研究のタイプ: 医学/生物学の研究 (experimental study)

[メラトニンは電磁界誘発性のNa+流増加に対して細胞内Ca2+を放出させてラット小脳顆粒細胞を保護する] med./bio.

Melatonin protects rat cerebellar granule cells against electromagnetic field-induced increases in Na(+) currents through intracellular Ca(2+) release.

掲載誌: J Cell Mol Med 2014; 18 (6): 1060-1070

この研究は、超低周波電磁界(ELF-EMF)のばく露によりラット小脳顆粒細胞(GCs)の電位依存性ナトリウムチャネル(Nav)の活動性が変化することを前提として、そのような影響に対するメラトニン(MT)の作用を調べた。幼若SDラットから単離したGCsにELF-EMF(50Hz、最大1 mT)の60分間ばく露を与えた結果、Navのナトリウムイオン電流(INa)が62.5%増加したが、MT(5 μM)の添加により、このINa増加が阻害された、と報告している。また、この阻害メカニズムにおける細胞内カルシウムイオンの役割について探索した実験の結果を報告している。

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研究目的(著者による)

To investigate the effects of melatonin on extremely low frequency magnetic field-induced activation of voltage-gated sodium channels and the related pathways in rat cerebellar granule cells.

詳細情報

In a previous study (He et al. 2013), the authors showed that extremely low frequency magnetic fields significantly activated the voltage-gated sodium channels of cerebellar granule cells. Melatonin is known to modulate the delay in outward rectifying K+ channels, resulting amongst others in a protection against apoptosis. However, only few studies examined the effect of melatonin on Na+ channels, especially in combination with extremely low frequency magnetic fields.
Cell cultures were examined in 5 groups: 1.) sham exposure, 2.) magnetic field exposure, 3.) magnetic field exposure + 1 µM melatonin, 4.) magnetic field exposure + 5 µM melatonin and 5.) sham exposure + 5 µM melatonin. To verify the results, a melatonin receptor agonist (IIK-7) or an antagonist (4-P-PDOT) were partially added as well as an calmodulin inhibitor (KN93) and a ryanodine-sensitive receptor blocker (inhibits the release of Ca2+).

影響評価項目

ばく露

ばく露 パラメータ
ばく露1: 50 Hz
ばく露時間: continuous for 60 minutes

ばく露1

主たる特性
周波数 50 Hz
タイプ
  • magnetic field
波形
  • sinusoidal
ばく露時間 continuous for 60 minutes
ばく露装置
ばく露の発生源/構造
ばく露装置の詳細 magnetic field was generated by a pair of Helmholtz coils placed in opposition to each other, coils were powered by a generator system that produced sinusoidal input voltage, device was powered by an AC power generator, magnetic field frequency and density were monitored by a sensor that was connected to a digital multimeter, geometry of the system assured a uniform field for the exposed cultured cells, surfaces of the culture plates were parallel to the force lines of the alternating magnetic field in the solenoid, maximum temperature increase recorded in the exposed cultures was 0.4 ± 0.1°C
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
パラメータ
測定量 種別 Method Mass 備考
磁束密度 1 mT - 測定値 - -

Reference articles

  • Ongaro A et al. (2012): [電磁界(EMF)およびアデノシン受容体はヒト骨関節炎の滑膜線維芽細胞におけるプロスタグランジンE2およびサイトカインの放出を変化させる]
  • Varani K et al. (2012): [ラットの脳のアデノシン受容体に対するパルス電磁界ばく露の影響]

ばく露を受けた生物:

方法 影響評価項目/測定パラメータ/方法

研究対象とした生物試料:
調査の時期:
  • ばく露後

研究の主なアウトカム(著者による)

In magnetic field exposed cells, the sodium current in voltage-gated sodium channels was significantly increased compared to the control group. An addition of 5 µM melatonin inhibited the exposure-induced effect. This inhibitory effect of melatonin was mimicked by a melatonin receptor agonist and was diminished by an antagonist. The voltage-gated sodium channel steady-state activation curve was significantly shifted towards hyperpolarization by the magnetic field exposure, but this effect was diminished by an addition of melatonin.
The protein expression level of phosphorylated protein kinase A was significantly elevated in exposed cell cultures (also with the addition of melatonin or a melatonin receptor agonist) in comparison to the unexposed control group.
The intracellular Ca2+ level was significantly increased by melatonin and by melatonin in addition with magnetic field exposure compared to the control group, but not by magnetic field exposure alone and not in the presence of a ryanodine-sensitive receptor blocker. The inhibitory effect of melatonin on the magnetic field exposure-induced activation of voltage-gated sodium channels was diminished by a calmodulin inhibitor.
The authors conclude that melatonin could protect against the magnetic field-induced activation of voltage-gated sodium channels in cerebellar granule cells of rats through an elevated Ca2+ release.

研究の種別:

研究助成

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