Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

509 studies in total
  1. 97 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 60 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 59 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Swanson J et al. 2018 reanalysis, case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, magnetic field, residential
Sorahan T et al. 1999 case-control study children in utero, 0–15 years 1953 - 1981 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Swanson J et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer electric field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF, co-exposure
Petridou E et al. 1993 - children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1989 Greece childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, inhouse wiring, personal
Pearce MS et al. 2007 case-control study men, women, children, 0–25 years 1968 - 2000 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, retinoblastoma, renal tumor, hepatic tumor, malignant bone tumor, soft tissue sarcoma, germ cell neoplasm electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Coghill RW et al. 1996 case-control study children, 0–14 years April 1985 - March 1995 United Kingdom acute lymphocytic leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, other domestic appliance, residential
Green LM et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1985 - 1993 Canada childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
London SJ et al. 1991 case-control study children, 0–10 years 1980 - 1987 USA childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential
Jackson JD 1992 - men, women, children 1969 - 1986 USA leukemia, lung cancer, all cancer, childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
McBride ML et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 1990 - December 1994, until June 1995 in British Columbia and Quebec Canada acute lymphatic leukemia and other types electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Tynes T et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1965 - 1989 Norway childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer, all childhood cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kraut A et al. 1994 - children 1970 - 1986 Canada childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Savitz DA et al. 1988 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 1976 - December 1983 USA childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, solid tissue tumors and other cancers, all childhood cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Petridou E et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1993 - 1994 Greece childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kheifets L et al. 2006 - children - Canada, USA, Japan, Korea, UK, Belgium, Germany childhood leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Zhang Y et al. 2016 meta-analysis men, women, children 1960 - 2009 USA, Canada, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, France, Italy, Germany, UK, Japan, China, New Zealand, Brazil, Iran leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, other cancer, childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz
Savitz DA et al. 1990 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1983 USA childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, personal
Hatch EE et al. 1998 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–14 years 1989 - 1993 USA acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, personal
Foliart DE et al. 2006 cohort study, prospective cohort study children, 1–15 years beginning in September 1996 - January 2001; event free time tracked until December 2004 USA acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, inhouse wiring, residential
Feychting M et al. 2000 cohort study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1993 Sweden childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Infante-Rivard C et al. 2003 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–9 years 1980 - 1993 Canada childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Hug K et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1988 - June 1993, October 1992 - September 1994 Germany acute leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, CNS tumor, neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, bone tumor, and soft tissue sarcoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Su L et al. 2016 meta-analysis men, women, children, children in utero, 0–30 years 1953 - 2006 Sweden, Spain, UK, Germany, Russia, Canada, China, Taiwan, Australia childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Keegan TJ et al. 2012 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–14 years 1962 - 2006 Great Britain total childhood leukemia, lymphoid leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, other types of leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Leitgeb N 2014 pooled analysis children, 0–14 years - - childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line
Petridou E et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1987 - June 1991 Greece childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Dockerty JD et al. 1998 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1990 - 1993 New Zealand childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other solid cancers magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Michaelis J et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1988 - June 1993 Germany childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Michaelis J et al. 1998 case-control study children, 0–14 years July 1988 - June 1993 in Lower Saxony, January 1991 - September 1994 in Berlin Germany acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 01/1991 - 12/1994 in Scotland, 4/1992 - 12/1994 in Wales and England, 1995 for leukemia and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 1996 for leukemia UK acute lymphoblastic leukemia, total leukemia, cancer of central nervous system, other malignant diseases magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Schüz J et al. 2001 case-control study children, 0–14 years a) October 1992 - September 1994, b) January 1990 - September 1994 West Germany acute leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Jirik V et al. 2012 case-control study children, 0–14 years not stated Czech Republic childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential
Milham S et al. 2001 - children, 0–4 years 1920 - 1960 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, inhouse wiring, residential, personal
Kheifets L et al. 2017 case-control study children, 0–16 years 1988 - 2008 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, low frequency, residential
Dockerty JD et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1990 - 1993 New Zealand childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Myers A et al. 1990 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1970 - 1979 UK childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Fulton JP et al. 1980 case-control study children, 0–20 years 1964 - 1978 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Olsen J et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–14 years April 1968 - December 1986 Denmark childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, tumor of the central nervous system, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Wertheimer N et al. 1979 case-control study children, 0–18 years 1950 - 1973 USA childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Green LM et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1985 - 1993 Canada childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Savitz DA et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1983 USA leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, soft tissue sarcoma, and other types, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Feychting M et al. 1995 pooled analysis children, 0–15 years 1960 - 1986 Sweden and Denmark leukaemia, malignant lymphoma, central nervous system tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Miller MA et al. 1995 meta-analysis men, women, children, 0–79 years - USA, Sweden, UK, leukemia and lymphoma, all cancer, childhood leukemia, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Linet MS et al. 1997 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1989 - 1994 USA acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Lin RS et al. 1994 cohort study children, 0–14 years 1979 - 1988 Taiwan childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Li CY et al. 1998 cohort study children, 0–14 years 1987 - 1992 Taiwan childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Feychting M et al. 1993 case-control study children, 0–15 years 1960 - 1985 Sweden childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, central nervous system tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Meinert R et al. 1996 meta-analysis children, 0–19 years - USA, UK, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Greece, Mexico childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer, all childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Thomas DC et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–10 years 1980 - 1987 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kleinerman RA et al. 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1989 - 1993 USA acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential