Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

511 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 61 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Verkasalo PK et al. 1993 cohort study children, 0–19 years 1970 - 1989 Finland childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, central nervous system tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Ahlbom A et al. 2000 pooled analysis children, 0–14 years different for each country Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, USA, UK acute lymphatic leukaemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Greenland S et al. 2000 meta-analysis children, 0–14 years - USA, Canada, England, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Germany, Denmark, New Zealand, Mexico childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Auvinen A et al. 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1989 - 1993 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Bianchi N et al. 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1976 - 1992 Italy childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators 2000 case-control study children, 0–14 years 01/1991 - 12/1994 in Scotland, 4/1992 - 12/1994 in Wales and England, 1995 for leukemia and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 1996 for leukemia UK acute lymphoblastic leukemia, total leukemia, cancer of central nervous system, other malignant disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Angelillo IF et al. 1999 meta-analysis children, 0–20 years - USA, England, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Germany, Denmark, Greece, and New Zealand childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Wartenberg D 1998 meta-analysis children - USA, Taiwan, Australia, Mexico, Sweden, UK, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Netherlands, Greece childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Skinner J et al. 2002 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1992 - 1996 UK acute lymphoblastic leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Mizoue T et al. 2004 - children, 0–14 years 1992 - 2001 Japan childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Theriault G et al. 1997 meta-analysis men, women, children - - leukemia, childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Draper G et al. 2005 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962-1995 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kabuto M et al. 2006 case-control study children, 0–15 years 1999-2001 Japan acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Mejia-Arangure JM et al. 2007 case-control study children, 0–16 years 1995 - 2003 Mexico acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Feizi AA et al. 2007 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1998 - 2004 Iran, Tabriz acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Svendsen AL et al. 2007 cohort study children, 1–14 years July 1988 - June 1993 (Lower Saxony), January 1991 - September 1994 (Berlin), January 1990 - September 1994 (West Germany) West-Germany acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Schüz J et al. 2007 pooled analysis children, 0–16 years 1988 - 1996 Canada, Germany, United Kingdom, USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Malagoli C et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–13 years 1986 - 2007 Italy acute lymphoblastic leukemia, all types of leukemia, all malignant neoplasms of the lymphatic and hematopoietic tissue magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kheifets L et al. 2010 pooled analysis children, 0–15 years 1962 - 2009 Germany, Italy, UK, Japan, Australia, Brazil especially acute lympoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kroll ME et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962-1995 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Sohrabi MR et al. 2010 case-control study children, 0–18 years January 2009 - May 2009 Iran acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Wünsch Filho V et al. 2011 case-control study children, 0–8 years January 2003 - February 2009 Brazil acute lymphocytic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Schüz J et al. 2012 pooled analysis children, 1–14 years different in each country, starting in 1988 Canada, Denmark, Germany, New Zealand, Sweden, USA, UK, Japan childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Sermage-Faure C et al. 2013 case-control study children, 0–14 years 2002 - 2007 France acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Grellier J et al. 2014 pooled analysis children, 0–14 years - - childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Zhao L et al. 2014 meta-analysis children, 0–15 years 1962 - 2007 USA, Canada, UK, Germany, Italy, Japan, New Zealand all childhood leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Bunch KJ et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other solid tumors magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Salvan A et al. 2015 case-control study children, 0–10 years 1998 - 2001 Italy childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Ba Hakim AS et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 2001 - May 2007 Malaysia acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Leitgeb N 2015 - children, 0–14 years - - childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Crespi CM et al. 2016 case-control study children, 0–15 years 1986 - 2008 USA childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Bunch KJ et al. 2016 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK lymphoid leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Amoon AT et al. 2018 pooled analysis, case-control study children, 0–14 years 1960 - 2014 Brazil, USA; Denmark, France, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Australia, UK childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Swanson J et al. 2019 meta-analysis children, 0–14 years - USA, Canada, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Mexico, Taiwan, Germany, Greece, New Zealand, Italy, UK, Japan, China, Iran, Brazil, Czech Republic, France, Malaysia childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Rahman HIA et al. 2008 case-control study children, 0–14 years January 2001 - May 2007 Malaysia acute leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Tabrizi MM et al. 2015 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–11 years 2013 - 2014 Iran acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Tabrizi MM et al. 2015 case-control study children, children in utero, 0–11 years not stated Iran acute lymphoblastic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Pedersen C et al. 2014 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1968 - 2006 Denmark childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, underground cable, electrical substation, residential
Pedersen C et al. 2015 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1968 - 2003 Denmark childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, underground cable, electrical substation, residential
Núñez-Enríquez JC et al. 2020 case-control study children, 0–15 years 2010 - 2011 Mexico B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Talibov M et al. 2019 pooled analysis, meta-analysis children, children in utero, 0–14 years 1989 - 2011 Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, New Zealand, UK, USA acute lymphatic leukemia (B- and T-cell lineages), acute myeloid leukemia magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Seomun G et al. 2021 meta-analysis children, 0–19 years 1960 - 2009 UK, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Italy, New Zealand, Canada, USA, Japan, Iran, Brazil, Czech Republic, Malaysia childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, low frequency, power transmission line, 50/60 Hz
Crespi CM et al. 2019 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1986 - 2008 USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, power transmission line, 50/60 Hz, residential
Bunch KJ et al. 2015 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1962 - 2008 UK childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor, other childhood cancer magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, underground cable, high-voltage direct current (HVDC), residential
Bowman JD et al. 1995 case-control study, reanalysis children, 0–10 years not stated USA childhood leukemia magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Auger N et al. 2019 cohort study children, children in utero, ≥ 0 years 2006 - 2017 Canada childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, solide tumors power transmission line, electrical substation, 50/60 Hz, electric field, magnetic field, residential
Smulevich VB et al. 1999 case-control study children, 0–14 years 1986 - 1988 Russia leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, childhood brain/CNS tumor, all childhood cancer radar, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Does M et al. 2011 case-control study children, 0–8 years March 2002 - June 2007 USA childhood leukemia touch current, 50/60 Hz, residential