Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

511 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 61 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
McDowall ME 1986 cross-sectional study men, women 1971 - 1983 UK mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, residential
Fritschi L et al. 2004 cohort study men, women 1988 - 1999 Australia mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Mezei G et al. 2005 case-control study men, women 1986 - 1993 USA mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Moen BE et al. 1996 cohort study men 1986 - 1991 Norway musculoskeletal disorders magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, occupational
Perry S et al. 1989 case-control study men, women 1985 UK myocardial infarction, depressive illness magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Li L et al. 2014 - men, women, 23–50 years not stated China neurobehavior: memory recognition accuracy, visual discrimination, short-term memory, cognitive performance magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Huang J et al. 2013 cross-sectional study children, 9–13 years 2011 China neurobehavioral function electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Li L et al. 2015 cross-sectional study men, women, ≥ 18 years not stated China oxidative stress: plasma total antioxidant capacity, glutathione peroxidase activity, superoxide dismutase enyzme activity, plasma malondialdehyde concentration, micronucleus cell frequency and micronuclei frequency magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Moen BE et al. 1995 cohort study men 1986 - 1991 Norway pain and discomfort from the arms, neck, shoulders, back, hips, and legs magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, occupational
Wang Z et al. 2016 cross-sectional study men, 22–60 years August 2010 - September 2010 China plasma hormones (testosterone, estradiol and melatonin) and inflammatory pathway biomarkers (NF-kB, HSP70, HSP27 and TET1) mobile phone, mobile communications, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, residential, personal
Beale IL et al. 1997 cross-sectional study men, women, 18–70 years not stated New Zealand psychological and mental health status (somatic symptoms, anxiety, social dysfunction, major depression), self-rated general health status over the past 6 months magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Suri S et al. 2020 cross-sectional study men, 20–50 years not stated Iran reproductive hormones: testosterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, low frequency, occupational
van Dongen D et al. 2014 cross-sectional study men, women, 18–87 years - Netherlands self-reported non-specific symptoms (e.g., headache, fatigue, back pain, nausea, dizziness, tingling, palpitation), risk perception of EMF in general and of different EMF sources, attribution of symptoms to possible causes, including EMF mobile phone, mobile phone base station, GSM, UMTS, mobile communications, DECT, microw. oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Wang Z et al. 2016 cross-sectional study men, women, 22–60 years August - September 2011 China serum lipids (total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational, residential, personal
Davanipour Z et al. 2014 cohort study men, women, ≥ 65 years 1993 - 1994 USA severe cognitive dysfunction magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Perry FS et al. 1981 - men, women, ≥ 15 years 1969 - 1976 UK siuzide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Johansson A et al. 2010 cross-sectional study men, women December 2005 - April 2006 Sweden sleep disturbances, dizziness, discomfort, concentration, memory loss, fatigue, headaches, warmth behind/around ear, warmth on ear, burning skin, tingling/tightness, tinnitus, numbness, anxiety, depression, somatization, exhaustion and stress mobile phone, mobile communications, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, personal
Monazzam MR et al. 2014 - men not stated Iran sleep quality, health status magnetic field, electrical substation, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Zarei S et al. 2015 case-control study children, children in utero, 3–5 years 2014 Iran speech problems mobile phone, mobile phone base station, mobile communications, cordless phone, W-LAN/WiFi, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance
Hosseinabadi MB et al. 2019 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran stress, depression and anxiety, subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Eckert EE 1976 - children, 0–one year 1961 - 1967 Germany sudden infant death electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, 16 2/3 Hz (train), residential
Reichmanis M et al. 1979 - men, women, ≥ 15 years 1969 - 1976 UK suicide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Baris D et al. 1996 cohort study men 1970 - 1988 Canada suicide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2000 case-control study men 1950 - 1986 USA suicide magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2000 case-control study men 1950 - 1986 USA suicide magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Järvholm B et al. 2002 cohort study men 1971 - 1992 Sweden suicide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Baris D et al. 1990 cohort study men 1970 - 1972, 1979 - 1983 UK suicide and depression electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational
Koeman T et al. 2013 cohort study men, women, 55–69 years 1986, followed-up until 1996 The Netherlands total cardiovascular diseases, ischaemic heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, subacute and chronic ischaemic heart diseases, other cardiac diseases, arrhythmias, atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Ghadamgahi M et al. 2016 cross-sectional study children, 10–12 years 2014 Iran working memory function magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation