Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

511 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 61 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Cooper AR et al. 2009 cohort study men, women 1980 - 1989 USA acute myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, arrhythmia- and atherosclerosis-related deaths magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Sorahan T et al. 2004 cohort study men, women 1973 ¿ 1997 UK cardiovascular diseases magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Fazzo L et al. 2009 cohort study men, women 1954 - 2003, follow-up January 1998 - December 2003 Italy leukemia and lymphoma, primary malignant neoplasms, neoplasms of the digestive organs, pancreas, thyroid gland, secondary and unspecified neoplasms, benign neoplasms, neurodegenerative diseases, ischaemic heart diseases, complications of pregnancy, perinatal diseases, disorders of thyroid gland magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Johansson A et al. 2010 cross-sectional study men, women December 2005 - April 2006 Sweden sleep disturbances, dizziness, discomfort, concentration, memory loss, fatigue, headaches, warmth behind/around ear, warmth on ear, burning skin, tingling/tightness, tinnitus, numbness, anxiety, depression, somatization, exhaustion and stress mobile phone, mobile communications, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, personal
Nichols L et al. 2005 cohort study men, women 1973 - 2002 UK leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, female breast cancer and male breast cancer, oesophagus cancer, stomach cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer and other cancer types, all cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, suicide and depression, other diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Hakansson N et al. 2003 cohort study men, women, 15–81 years 1967/1973 - 1996 Sweden acute myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, arrhythmia magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Beale IL et al. 1997 cross-sectional study men, women, 18–70 years not stated New Zealand psychological and mental health status (somatic symptoms, anxiety, social dysfunction, major depression), self-rated general health status over the past 6 months magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
van Dongen D et al. 2014 cross-sectional study men, women, 18–87 years - Netherlands self-reported non-specific symptoms (e.g., headache, fatigue, back pain, nausea, dizziness, tingling, palpitation), risk perception of EMF in general and of different EMF sources, attribution of symptoms to possible causes, including EMF mobile phone, mobile phone base station, GSM, UMTS, mobile communications, DECT, microw. oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Boos SR et al. 1985 case-control study men, women, 19–64 years not stated Sweden eye discomfort, eye diseases (strabism, eye injury, cataract, glaucoma), pathological lens changes, refractive power, use of glasses, intraocular pressure magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational
Poole C et al. 1993 survey men, women, 20–69 years November1987 USA depressive symptoms and headaches magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Wang Z et al. 2016 cross-sectional study men, women, 22–60 years August - September 2011 China serum lipids (total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational, residential, personal
Li L et al. 2014 - men, women, 23–50 years not stated China neurobehavior: memory recognition accuracy, visual discrimination, short-term memory, cognitive performance magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Bergdahl J 1995 case-control study men, women, 30–56 years not stated Sweden electromagnetic hypersensitivity, psychological characteristics electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Koeman T et al. 2013 cohort study men, women, 55–69 years 1986, followed-up until 1996 The Netherlands total cardiovascular diseases, ischaemic heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, subacute and chronic ischaemic heart diseases, other cardiac diseases, arrhythmias, atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Grell K et al. 2012 cohort study men, women, children, 0–85 years April 1968 - December 2008 (except 1999) Denmark Alzheimer disease, vascular dementia, Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, neurological diseases: migraine, epilepsy, vertigo, peripheral nerve diseases touch current, 50/60 Hz, occupational, personal, electric injuries/electrocution
Li DK et al. 2020 cohort study men, women, children, children in utero, 0–20 years 1997 - 2017 USA attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), immun-related comorbidities of asthma or atopic dermatitis magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, intermediate frequency, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, low frequency, personal, residential
Reichmanis M et al. 1979 - men, women, ≥ 15 years 1969 - 1976 UK suicide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Perry FS et al. 1981 - men, women, ≥ 15 years 1969 - 1976 UK siuzide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Li L et al. 2015 cross-sectional study men, women, ≥ 18 years not stated China oxidative stress: plasma total antioxidant capacity, glutathione peroxidase activity, superoxide dismutase enyzme activity, plasma malondialdehyde concentration, micronucleus cell frequency and micronuclei frequency magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Li CY et al. 2002 case-control study men, women, ≥ 65 years 1993 - 1997 Taiwan cognitive impairment magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational, residential
Davanipour Z et al. 2014 cohort study men, women, ≥ 65 years 1993 - 1994 USA severe cognitive dysfunction magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Johansen C et al. 1998 cohort study men, ≥ 18 years 1900 - 1993 Denmark amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other neurologic diseases, suicide and depression, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, electric injuries/electrocution
Zahiroddin AR et al. 2006 case-control study men, ≥ 18 years 2004 Iran mental health status magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Milham Jr S 1985 cohort study men, ≥ 20 years 1950 - 1982 USA mortality electric field, magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
McMahan S et al. 1994 cross-sectional study women 1992 USA depressive symptoms magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential