研究状況の概観

Experimental studies on mobile communications

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Authors Year Exposed system Endpoints Frequency range SAR Exposure duration Parameters
Ozorak A et al. 2013 動物, rat/Wistar albino (<i>in utero</i> and young animals), 全身 oxidative stress (kidney and testis) and level of trace elements (kidney) 900 MHz 0.18–1.2 W/kg 60 min/day (5 days/week) during gestation and up to 6 weeks following delivery 携帯電話, 移動体通信システム, W-LAN/WiFi, 2.45 GHz
Koca O et al. 2013 動物, rat/Wistar albino, 全身 histopathologic changes in the kidney 1,800 MHz 1.52 W/kg 8 h/day speech mode, 16 h/day standby mode for 20 days 携帯電話, 移動体通信システム, CW 連続波
Kowalczuk C et al. 2010 無傷細胞/細胞培養, 組織片, cell suspensions, IMR 32 (human neuroblastoma cells), G361 (human melanoma cells), HF-19 (human fibroblasts), N2a (murine neuroblastoma cells; differentiated and non-differentiated); CHO (Chinese hamster ovary) cells demodulation ability of living cells and tissues (second harmonic generation) 880–890 MHz 2.5–10.6 mW/g < 10 minutes (typically, a second harmonic test took around 2-3 min.) 携帯電話, 移動体通信システム, RF電磁界, CW 連続波
Bartsch H et al. 2010 動物, rat/Sprague-Dawley, 全身 health and survival (mortality) 900 MHz 38–80 mW/kg continuous (except times for feeding, cleaning, health inspection, etc.): 24 months (exp. I), 17 (exp. II), 36 (exp. III), and 37 (exp. IV) months 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Sharma VP et al. 2010 植物, mung bean (<i>Vigna radiata</i>)/Wilczek cv. ML-5 effects on plants: germination and growth 900 MHz - continuous for 0.5 h, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Sharma VP et al. 2009 植物, mung bean effects on plants: root growth and oxidative stress 900 MHz - continuous for 0.5 h, 1 h, 2 hr, 4 hr 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Singh HP et al. 2012 植物, mung bean (<i>Vigna radiata</i>)/Wilczek, hypocotyls effects on plants: root growth (rhizogenesis) and oxidative stress 900 MHz - continuous for 0.5, 1, 2 h 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム
Fasseas MK et al. 2015 無脊椎動物, nematode (<i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i>)/N2 (wild type), DR1572, DR26, TK22, CL4176, NL5901, RB864, CL2070 (<i>hsp-16.2</i>), CF1553 (<i>sod-3</i>), SJ4005 (<i>hsp-4</i>), LG333 (<i>skn-1</i>), LD1171 (<i>gcs-1</i>) and CL2166 (<i>gst-4</i>) effects on fertility, neurodegeneration, short-term memory, chemotaxis, stress, apoptosis, life span and growth of <i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i> 1,780–1,800 MHz - continuous for 0.5, 1, 3, 6 or 24 h 携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム, PW パルス波, DECT, W-LAN/WiFi
Mady MM et al. 2012 artifical biological membranes in aqueous solutions (phospholipids; dipalmitoylphosphatidycholine (DPPC)) structural and functional properties of liposomes 950 MHz - continuous for 1 and 2 hours 携帯電話, 移動体通信システム, RF電磁界, マイクロ波
Nittby H et al. 2012 無脊椎動物, large garden snail (<i>Helix pomatia</i>) pain (nociception) 1,900 MHz 48 mW/kg continuous for 1 h デジタル携帯電話, GSM, 移動体通信システム, therapeutic/medical device