Study overviews

Experimental studies on magnetic power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

1803 studies in total
  1. 671 studies
  2. 541 studies
  3. 444 studies
  4. 350 studies
  5. 300 studies
  6. 186 studies

Health

671 studies in total
  1. 104 studies
  2. 88 studies
  3. 81 studies
  4. 79 studies
  5. 77 studies
  6. 74 studies
  7. 70 studies
  8. 59 studies
  9. 53 studies
  10. 43 studies
  11. 29 studies
  12. 21 studies
  13. 20 studies
  14. 19 studies
  15. 10 studies
  16. 7 studies
  17. 5 studies
  18. 3 studies
  19. one study

Effects on testis/sperms, fertility 79 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Parameters Magnetic flux density/field strength
Kuzay D et al. 2017 - mobile communications, GSM, RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz -
Torres L et al. 2019 - magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure -
Fernie KJ et al. 2000 animal, American kestrel (<i>Falco sparverius</i>), whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 30 µT
Truong H et al. 1996 animal, DJungarian hamster (<i>Phodopus sungorus</i>), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 100 µT
Niehaus M et al. 1997 animal, Djungarian hamster (<i>Phodopus sungorus</i>), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 360–450 µT
Algers B et al. 1987 animal, cow, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 0.39–4.7 µT
Tomas G et al. 2012 animal, great tit (<i>Paris major</i>), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 0.2–0.84 µT
Farkhad SA et al. 2007 animal, guinea pig magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 0.013–0.207 µT
Zare S et al. 2007 animal, guinea pig, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.013–0.207 µT
Wolpaw JR et al. 1989 animal, monkey/southern pig-tailed macaque (<i>Macaca nemestrina</i>), whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 10–90 µT
Qi G et al. 2015 animal, mouse/B6C3F1, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 50 µT
Geng D et al. 2009 animal, mouse/BALB/c electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 40–48 µT
Lee JS et al. 2004 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.1–0.5 mT
Kim YW et al. 2009 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 14–200 µT
Rajaei F et al. 2009 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 0.5 mT
de Bruyn L et al. 2010 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 0.5–77 µT
Kim HS et al. 2014 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 2–200 µT
Roshangar L et al. 2014 animal, mouse/Balb/c, whole body: <i>in utero</i> magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 3 mT
De Vita R et al. 1995 animal, mouse/C57Bl/Cne x C3H/Cne, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1.7 mT
Udroiu I et al. 2015 animal, mouse/CD-1 Swiss (adults, fetuses and young animals), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 65 µT
Heredia-Rojas JA et al. 2004 animal, mouse/CD1 (BALB/c x DBA/2), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 2 mT
Gerardi G et al. 2016 animal, mouse/CD1 (specific pathogen, virus and antibody free), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 38–47 µT
Forgacs Z et al. 2004 animal, mouse/CFLP, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
Ohnishi Y et al. 2002 animal, mouse/ICR, whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 0.5–5 mT
Rajaei F et al. 2010 animal, mouse/NMRI, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, source not given 0.5 mT
Borhani N et al. 2011 animal, mouse/NMRI, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 0.5 mT
Bayat PD et al. 2012 animal, mouse/NMRI, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 6 mT
Picazo ML et al. 1995 animal, mouse/OF1, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 15 µT
Picazo ML et al. 1995 animal, mouse/OF1, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 15 µT
Ramadan LA et al. 2002 animal, mouse/Swiss albino, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 20 mT
Elbetieha A et al. 2002 animal, mouse/Swiss, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 25 mT
Rivas L et al. 1985 animal, mouse/Swiss, whole body magnetic field, signals/pulses, 50/60 Hz 0.083–2.3 mT
Ahmadi SS et al. 2016 animal, rat magnetic field, 50/60 Hz -
Burcu A et al. 2020 animal, rat/Sprague Dawley (adults, fetuses and neonates), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 3 mT
Park S et al. 2015 animal, rat/Sprague Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 200 µT
Ruan G et al. 2019 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, mouse/C57BL/6J, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 30–500 µT
Ryan BM et al. 1999 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 2 µT–1 mT
Al-Akhras MA et al. 2001 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 25 µT
Chung MK et al. 2003 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz 5–500 µT
Chung MK et al. 2005 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 5–500 mT
Al-Akhras MA et al. 2006 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 25 µT
Akdag Z et al. 2006 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1.35 mT
Al-Akhras MA 2008 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 25 µT
Akdag MZ et al. 2013 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100–500 µT
Duan W et al. 2014 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 500 µT
Park S et al. 2018 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 2–200 µT
Bahaodini A et al. 2015 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1 mT
Khaki AA et al. 2016 animal, rat/Wistar (<i>in utero</i> and young animals), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz -
Khaki AA et al. 2008 animal, rat/Wistar (<i>in utero</i> and young animals), whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 8 mT
Sert C et al. 2002 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.8 mT