Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

509 studies in total
  1. 97 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 60 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 59 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Theriault G et al. 1997 meta-analysis men, women, children - - leukemia, childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Grellier J et al. 2014 pooled analysis children, 0–14 years - - childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Leitgeb N 2014 pooled analysis children, 0–14 years - - childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line
Leitgeb N 2015 - children, 0–14 years - - childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Wünsch Filho V et al. 2011 case-control study children, 0–8 years January 2003 - February 2009 Brazil acute lymphocytic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Amoon AT et al. 2018 pooled analysis, case-control study children, 0–14 years 1960 - 2014 Brazil, USA; Denmark, France, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, UK childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
McBride ML et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 1990 - December 1994, until June 1995 in British Columbia and Quebec Canada acute lymphatic leukemia and other types electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Green LM et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1985 - 1993 Canada childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Green LM et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1985 - 1993 Canada childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kraut A et al. 1994 - children 1970 - 1986 Canada childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Infante-Rivard C et al. 2003 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–9 years 1980 - 1993 Canada childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Auger N et al. 2019 cohort study children, children in utero, ≥ 0 years 2006 - 2017 Canada childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, solide tumors power transmission line, electrical substation, 50/60 Hz, electric field, magnetic field, residential
Ahlbom A et al. 2000 pooled analysis children, 0–14 years different for each country Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, USA, UK acute lymphatic leukaemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Schüz J et al. 2012 pooled analysis children, 1–14 years different in each country, starting in 1988 Canada, Denmark, Germany, New Zealand, Sweden, USA, UK, Japan childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Schüz J et al. 2007 pooled analysis children, 0–16 years 1988 - 1996 Canada, Germany, United Kingdom, USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kheifets L et al. 2006 - children - Canada, USA, Japan, Korea, UK, Belgium, Germany childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Jirik V et al. 2012 case-control study children, 0–14 years not stated Czech Republic childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Olsen J et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–14 years April 1968 - December 1986 Denmark childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, tumor of the central nervous system, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Pedersen C et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1968 - 2006 Denmark childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, underground cable, electrical substation, residential
Pedersen C et al. 2015 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1968 - 2003 Denmark childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, underground cable, electrical substation, residential
Verkasalo PK et al. 1993 cohort study children, 0–19 years 1970 - 1989 Finland childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, central nervous system tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Talibov M et al. 2019 pooled analysis, meta-analysis children, children in utero, 0–14 years 1989 - 2011 Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, New Zealand, UK, USA acute lymphatic leukemia (B- and T-cell lineages), acute myeloid leukemia magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Sermage-Faure C et al. 2013 case-control study children, 0–14 years 2002 - 2007 France acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Michaelis J et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1988 - June 1993 Germany childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Michaelis J et al. 1998 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1988 - June 1993 in Lower Saxony, January 1991 - September 1994 in Berlin Germany acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Hug K et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1988 - June 1993, October 1992 - September 1994 Germany acute leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, CNS tumor, neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, bone tumor, and soft tissue sarcoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Kheifets L et al. 2010 pooled analysis children, 0–15 years 1962 - 2009 Germany, Italy, UK, Japan, Australia, Brazil especially acute lympoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Keegan TJ et al. 2012 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–14 years 1962 - 2006 Great Britain total childhood leukemia, lymphoid leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, other types of leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Petridou E et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1993 - 1994 Greece childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Petridou E et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1987 - June 1991 Greece childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Petridou E et al. 1993 - children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1989 Greece childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, inhouse wiring, personal
Sohrabi MR et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–18 years January 2009 - May 2009 Iran acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Tabrizi MM et al. 2015 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–11 years 2013 - 2014 Iran acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Tabrizi MM et al. 2015 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–11 years not stated Iran acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Feizi AA et al. 2007 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1998 - 2004 Iran, Tabriz acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Bianchi N et al. 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1992 Italy childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Malagoli C et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–13 years 1986 - 2007 Italy acute lymphoblastic leukemia, all types of leukemia, all malignant neoplasms of the lymphatic and hematopoietic tissue magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Salvan A et al. 2015 case-control study children, 0–10 years 1998 - 2001 Italy childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Mizoue T et al. 2004 - children, 0–14 years 1992 - 2001 Japan childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kabuto M et al. 2006 case-control study children, 0–15 years 1999-2001 Japan acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Rahman HIA et al. 2008 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 2001 - May 2007 Malaysia acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Ba Hakim AS et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 2001 - May 2007 Malaysia acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Mejia-Arangure JM et al. 2007 case-control study children, 0–16 years 1995 - 2003 Mexico acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Núñez-Enríquez JC et al. 2020 case-control study children, 0–15 years 2010 - 2011 Mexico B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Dockerty JD et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1990 - 1993 New Zealand childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Dockerty JD et al. 1998 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1990 - 1993 New Zealand childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other solid cancers magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Tynes T et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1965 - 1989 Norway childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer, all childhood cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Smulevich VB et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1986 - 1988 Russia leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer radar, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Feychting M et al. 2000 cohort study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1993 Sweden childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Feychting M et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–15 years 1960 - 1985 Sweden childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, central nervous system tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential