Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

513 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 80 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 62 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 60 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Koeman T et al. 2013 cohort study men, women, 55–69 years 1986, followed-up until 1996 The Netherlands total cardiovascular diseases, ischaemic heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, subacute and chronic ischaemic heart diseases, other cardiac diseases, arrhythmias, atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Davanipour Z et al. 2014 cohort study men, women, ≥ 65 years 1993 - 1994 USA severe cognitive dysfunction magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Sudan M et al. 2017 cohort study women, children, children in utero, 0–7 years 1996 - 2002 Denmark asthma 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, magnetic field, residential
Li DK et al. 2020 cohort study men, women, children, children in utero, 0–20 years 1997 - 2017 USA attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), immun-related comorbidities of asthma or atopic dermatitis magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, intermediate frequency, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, low frequency, personal, residential
Li DK et al. 2011 cohort study, prospective cohort study children, children in utero, 0–13 years 1996 - August 2010 USA asthma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Beale IL et al. 1997 cross-sectional study men, women, 18–70 years not stated New Zealand psychological and mental health status (somatic symptoms, anxiety, social dysfunction, major depression), self-rated general health status over the past 6 months magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Broadbent DE et al. 1985 cross-sectional study men not stated UK headache, anxiety, obsessional and somatic symptoms, depression, health status: visits to medical doctor, prescribed and unprescribed medicine electric field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Berg M et al. 1990 cross-sectional study men, women not stated Sweden facial skin complaints (e.g., itching, burning sensations) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational
McMahan S et al. 1994 cross-sectional study women 1992 USA depressive symptoms magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
McDowall ME 1986 cross-sectional study men, women 1971 - 1983 UK mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, residential
Beale IL et al. 2001 cross-sectional study men, women not stated New Zealand health problems magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Yamazaki S et al. 2006 cross-sectional study women, 25–53 years 2001 Japan mental health magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Fadel RA et al. 2006 cross-sectional study children, 0–12 years not stated Egypt growth, carpal bone ossification magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Johansson A et al. 2010 cross-sectional study men, women December 2005 - April 2006 Sweden sleep disturbances, dizziness, discomfort, concentration, memory loss, fatigue, headaches, warmth behind/around ear, warmth on ear, burning skin, tingling/tightness, tinnitus, numbness, anxiety, depression, somatization, exhaustion and stress mobile phone, mobile communications, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, personal
Zamanian Z et al. 2010 cross-sectional study men 2008 - 2009 Iran mental disorders, anxiety symptoms, depression, social disfunction, somatisation magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Yousefi HA et al. 2004 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran mental disorders (e.g., depression, anxiety, phobia, psychosis) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Huang J et al. 2013 cross-sectional study children, 9–13 years 2011 China neurobehavioral function electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
van Dongen D et al. 2014 cross-sectional study men, women, 18–87 years - Netherlands self-reported non-specific symptoms (e.g., headache, fatigue, back pain, nausea, dizziness, tingling, palpitation), risk perception of EMF in general and of different EMF sources, attribution of symptoms to possible causes, including EMF mobile phone, mobile phone base station, GSM, UMTS, mobile communications, DECT, microw. oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Su XJ et al. 2014 cross-sectional study women, children in utero, 18–35 years 2009 - 2010 China embryonic development: length, width, and height of the embryonic sac and the length of the embryonic bud, apoptosis in decidua magnetic field, intermediate frequency, 50/60 Hz, personal
Li L et al. 2015 cross-sectional study men, women, ≥ 18 years not stated China oxidative stress: plasma total antioxidant capacity, glutathione peroxidase activity, superoxide dismutase enyzme activity, plasma malondialdehyde concentration, micronucleus cell frequency and micronuclei frequency magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Wang Z et al. 2016 cross-sectional study men, 22–60 years August 2010 - September 2010 China plasma hormones (testosterone, estradiol and melatonin) and inflammatory pathway biomarkers (NF-kB, HSP70, HSP27 and TET1) mobile phone, mobile communications, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, residential, personal
Wang Z et al. 2016 cross-sectional study men, women, 22–60 years August - September 2011 China serum lipids (total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational, residential, personal
Ghadamgahi M et al. 2016 cross-sectional study children, 10–12 years 2014 Iran working memory function magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation
Hosseinabadi MB et al. 2019 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran stress, depression and anxiety, subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Bagheri Hosseinabadi M et al. 2020 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran burnout syndrome and depression; oxidative stress markers (SOD, catalase, total antioxidant capacity, malondialdehyde) magnetic field, electric field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational