研究状況の概観

Experimental studies on mobile communications

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Health

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Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Repacholi MH et al. 1997 動物, mouse/Eµ-<i>Pim1</i><!--Eµ-Pim1--> transgenic (ppG64) and nontransgenic C57BL/6NTac, 全身 lymphoma 900 MHz 1.4–4.2 W/kg repeated daily exposure for 30 min every 12 h for up to 18 months GSM, 移動体通信システム
Bartsch H et al. 2002 動物, rat/Sprague-Dawley, 全身 mammary tumors 900 MHz 60–130 mW/kg nearly continuous until the largest tumour reached a diameter of 1-2 cm GSM, 移動体通信システム
Sommer AM et al. 2004 動物, mouse/AKR/J, 全身 lymphoma 900 MHz 0.4 W/kg continuous for about 40 weeks GSM, 移動体通信システム
Tillmann T et al. 2007 動物, mouse/B6C3F1 carcinogenic effect 902–1,747 MHz 0.4–33.2 mW/g repeated daily exposure, 2 h/day, 5 days/week, for 2 years GSM, 移動体通信システム
Ouadah NS et al. 2018 - - 900 MHz - - GSM, 移動体通信システム
Salford LG et al. 1993 動物, rat/Fischer 344 brain tumor 915 MHz 0.0077–1.67 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 7 h/day, 5 days/week, for 10-15 days GSM, 移動体通信システム, マイクロ波
Salford L et al. 1997 動物, rat/Fischer 344; brains were infected with specific rat tumor cells (RG2 and N32 cells), 全身 brain tumor 915 MHz 0.0077–1.67 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 7 h/day, 5 days/week, for 10-15 days GSM, 移動体通信システム, マイクロ波
Utteridge TD et al. 2002 動物, mouse/Eµ-<i>Pim1</i><!--Eµ-Pim1--> (transgenic, C57BL/6Ntac) and the wild type of that strain, 全身 lymphoma 898.4 MHz 0.25–4 W/kg repeated daily exposure for 1 h/day, 5 days/week for up to 104 weeks GSM, 移動体通信システム, マイクロ波
Anane R et al. 2003 動物, rat/Sprague-Dawley, 全身 mammary gland tumors 900 MHz 0.1–3.5 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 2 h/day, 5 days/week for 9 weeks GSM, 移動体通信システム, マイクロ波
Yu D et al. 2006 動物, rat/Sprague-Dawley, 全身 mammary tumors 900 MHz 0.44–4 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 4 h/day, 5 days/week, for 26 weeks GSM, 移動体通信システム, マイクロ波
Adey WR et al. 1999 動物, rat/Fischer 344, 全身, 身体の一部: head CNS tumors 836.55 MHz 1–1.4 W/kg continuous for about 25 days, see add. information NADC, TDMA, 移動体通信システム, マイクロ波
Huang TQ et al. 2005 動物, mouse/ICR, 全身 skin tumors 848.5 MHz 0.4 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 45 min on/15 min off/45 min on, 5 days/week for 19 weeks PCS, CDMA, 移動体通信システム
Imaida K et al. 2001 動物, mouse/ICR, 身体の一部: skin skin tumors 1.49 GHz 0.084–2 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 90 min/day, 5 days/week for 19 weeks PDC, TDMA, 移動体通信システム
Shirai T et al. 2005 動物, rat/Fischer 344, 身体の一部: head brain and spinal cord tumors 1.439 GHz 0.4–6 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 90 min/day, 5 days/week for 104 weeks PDC, TDMA, 移動体通信システム
Imaida K et al. 1998 動物, rat/Fischer 344, 全身 liver cancer 1.439 GHz 0.68–7.6 W/kg repeated daily exposure for 90 min/day, 5 days/week, over 6 weeks TDMA, 移動体通信システム
Tillmann T et al. 2010 動物, mouse/B6C3F1, 全身 neoplasms and pre-neoplastic lesions and tumour incidences in spleen, kidneys, liver, lung, lymph nodes, and brain 1,966 MHz 0.62–5.76 W/kg continuous for 20 hr/day, 7 days/week for up to 24 months UMTS, 移動体通信システム
Heikkinen P et al. 2001 動物, mouse/CBA/s, 全身 tumor development 902.4 MHz 0.35–1.5 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 1.5 h/day, 5 days a week for 78 weeks アナログ携帯電話, デジタル携帯電話, GSM, NMT, 移動体通信システム
Shirai T et al. 2007 動物, rat/Fischer 344, 身体の一部: nose/head tumor development in the central nervous system 1.95 GHz 0.464–7.6 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 90 min/day, 5 days/week, for 104 weeks, starting at 5 weeks of age デジタル携帯電話, CDMA, 移動体通信システム
Heikkinen P et al. 2003 動物, mouse/transgenic of the line K2 (over-expressing the human ODC gene) and non-transgenic littermate, 全身 skin tumours 849 MHz 0.5–4 W/kg repeated daily exposure for 1.5 h/day, 5 days/week for 52 weeks デジタル携帯電話, GSM, D-AMPS, 移動体通信システム
Heikkinen P et al. 2006 動物, rat/Wistar, 全身 tumorigenesis; cocarcinogenic effects 900 MHz 0.3–0.9 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 2 h/day, 5 days/week, for 104 weeks デジタル携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Smith P et al. 2007 動物, rat/Han Wistar (HanBrl:WIST), 全身 carcinogenicity 902 MHz 0.41–4 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 2 h/day, 5 days/week, for 52 or 104 weeks デジタル携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Hruby R et al. 2008 動物, rat/Sprague-Dawley, 全身 mammary tumor 902 MHz 0.4–4 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 4 h/day, 5 days/week, for 6 months デジタル携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Saran A et al. 2007 動物, mouse/<i>Patched1</i> (heterozygous knockout mouse) and wild type, 全身 carcinogenesis and tumor promotion 900 MHz 0.4 W/kg 0.5 h/twice a day for 5 days (from day 2 to day 6 after birth) with a 6 h intervall between exposures デジタル携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Sommer AM et al. 2007 動物, mouse/AKR/J, 全身 lymphoma development 1.966 GHz 0.4 W/kg almost continuous for up to 248 days デジタル携帯電話, UMTS, 移動体通信システム
Zook BC et al. 2006 動物, rat/Sprague-Dawley, 身体の一部: head, nose brain and spinal cord tumors (spinal nerve, spinal cord, cranial nerve, and brain tumors) 860 MHz 0.42–1 W/kg repeated daily exposure, 6 h/day, 5 days/week, from 52 ± 2 days of age until scheduled killing at 30-day intervals between 171 and 325 days of age デジタル携帯電話, 移動体通信システム