Study overviews

Experimental studies on static electric fields

152 studies in total
  1. 95 studies
  2. 67 studies
  3. 14 studies
  4. 9 studies
  5. 7 studies
  6. 5 studies
Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Parameters Electric field strength
Güler G et al. 1996 animal, guinea pig, whole body - static electric field 0.9–1.9 kV/m
Kato M et al. 1986 animal, cat, partial body: leg - static electric field, DC 240–310 kV/m
Angell RF et al. 1990 animal, beef cattle, whole body - static electric field, DC, power transmission line, high-voltage direct current (HVDC) 5.6 kV/m
Beardwood CJ et al. 1990 animal, rat/Long-Evans, whole body - static electric field, co-exposure 50 V/cm
Isobe S et al. 1999 plant, dry morning glory (<i>Pharbitis nil</i>) seed - static electric field 500 kV/m
Pavelka J et al. 2001 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/SM1/Pm(Cy/Pm) (embryo) - electric field, static electric field, 50/60 Hz, DC, also other exposures without EMF, co-exposure 15–550 V/cm
Martin FB et al. 1986 animal, cow/Holstein, whole body - static magnetic field, static electric field, DC, power transmission line, high-voltage direct current (HVDC) -
Odagiri-Shimizu H et al. 1999 human, partial body: arm - static electric field, DC 0–500 kV/m
Murr LE 1963 plant, orchard grass - static electric field 15–75 kV/m
Sidaway GH et al. 1968 plant - static electric field -
Hart FX et al. 1979 plant, pole bean - static electric field, DC -
Cramariuc R et al. 2005 plant, potatoes - static electric field 400 kV/m
Jackson CW et al. 2011 invertebrate, cockroach (<i>Periplaneta americana</i>) - static electric field, DC -
Zhao R et al. 2011 plant, tomato (<i>Lycopersicon esculentum</i> Mill.) - static electric field, DC, high-voltage direct current (HVDC) 2 kV/cm
Skinner LB et al. 2012 deionized water - DC, static electric field 1,000–1,000,000 kV/m
Greggers U et al. 2013 invertebrate, honeybee (<i>Apis mellifera</i> L.) - electric field, static electric field, signals/pulses, 50/60 Hz, low frequency -
He J et al. 2016 invertebrate, aphid (<i>Sitbion avenae</i>) - static electric field, DC 2–6 kV/cm
Park HH et al. 2014 intact cell/cell culture, rat mesenchymal stem cell - static electric field, DC 61.5–133.5 V/cm
Kellogg 3rd EW et al. 1985 animal, mouse/NAMRU, whole body - static electric field, DC, high-voltage direct current (HVDC), co-exposure 1.75–2 kV/m
Kellogg 3rd EW et al. 1986 animal, mouse/NAMRU, whole body - static electric field, DC, high-voltage direct current (HVDC) 1.8–2.4 V/m
Güler G et al. 1996 animal, guinea pig, whole body - static electric field, DC 1.9 kV/m
Dowse HB et al. 1969 animal, mouse/white laboratory mouse, whole body - static electric field -
Barron CI et al. 1964 human, whole body - static electric field, co-exposure 1,000 V/m
Altmann G 1969 animal, invertebrate, mouse/white, bird/budgerigar and zebra finch, guinea pig, frog/<i>Rana esculenta</i>, fish/goldfish, locust/<i>Locusta migratoria</i>, whole body - electric field, static electric field, signals/pulses, electric current application 420–2,100 V/m
Altmann G 1959 invertebrate, honeybee, American cockroach (Periplaneta americana), Indian stick insect (Carausius morosus), wasp (Vespa germanica) - static electric field 1,400–2,800 V/m
Brown Jr FA 1962 invertebrate, planarian/<i>Dugesia dorotocephala</i> - static electric field 2 V/cm
Edwards DK 1960 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> and <i>Calliphora vicina</i> - static electric field 10–65.7 kV/m
Murr LE 1964 plant, orchard grass - static electric field 30–75 kV/m
Sidaway GH 1966 plant, lettuce seeds (<i>Latuca sativa</i>) - static electric field -
Murr LE 1963 plant, orchard grass - static electric field, DC 15–75 kV/m
Picton HD 1966 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> - static magnetic field, static electric field 3 V/cm
Murr LE 1966 plant, bush bean, sweet corn - static electric field, DC 30–80 kV/m
Murr LE 1966 plant, bush bean, sweet corn - static electric field, DC 100–500 kV/m
Wheaton FW et al. 1971 plant, soy bean (<i>Glycine max</i> L.) and corn (<i>Zea mays</i>) - electric field, static electric field, 50/60 Hz, DC 131.23–1,443.57 V/cm
Wang Y et al. 2008 plant, tomato (<i>Lycopersicon esculentum</i> Mill.) (fruit) - static electric field 1–3 kV/cm
Edwards DK 1961 invertebrate, moth <i>Nepytia Phantasmaria</i> - static electric field 18 kV/m
Blackman VH 1924 plant, oat, barley, wheat, clover - static electric field -
Murr LE 1966 plant, grain sorghum, wax bean, corn, orchard grass - electric field, static electric field, 50/60 Hz, shielding/field deprivation 20–80 kV/m
Levengood WC et al. 1960 invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/wild-type and ehite eye mutant, whole body - static electric field, also other exposures without EMF, co-exposure -
Altmann G 1968 animal, invertebrate, mouse/white, bird/budgerigar, guinea pig, frog/<i>Rana esculenta</i>, fish/goldfish and guppy and zebrafisch, locust/<i>Locusta migratoria</i>, whole body - static electric field, signals/pulses, touch current 2,000–2,100 V/m
Altmann G 1962 animal, invertebrate, honeybee, guinea pig, goldfish, whole body - static electric field, electric current application 420–2,800 V/m
Hüsing JO et al. 1960 invertebrate, honeybee (<i>Apis mellifica</i> L.) - electric field, static electric field, 50/60 Hz 50–270 V/cm
Schua L 1954 invertebrate, honeybee - static electric field -
Newland PL et al. 2015 excised wings, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R (wildtype), invertebrate, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R (wildtype), whole body - static electric field, DC 28–183 kV/m
Maw MG 1961 invertebrate, Ichneumonidae (<i>Scambus buolianae</i>), whole body - static electric field, shielding/field deprivation 0.8–1.2 V/cm
Bachman CH et al. 1973 plant, barley leaves - static electric field 100–200 kV/m
Atalay NS et al. 1995 animal, guinea pig, whole body - static electric field, DC 0.58 kV/m
Watson DB et al. 1997 invertebrate, fruit fly (<i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>) - electric field, static electric field, 50/60 Hz 500 kV/m
Colin ME et al. 1992 invertebrate, mite (<i>Varroa jacobsoni</i>) - static electric field -
Corbet SA et al. 1982 plant, rape flower - static electric field -