Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

511 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 61 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Perry S et al. 1989 case-control study men, women 1985 UK myocardial infarction, depressive illness magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Perry S et al. 1988 - - - - - magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, inhouse wiring, residential
Poole C et al. 1993 survey men, women, 20–69 years November1987 USA depressive symptoms and headaches magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Prasad SK et al. 2001 survey men, 25–45 years not stated India fertility, eye irritation, general health status magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, high volt./current device/welder, occupational
Reichmanis M et al. 1979 - men, women, ≥ 15 years 1969 - 1976 UK suicide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Robinson CF et al. 1999 cohort study men 1982 - 1987 USA mortality electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Sahl J et al. 2002 cohort study men 1960 - 1992 USA acute myocardial infarction, chronic coronary heart disease, arrhythmia, atherosclerosis magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Savitz DA et al. 1999 cohort study men 1950 - 1988 USA arrhythmia, acute myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, chronic/subchronic coronary heart disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Savitz DA et al. 1994 cohort study men not stated USA depression electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Schreiber GH et al. 1993 cohort study men, women 1961 - 1987 Netherlands leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, stomach cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer ande other cancer types, all cancer, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, residential
Singewald ML et al. 1973 - men, 30–56 years 1962 - 1972 USA health status electric field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational
Sorahan T et al. 2004 cohort study men, women 1973 ¿ 1997 UK cardiovascular diseases magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Su XJ et al. 2014 cross-sectional study women, children in utero, 18–35 years 2009 - 2010 China embryonic development: length, width, and height of the embryonic sac and the length of the embryonic bud, apoptosis in decidua magnetic field, intermediate frequency, 50/60 Hz, personal
Sudan M et al. 2017 cohort study women, children, children in utero, 0–7 years 1996 - 2002 Denmark asthma 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, magnetic field, residential
Suri S et al. 2020 cross-sectional study men, 20–50 years not stated Iran reproductive hormones: testosterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, low frequency, occupational
Tiwari R et al. 2013 - men, 20–58 years not stated India melatonin level in plasma, oxidative stress parameters: malondialdehyde level in plasma (lipid peroxidation), nitric oxide level in serum, enzyme activities of antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase) in erythrocyte suspension magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Verkasalo PK et al. 1997 cohort study men, women 1970 - 1989 Finland depression magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Wang Z et al. 2016 cross-sectional study men, 22–60 years August 2010 - September 2010 China plasma hormones (testosterone, estradiol and melatonin) and inflammatory pathway biomarkers (NF-kB, HSP70, HSP27 and TET1) mobile phone, mobile communications, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, residential, personal
Wang Z et al. 2016 cross-sectional study men, women, 22–60 years August - September 2011 China serum lipids (total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride) mobile phone, mobile communications, RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational, residential, personal
Yamazaki S et al. 2006 cross-sectional study women, 25–53 years 2001 Japan mental health magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Yang Y et al. 2008 - children, 0–14 years May 2006 - August 2007 China DNA repair genes (hMLH1, APEX1, MGMT, XRCC1 and XPD) microw. oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Yousefi HA et al. 2004 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran mental disorders (e.g., depression, anxiety, phobia, psychosis) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Zahiroddin AR et al. 2006 case-control study men, ≥ 18 years 2004 Iran mental health status magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Zamanian Z et al. 2010 cross-sectional study men 2008 - 2009 Iran mental disorders, anxiety symptoms, depression, social disfunction, somatisation magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Zarei S et al. 2015 case-control study children, children in utero, 3–5 years 2014 Iran speech problems mobile phone, mobile phone base station, mobile communications, cordless phone, W-LAN/WiFi, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance
van Dongen D et al. 2014 cross-sectional study men, women, 18–87 years - Netherlands self-reported non-specific symptoms (e.g., headache, fatigue, back pain, nausea, dizziness, tingling, palpitation), risk perception of EMF in general and of different EMF sources, attribution of symptoms to possible causes, including EMF mobile phone, mobile phone base station, GSM, UMTS, mobile communications, DECT, microw. oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, personal, also other exposures without EMF
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2000 case-control study men 1950 - 1986 USA suicide magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2000 case-control study men 1950 - 1986 USA suicide magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2001 cohort study men 1950 - 1986 USA leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, lung cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer, bladder cancer, melanoma, all cancer, cardiovascular diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational