研究状況の概観

Experimental studies on mobile communications

1360研究
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Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Sokolovic D et al. 2012 動物, rat/Wistar, 全身 locomotor activity, stress and anxiety related behavior, exploratory behavior, body mass 900 MHz 0.043–0.135 W/kg continuous for 4 h/day on 60 days 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム, マイクロ波, CW 連続波, 共ばく露
Huttunen P et al. 2012 ヒト, 全身 - 0 Hz–2,500 MHz - not specified in the article GSM, 移動体通信システム, RF電磁界, TV 放送 (VHF/UHF), FM 放送(UKW)
Panagopoulos DJ 2012 無脊椎動物, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R ovarian development 900 MHz 0.795 W/kg continuous for 6 min., every 10 h (first exposure 3 h after eclosion), max. for 5 times 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム, PW パルス波
Cammaerts MC et al. 2012 無脊椎動物, ant (<i>Myrmica sabuleti</i>), 全身 association between food sites and olfactory or visual cues 900 MHz - see add. information デジタル携帯電話, 携帯電話基地局, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Nittby H et al. 2012 無脊椎動物, large garden snail (<i>Helix pomatia</i>) pain (nociception) 1,900 MHz 48 mW/kg continuous for 1 h デジタル携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム, therapeutic/medical device
Singh HP et al. 2012 植物, mung bean (<i>Vigna radiata</i>)/Wilczek, hypocotyls effects on plants: root growth (rhizogenesis) and oxidative stress 900 MHz - continuous for 0.5, 1, 2 h 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Mady MM et al. 2012 artifical biological membranes in aqueous solutions (phospholipids; dipalmitoylphosphatidycholine (DPPC)) structural and functional properties of liposomes 950 MHz - continuous for 1 and 2 hours 携帯電話, 移動体通信システム, RF電磁界, マイクロ波
Dasdag S et al. 2011 動物, rat/Wistar albino and Sprague-Dawley, 全身 histopathological changes of the nasal mucosa and the nose skin 50 Hz - continuous for 2 h/day, 7 days/week for 10 months 移動体通信システム, デジタル携帯電話, GSM, マイクロ波, 磁界, 50/60 Hz (AC)
Sarapultseva EI et al. 2011 無脊椎動物, <i>Spirostomum ambiguum</i> - 1 GHz - continuous for 1 min up to 11 h 移動体通信システム, 携帯電話
Mortazavi SMJ et al. 2011 動物, rat/Sprague-Dawley - 900–1,800 MHz - 2 times 3 h/day for 4 days 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム, マイクロ波, PW パルス波, 非EMF, 共ばく露
Yoon SY et al. 2011 無傷細胞/細胞培養, human scalp hair follicle preparations (of three individuals), human dermal papilla cells (hDPC), NIH3T3 cells (mouse fibroblasts), C2C12 cells (undifferentiated myoblasts and differentiated myotubes), HeLa cell line (human adenocarcinoma cell line), OSE-80PC hair growth <i>in vitro</i> and <i>ex vivo</i> 1,763 MHz 2–10 W/kg continuous for 1 h or 3 h CDMA, 移動体通信システム, RF電磁界
Lindholm H et al. 2011 ヒト, 身体の一部: head (right ear) head temperature 902.4 MHz 0.66–4.3 W/kg continuous for 15 min デジタル携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Partsvania B et al. 2011 単離された臓器, nervous system (ganglia) of the snail <i>Helix pomatia</i> neuronal electrophysiology (neuron memory process and excitability) 900 MHz 0.63 W/kg continuous for 60 min 移動体通信システム, 携帯電話
Favre D 2011 無脊椎動物, honeybee (<i>Apis mellifera carnica</i>) honeybee behavior 900 MHz 0.271–0.98 W/kg continuous for 45 min - 20 h 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Cammaerts MC et al. 2011 無傷細胞/細胞培養, <i>Paramecium caudatum</i> swimming behaviour of <i>Paramecium caudatum</i>, different morphological and physiological parameters 900 MHz - continuous for at least 2 min, at least for four times 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Kumar NR et al. 2011 無脊椎動物, honeybee (<i>Apis mellifera</i> L.) metabolism of honey bees - - continuous for 10, 20 or 40 min 携帯電話, 移動体通信システム
Jin YB et al. 2011 動物, rat/Sprague-Dawley, 全身 chronic illness (body and organ weights, urinalysis, haematological and blood biochemical analysis, histopathological changes) 849 MHz–1.95 GHz 2 W/kg continuous for 45 min/day, 5 days/week for 12 months CDMA, W-CDMA, 移動体通信システム
Calabro E et al. 2010 単離された生物学的/化学的物質, lysozyme, bovine serum albumin and myoglobin - 900 MHz 0.85 W/kg continuous for 8 h 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム, マイクロ波
Esmekaya MA et al. 2010 動物, rat/Wistar, 全身 effects on thyroid gland 900 MHz 1.35 W/kg continuous for 20 min./day on 21 days 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム, PW パルス波
Bartsch H et al. 2010 動物, rat/Sprague-Dawley, 全身 health and survival (mortality) 900 MHz 38–80 mW/kg continuous (except times for feeding, cleaning, health inspection, etc.): 24 months (exp. I), 17 (exp. II), 36 (exp. III), and 37 (exp. IV) months 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Kowalczuk C et al. 2010 無傷細胞/細胞培養, 組織片, cell suspensions, IMR 32 (human neuroblastoma cells), G361 (human melanoma cells), HF-19 (human fibroblasts), N2a (murine neuroblastoma cells; differentiated and non-differentiated); CHO (Chinese hamster ovary) cells demodulation ability of living cells and tissues (second harmonic generation) 880–890 MHz 2.5–10.6 mW/g < 10 minutes (typically, a second harmonic test took around 2-3 min.) 携帯電話, 移動体通信システム, RF電磁界, CW 連続波
Yamashita H et al. 2010 動物, rat/Sprague-Dawley, 身体の一部: head serum 17&beta;-estradiol level and estrogenic activity (uterus weight) 1,439 MHz 0.88–6.1 W/kg continuous for 4 hr/day on 3 consecutive days 携帯電話, TDMA, 移動体通信システム
Sharma VP et al. 2010 無脊椎動物, honeybee (<i>Apis mellifera</i> L.) honeybee behaviour 900 MHz - continuous for 15 min. twice per day, twice per week from February to April ( 1100 hr and 1500 hr in total) 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Chavdoula ED et al. 2010 無脊椎動物, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R ovarian cell death/DNA fragmentation, reproductive capacity of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> 900 MHz - continuous for 6 min./day on 6 days 移動体通信システム, デジタル携帯電話, GSM
Panagopoulos DJ et al. 2010 無脊椎動物, <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i>/Oregon-R ovarian cell death/DNA fragmentation, reproductive capacity of <i>Drosophila melanogaster</i> 900 MHz 0.89 W/kg continuous for 6 min/day on 6 days 携帯電話, 携帯電話基地局, GSM, 移動体通信システム