Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

511 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 61 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Reichmanis M et al. 1979 - men, women, ≥ 15 years 1969 - 1976 UK suicide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Perry FS et al. 1981 - men, women, ≥ 15 years 1969 - 1976 UK siuzide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Eckert EE 1976 - children, 0–one year 1961 - 1967 Germany sudden infant death electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, 16 2/3 Hz (train), residential
Yang Y et al. 2008 - children, 0–14 years May 2006 - August 2007 China DNA repair genes (hMLH1, APEX1, MGMT, XRCC1 and XPD) microw. oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Li L et al. 2014 - men, women, 23–50 years not stated China neurobehavior: memory recognition accuracy, visual discrimination, short-term memory, cognitive performance magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Monazzam MR et al. 2014 - men not stated Iran sleep quality, health status magnetic field, electrical substation, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Tiwari R et al. 2013 - men, 20–58 years not stated India melatonin level in plasma, oxidative stress parameters: malondialdehyde level in plasma (lipid peroxidation), nitric oxide level in serum, enzyme activities of antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase) in erythrocyte suspension magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Kouwenhoven WB et al. 1967 - men, 30–47 years 1962 - 1966 USA health status electric field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational
Singewald ML et al. 1973 - men, 30–56 years 1962 - 1972 USA health status electric field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational
Perry S et al. 1988 - - - - - magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, inhouse wiring, residential
Knave B et al. 1979 case-control study men 1974 - 1976 Sweden health status: examination of the nervous system (neurasthenic symptoms, psychological tests, EEG), the cardiovascular system (symptoms, blood pressure, ECG), and the blood (hemoglobin, red blood cells, reticulocytes, white blood cells, thrombocytes, sedimentation rate). electric field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2000 case-control study men 1950 - 1986 USA suicide magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2000 case-control study men 1950 - 1986 USA suicide magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Li CY et al. 2002 case-control study men, women, ≥ 65 years 1993 - 1997 Taiwan cognitive impairment magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational, residential
Perry S et al. 1989 case-control study men, women 1985 UK myocardial infarction, depressive illness magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Boos SR et al. 1985 case-control study men, women, 19–64 years not stated Sweden eye discomfort, eye diseases (strabism, eye injury, cataract, glaucoma), pathological lens changes, refractive power, use of glasses, intraocular pressure magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational
Ahlbom A et al. 2004 case-control study men, 45–70 years 1992 - 1993 Sweden acute myocardial infarction magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Mezei G et al. 2005 case-control study men, women 1986 - 1993 USA mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Israel M et al. 2007 case-control study men, women not stated Bulgaria cardiovascular risk factors: arterial blood pressure, lipid profile 2.45 GHz, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF, therapeutic/medical device
Bergdahl J 1995 case-control study men, women, 30–56 years not stated Sweden electromagnetic hypersensitivity, psychological characteristics electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Zahiroddin AR et al. 2006 case-control study men, ≥ 18 years 2004 Iran mental health status magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Zarei S et al. 2015 case-control study children, children in utero, 3–5 years 2014 Iran speech problems mobile phone, mobile phone base station, mobile communications, cordless phone, W-LAN/WiFi, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance
Baris D et al. 1990 cohort study men 1970 - 1972, 1979 - 1983 UK suicide and depression electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational
Baroncelli P et al. 1986 cohort study men not stated Italy general medical examination, laboratory tests, and tests of the central nervous system, the cardiovascular system, and the hemopoietic system electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Milham Jr S 1985 cohort study men, ≥ 20 years 1950 - 1982 USA mortality electric field, magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Johansen C et al. 1998 cohort study men, ≥ 18 years 1900 - 1993 Denmark amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other neurologic diseases, suicide and depression, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, electric injuries/electrocution
Verkasalo PK et al. 1997 cohort study men, women 1970 - 1989 Finland depression magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Savitz DA et al. 1999 cohort study men 1950 - 1988 USA arrhythmia, acute myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, chronic/subchronic coronary heart disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Baris D et al. 1996 cohort study men 1970 - 1988 Canada suicide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Robinson CF et al. 1999 cohort study men 1982 - 1987 USA mortality electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Baris D et al. 1996 cohort study men 1970 - 1988 Canada mortality PW pulsed wave, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Moen BE et al. 1996 cohort study men 1986 - 1991 Norway musculoskeletal disorders magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, occupational
Savitz DA et al. 1994 cohort study men not stated USA depression electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Schreiber GH et al. 1993 cohort study men, women 1961 - 1987 Netherlands leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, stomach cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer ande other cancer types, all cancer, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, residential
Moen BE et al. 1995 cohort study men 1986 - 1991 Norway pain and discomfort from the arms, neck, shoulders, back, hips, and legs magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, occupational
Järvholm B et al. 2002 cohort study men 1971 - 1992 Sweden suicide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Johansen C et al. 2002 cohort study men 1982 - 2000 Denmark cardiac arrhythmia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Sahl J et al. 2002 cohort study men 1960 - 1992 USA acute myocardial infarction, chronic coronary heart disease, arrhythmia, atherosclerosis magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2001 cohort study men 1950 - 1986 USA leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, lung cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer, bladder cancer, melanoma, all cancer, cardiovascular diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Hakansson N et al. 2003 cohort study men, women, 15–81 years 1967/1973 - 1996 Sweden acute myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, arrhythmia magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Fritschi L et al. 2004 cohort study men, women 1988 - 1999 Australia mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Foliart DE et al. 2007 cohort study children, 1–15 years September 1996 - January 2001 USA cytogenetic factors (DNA index, translocation, trisomy, white blood cell count, initial platelet count, mediastinal mass, race) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Cooper AR et al. 2009 cohort study men, women 1980 - 1989 USA acute myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, arrhythmia- and atherosclerosis-related deaths magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Sorahan T et al. 2004 cohort study men, women 1973 ¿ 1997 UK cardiovascular diseases magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Fazzo L et al. 2009 cohort study men, women 1954 - 2003, follow-up January 1998 - December 2003 Italy leukemia and lymphoma, primary malignant neoplasms, neoplasms of the digestive organs, pancreas, thyroid gland, secondary and unspecified neoplasms, benign neoplasms, neurodegenerative diseases, ischaemic heart diseases, complications of pregnancy, perinatal diseases, disorders of thyroid gland magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Olin R et al. 1985 cohort study men 1930 - 1979 Sweden malignant melanoma, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational
Grell K et al. 2012 cohort study men, women, children, 0–85 years April 1968 - December 2008 (except 1999) Denmark Alzheimer disease, vascular dementia, Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, neurological diseases: migraine, epilepsy, vertigo, peripheral nerve diseases touch current, 50/60 Hz, occupational, personal, electric injuries/electrocution
Li DK et al. 2012 cohort study children in utero, 0–13 years 1996 - August 2010 USA childhood obesity magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Nichols L et al. 2005 cohort study men, women 1973 - 2002 UK leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, female breast cancer and male breast cancer, oesophagus cancer, stomach cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer and other cancer types, all cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, suicide and depression, other diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Koeman T et al. 2013 cohort study men, women, 55–69 years 1986, followed-up until 1996 The Netherlands total cardiovascular diseases, ischaemic heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, subacute and chronic ischaemic heart diseases, other cardiac diseases, arrhythmias, atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational