Risk factors for pediatric tumors of the central nervous system: results from a German population-based case-control study.
Published in: Med Pediatr Oncol 2001; 36 (2): 274-282
Aim of study (acc. to author)
Endpoint/type of risk estimation
Type of risk estimation:
(odds ratio (OR))
Reference group 1
exposure to residential magnetic fields, median of 24h-measurement: < 0.2 µT
exposure to residential magnetic fields, median of 24h-measurement: ≥ 0.2 µT
Reference group 3
exposure to residential magnetic fields, median during night: < 0.2 µT
exposure to residential magnetic fields, median during night: ≥ 0.2 µT
Reference group 5
maternal use of electric blankets during pregnancy: no
maternal use of electric blankets during pregnancy: yes
July 1988 - June 1993 in Lower Saxony, October 1992 - September 1994 in West-Germany
Germany (former Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany))
Statistical analysis method:
conditional logistic regression
degree of urbanization
Conclusion (acc. to author)
Crespi CM et al.
Childhood leukemia risk in the California Power Line Study: Magnetic fields versus distance from power lines.
Kheifets L et al.
Residential magnetic fields exposure and childhood leukemia: a population-based case-control study in California.
Crespi CM et al.
Childhood leukaemia and distance from power lines in California: a population-based case-control study.
Pedersen C et al.
Residential exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields and risk of childhood leukaemia, CNS tumour and lymphoma in Denmark.
Saito T et al.
Power-frequency magnetic fields and childhood brain tumors: a case-control study in Japan.
Malagoli C et al.
Risk of hematological malignancies associated with magnetic fields exposure from power lines: a case-control study in two municipalities of northern Italy.
Kheifets L et al.
A Pooled Analysis of Extremely Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields and Childhood Brain Tumors.
Mezei G et al.
Residential Magnetic Field Exposure and Childhood Brain Cancer: A Meta-Analysis.
Kabuto M et al.
Childhood leukemia and magnetic fields in Japan: a case-control study of childhood leukemia and residential power-frequency magnetic fields in Japan.
Electric and magnetic field exposure and brain cancer: a review.
UK Childhood Cancer Study Investigators
Exposure to power-frequency magnetic fields and the risk of childhood cancer.
Kheifets LI et al.
Childhood brain tumors and residential electromagnetic fields (EMF).
Tynes T et al.
Electromagnetic Fields and Cancer in Children Residing Near Norwegian High-Voltage Power Lines.
Preston-Martin S et al.
Los Angeles study of residential magnetic fields and childhood brain tumors.
Meinert R et al.
Meta-analyses of studies on the association between electromagnetic fields and childhood cancer.
Gurney JG et al.
Childhood brain tumor occurrence in relation to residential power line configurations, electric heating sources, and electric appliance use.
Washburn EP et al.
Residential proximity to electricity transmission and distribution equipment and risk of childhood leukemia, childhood lymphoma, and childhood nervous system tumors: systematic review, evaluation, and meta-analysis.
Verkasalo PK et al.
Risk of cancer in Finnish children living close to power lines.
Olsen J et al.
Residence near high voltage facilities and risk of cancer in children.
Feychting M et al.
Magnetic fields and cancer in children residing near Swedish high-voltage power lines.
Savitz DA et al.
Case-control study of childhood cancer and exposure to 60-Hz magnetic fields.
50-Hz electromagnetic environment and the incidence of childhood tumors in Stockholm County.