Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

511 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 61 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Suri S et al. 2020 cross-sectional study men, 20–50 years not stated Iran reproductive hormones: testosterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, low frequency, occupational
Bagheri Hosseinabadi M et al. 2020 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran burnout syndrome and depression; oxidative stress markers (SOD, catalase, total antioxidant capacity, malondialdehyde) magnetic field, electric field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Li DK et al. 2020 cohort study children, children in utero, 0–20 years 1997 - 2017 USA attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), immun-related comorbidities of asthma or atopic dermatitis magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, intermediate frequency, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, low frequency, personal, residential
Hosseinabadi MB et al. 2019 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran stress, depression and anxiety, subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Sudan M et al. 2017 cohort study women, children in utero 1996 - 2002 Denmark asthma 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, magnetic field, residential
Ghadamgahi M et al. 2016 cross-sectional study children, 10–12 years 2014 Iran working memory function magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation
Wang Z et al. 2016 cross-sectional study men, women, 22–60 years August - September 2011 China serum lipids (total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational, residential, personal
Wang Z et al. 2016 cross-sectional study men, 22–60 years August 2010 - September 2010 China plasma hormones (testosterone, estradiol and melatonin) and inflammatory pathway biomarkers (NF-kB, HSP70, HSP27 and TET1) mobile phone, mobile communications, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, residential, personal
Zarei S et al. 2015 case-control study children, children in utero, 3–5 years 2014 Iran speech problems mobile phone, mobile phone base station, mobile communications, cordless phone, W-LAN/WiFi, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance
Li L et al. 2015 cross-sectional study men, women, ≥ 18 years not stated China oxidative stress: plasma total antioxidant capacity, glutathione peroxidase activity, superoxide dismutase enyzme activity, plasma malondialdehyde concentration, micronucleus cell frequency and micronuclei frequency magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Su XJ et al. 2014 cross-sectional study women, children in utero, 18–35 years 2009 - 2010 China embryonic development: length, width, and height of the embryonic sac and the length of the embryonic bud, apoptosis in decidua magnetic field, intermediate frequency, 50/60 Hz, personal
Monazzam MR et al. 2014 - men not stated Iran sleep quality, health status magnetic field, electrical substation, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Davanipour Z et al. 2014 cohort study men, women, ≥ 65 years 1993 - 1994 USA severe cognitive dysfunction magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Li L et al. 2014 - men, women, 23–50 years not stated China neurobehavior: memory recognition accuracy, visual discrimination, short-term memory, cognitive performance magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
van Dongen D et al. 2014 cross-sectional study men, women, 18–87 years - Netherlands self-reported non-specific symptoms (e.g., headache, fatigue, back pain, nausea, dizziness, tingling, palpitation), risk perception of EMF in general and of different EMF sources, attribution of symptoms to possible causes, including EMF mobile phone, mobile phone base station, GSM, UMTS, mobile communications, DECT, microw. oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Tiwari R et al. 2013 - men, 20–58 years not stated India melatonin level in plasma, oxidative stress parameters: malondialdehyde level in plasma (lipid peroxidation), nitric oxide level in serum, enzyme activities of antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase) in erythrocyte suspension magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Huang J et al. 2013 cross-sectional study children, 9–13 years 2011 China neurobehavioral function electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Koeman T et al. 2013 cohort study men, women, 55–69 years 1986, followed-up until 1996 The Netherlands total cardiovascular diseases, ischaemic heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, subacute and chronic ischaemic heart diseases, other cardiac diseases, arrhythmias, atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Li DK et al. 2012 cohort study children in utero, 0–13 years 1996 - August 2010 USA childhood obesity magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Grell K et al. 2012 cohort study men, women, children, 0–85 years April 1968 - December 2008 (except 1999) Denmark Alzheimer disease, vascular dementia, Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, neurological diseases: migraine, epilepsy, vertigo, peripheral nerve diseases touch current, 50/60 Hz, occupational, personal, electric injuries/electrocution
Li DK et al. 2011 cohort study, prospective cohort study children in utero, 0–13 years 1996 - August 2010 USA asthma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Zamanian Z et al. 2010 cross-sectional study men 2008 - 2009 Iran mental disorders, anxiety symptoms, depression, social disfunction, somatisation magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Johansson A et al. 2010 cross-sectional study men, women December 2005 - April 2006 Sweden sleep disturbances, dizziness, discomfort, concentration, memory loss, fatigue, headaches, warmth behind/around ear, warmth on ear, burning skin, tingling/tightness, tinnitus, numbness, anxiety, depression, somatization, exhaustion and stress mobile phone, mobile communications, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, personal
Fazzo L et al. 2009 cohort study men, women 1954 - 2003, follow-up January 1998 - December 2003 Italy leukemia and lymphoma, primary malignant neoplasms, neoplasms of the digestive organs, pancreas, thyroid gland, secondary and unspecified neoplasms, benign neoplasms, neurodegenerative diseases, ischaemic heart diseases, complications of pregnancy, perinatal diseases, disorders of thyroid gland magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Cooper AR et al. 2009 cohort study men, women 1980 - 1989 USA acute myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, arrhythmia- and atherosclerosis-related deaths magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Yang Y et al. 2008 - children, 0–14 years May 2006 - August 2007 China DNA repair genes (hMLH1, APEX1, MGMT, XRCC1 and XPD) microw. oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Israel M et al. 2007 case-control study men, women not stated Bulgaria cardiovascular risk factors: arterial blood pressure, lipid profile 2.45 GHz, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF, therapeutic/medical device
Foliart DE et al. 2007 cohort study children, 1–15 years September 1996 - January 2001 USA cytogenetic factors (DNA index, translocation, trisomy, white blood cell count, initial platelet count, mediastinal mass, race) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Zahiroddin AR et al. 2006 case-control study men, ≥ 18 years 2004 Iran mental health status magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Fadel RA et al. 2006 cross-sectional study children, 0–12 years not stated Egypt growth, carpal bone ossification magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Yamazaki S et al. 2006 cross-sectional study women, 25–53 years 2001 Japan mental health magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Nichols L et al. 2005 cohort study men, women 1973 - 2002 UK leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, female breast cancer and male breast cancer, oesophagus cancer, stomach cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer and other cancer types, all cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, suicide and depression, other diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Carlsson F et al. 2005 survey men, women November 1999- April 2000 Sweden attribution of annoyance to electrical devices, chemicals and smells magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Mezei G et al. 2005 case-control study men, women 1986 - 1993 USA mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Yousefi HA et al. 2004 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran mental disorders (e.g., depression, anxiety, phobia, psychosis) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Sorahan T et al. 2004 cohort study men, women 1973 ¿ 1997 UK cardiovascular diseases magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Ahlbom A et al. 2004 case-control study men, 45–70 years 1992 - 1993 Sweden acute myocardial infarction magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Fritschi L et al. 2004 cohort study men, women 1988 - 1999 Australia mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Hakansson N et al. 2003 cohort study men, women, 15–81 years 1967/1973 - 1996 Sweden acute myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, arrhythmia magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Sahl J et al. 2002 cohort study men 1960 - 1992 USA acute myocardial infarction, chronic coronary heart disease, arrhythmia, atherosclerosis magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Johansen C et al. 2002 cohort study men 1982 - 2000 Denmark cardiac arrhythmia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Järvholm B et al. 2002 cohort study men 1971 - 1992 Sweden suicide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Li CY et al. 2002 case-control study men, women, ≥ 65 years 1993 - 1997 Taiwan cognitive impairment magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational, residential
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2001 cohort study men 1950 - 1986 USA leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, lung cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer, bladder cancer, melanoma, all cancer, cardiovascular diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Beale IL et al. 2001 cross-sectional study men, women not stated New Zealand health problems magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Prasad SK et al. 2001 survey men, 25–45 years not stated India fertility, eye irritation, general health status magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, high volt./current device/welder, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2000 case-control study men 1950 - 1986 USA suicide magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2000 case-control study men 1950 - 1986 USA suicide magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Robinson CF et al. 1999 cohort study men 1982 - 1987 USA mortality electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Savitz DA et al. 1999 cohort study men 1950 - 1988 USA arrhythmia, acute myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, chronic/subchronic coronary heart disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational