1986 - 2008 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, power transmission line, 50/60 Hz, residential
Dockerty JD et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1990 - 1993 New Zealand childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Dockerty JD et al. 1998 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1990 - 1993 New Zealand childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other solid cancers magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Does M et al. 2011 case-control study children, 0–8 years March 2002 - June 2007 USA childhood leukemia touch current, 50/60 Hz, residential
Draper G et al. 2005 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962-1995 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Feizi AA et al. 2007 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1998 - 2004 Iran, Tabriz acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Feychting M et al. 2000 cohort study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1993 Sweden childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Feychting M et al. 1995 pooled analysis children, 0–15 years 1960 - 1986 Sweden and Denmark leukaemia, malignant lymphoma, central nervous system tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Feychting M et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–15 years 1960 - 1985 Sweden childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, central nervous system tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Foliart DE et al. 2006 cohort study, prospective cohort study children, 1–15 years beginning in September 1996 - January 2001; event free time tracked until December 2004 USA acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, inhouse wiring, residential
Fulton JP et al. 1980 case-control study children, 0–20 years 1964 - 1978 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Green LM et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1985 - 1993 Canada childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Green LM et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1985 - 1993 Canada childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Greenland S et al. 2000 meta-analysis children, 0–14 years - USA, Canada, England, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Germany, Denmark, New Zealand, Mexico childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Grellier J et al. 2014 pooled analysis children, 0–14 years - - childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Hatch EE et al. 1998 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–14 years 1989 - 1993 USA acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, personal
Hug K et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1988 - June 1993, October 1992 - September 1994 Germany acute leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, CNS tumor, neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, bone tumor, and soft tissue sarcoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Infante-Rivard C et al. 2003 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–9 years 1980 - 1993 Canada childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Jackson JD 1992 - men, women, children 1969 - 1986 USA leukemia, lung cancer, all cancer, childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Jirik V et al. 2012 case-control study children, 0–14 years not stated Czech Republic childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Kabuto M et al. 2006 case-control study children, 0–15 years 1999-2001 Japan acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Keegan TJ et al. 2012 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–14 years 1962 - 2006 Great Britain total childhood leukemia, lymphoid leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, other types of leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Kheifets L et al. 2006 - children - Canada, USA, Japan, Korea, UK, Belgium, Germany childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Kheifets L et al. 2010 pooled analysis children, 0–15 years 1962 - 2009 Germany, Italy, UK, Japan, Australia, Brazil especially acute lympoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kheifets L et al. 2017 case-control study children, 0–16 years 1988 - 2008 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, low frequency, residential
Kleinerman RA et al. 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1989 - 1993 USA acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kraut A et al. 1994 - children 1970 - 1986 Canada childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kroll ME et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962-1995 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Leitgeb N 2014 pooled analysis children, 0–14 years - - childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line
Leitgeb N 2015 - children, 0–14 years - - childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Li CY et al. 1998 cohort study children, 0–14 years 1987 - 1992 Taiwan childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Lin RS et al. 1994 cohort study children, 0–14 years 1979 - 1988 Taiwan childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Linet MS et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1989 - 1994 USA acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
London SJ et al. 1991 case-control study children, 0–10 years 1980 - 1987 USA childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential
Malagoli C et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–13 years 1986 - 2007 Italy acute lymphoblastic leukemia, all types of leukemia, all malignant neoplasms of the lymphatic and hematopoietic tissue magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
McBride ML et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 1990 - December 1994, until June 1995 in British Columbia and Quebec Canada acute lymphatic leukemia and other types electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Meinert R et al. 1996 meta-analysis children, 0–19 years - USA, UK, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Greece, Mexico childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential