Study overviews

Experimental studies on magnetic power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

1803 studies in total
  1. 671 studies
  2. 541 studies
  3. 444 studies
  4. 350 studies
  5. 300 studies
  6. 186 studies

Health

671 studies in total
  1. 104 studies
  2. 88 studies
  3. 81 studies
  4. 79 studies
  5. 77 studies
  6. 74 studies
  7. 70 studies
  8. 59 studies
  9. 53 studies
  10. 43 studies
  11. 29 studies
  12. 21 studies
  13. 20 studies
  14. 19 studies
  15. 10 studies
  16. 7 studies
  17. 5 studies
  18. 3 studies
  19. one study

Effects on testis/sperms, fertility 79 studies in total

Authors Year Exposed system Parameters Magnetic flux density/field strength
Ohnishi Y et al. 2002 animal, mouse/ICR, whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 0.5–5 mT
Saadeldin IM et al. 2011 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 100 µT
Khaki AA et al. 2008 animal, rat/Wistar (<i>in utero</i> and young animals), whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 8 mT
Gholami D et al. 2019 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body 50/60 Hz, magnetic field 5 mT
Panagopoulos DJ et al. 2003 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R, whole body GSM, mobile communications, PW pulsed wave, electric field, magnetic field, low frequency, signals/pulses, 50/60 Hz, co-exposure 0.04 µT–7 mT
Wolpaw JR et al. 1989 animal, monkey/southern pig-tailed macaque (<i>Macaca nemestrina</i>), whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 10–90 µT
Fernie KJ et al. 2000 animal, American kestrel (<i>Falco sparverius</i>), whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 30 µT
Algers B et al. 1987 animal, cow, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 0.39–4.7 µT
Aydin M et al. 2009 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 4.821 µT
Aydin M et al. 2007 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 0.048–4.821 µT
Geng D et al. 2009 animal, mouse/BALB/c electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line 40–48 µT
Hamann HJ et al. 1998 animal, songbirds, whole body electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, 16 2/3 Hz (train) 5–20 µT
Górski R et al. 2020 intact cell/cell culture, human spermatozoa electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, shielding/field deprivation 0.29–7.2 µT
De Vita R et al. 1995 animal, mouse/C57Bl/Cne x C3H/Cne, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1.7 mT
Walters E et al. 1987 invertebrate, fruit fly (<i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1 mT
Picazo ML et al. 1995 animal, mouse/OF1, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 15 µT
Niehaus M et al. 1997 animal, Djungarian hamster (<i>Phodopus sungorus</i>), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 360–450 µT
Huuskonen H et al. 2001 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 13–130 µT
Picazo ML et al. 1995 animal, mouse/OF1, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 15 µT
Elbetieha A et al. 2002 animal, mouse/Swiss, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 25 mT
Ozguner IF et al. 2002 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 8.64 mT
Sert C et al. 2002 animal, rat/Wistar albino, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.8 mT
Lee JS et al. 2004 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.1–0.5 mT
Forgacs Z et al. 2004 animal, mouse/CFLP, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100 µT
Chung MK et al. 2005 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 5–500 mT
Al-Akhras MA et al. 2006 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 25 µT
Khaki AA et al. 2006 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 8 mT
Iorio R et al. 2007 intact cell/cell culture, human sperm magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 2.5–5 mT
Akdag Z et al. 2006 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1.35 mT
Al-Akhras MA 2008 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 25 µT
Khaki AA et al. 2008 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 8 mT
Kim YW et al. 2009 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 14–200 µT
Khaki AA et al. 2004 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 8 mT
Bernabo N et al. 2010 intact cell/cell culture, capacitated spermatozoa (of two boars), animal, pig, partial body: oviducts magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0–2 mT
Tenorio BM et al. 2012 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1 mT
Zare S et al. 2007 animal, guinea pig, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.013–0.207 µT
Panagopoulos DJ et al. 2013 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 0.1–2.1 mT
Tenorio BM et al. 2014 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 1 mT
Akdag MZ et al. 2013 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 100–500 µT
Duan W et al. 2014 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 500 µT
Kim HS et al. 2014 animal, mouse/BALB/c, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 2–200 µT
Hajhosseini L et al. 2013 animal, rat/Wistar, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 8 mT
Roshangar L et al. 2014 animal, mouse/Balb/c, whole body: <i>in utero</i> magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 3 mT
Qi G et al. 2015 animal, mouse/B6C3F1, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 50 µT
Park S et al. 2015 animal, rat/Sprague Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 200 µT
Ahmadi SS et al. 2016 animal, rat magnetic field, 50/60 Hz -
Khaki AA et al. 2016 animal, rat/Wistar (<i>in utero</i> and young animals), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz -
Gerardi G et al. 2016 animal, mouse/CD1 (specific pathogen, virus and antibody free), whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 38–47 µT
Bayat PD et al. 2012 animal, mouse/NMRI, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 6 mT
Park S et al. 2018 animal, rat/Sprague-Dawley, whole body magnetic field, 50/60 Hz 2–200 µT