Study type: Epidemiological study (observational study)

Use of cellular or cordless telephones and the risk for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. epidem.

Published in: Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2005; 78 (8): 625-632

Aim of study (acc. to author)

The population-based case-control study on the use of cellular or cordless telephones and the risk for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was conducted in Sweden.

Further details

Subjects who started their use of a mobile or cordless phone within one year prior diagnosis were classified as unexposed.

Endpoint/type of risk estimation

Type of risk estimation: (odds ratio (OR))

Exposure

Assessment

Exposure groups

Group Description
Reference group 1 unexposed
Group 2 analogue 450 MHz, > 1 year latency period
Group 3 analogue 450 MHz, > 5 year latency period
Group 4 analogue 450 MHz, > 10 year latency period
Group 5 analogue 900 MHz, > 1 year latency period
Group 6 analogue 900 MHz, > 5 year latency period
Group 7 analogue 900 MHz, > 10 year latency period
Group 8 all ≤ 198 h, > 1 year latency period
Group 9 all ≤ 198 h, > 5 year latency period
Group 10 all ≤ 198 h, > 10 year latency period
Group 11 all > 198 h, > 1 year latency period
Group 12 all > 198 h, > 5 year latency period
Group 13 all > 198 h, > 10 year latency period
Group 14 digital > 1 year latency period
Group 15 digital > 5 year latency period
Group 16 digital > 10 year latency period
Group 17 digital ≤ 91 h, > 1 year latency period
Group 18 digital ≤ 91 h, > 5 year latency period
Group 19 digital ≤ 91 h, > 10 year latency period
Group 20 digital > 91 h, > 1 year latency period
Group 21 digital > 91 h, > 5 year latency period
Group 22 digital > 91 h, > 10 year latency period
Group 23 cordless > 1 year latency period
Group 24 cordless > 5 year latency period
Group 25 cordless > 10 year latency period
Group 26 cordless ≤ 243 h, > 1 year latency period
Group 27 cordless ≤ 243 h, > 5 year latency period
Group 28 cordless ≤ 243 h, > 10 year latency period
Group 29 cordless > 243 h, > 1 year latency period
Group 30 cordless > 243 h, > 5 year latency period
Group 31 cordless > 243 h, > 10 year latency period

Population

Case group

Control group

Study size

Cases Controls
Eligible 995 -
Participants 910 1,016
Participation rate 91 % 92 %
Other:

819 cases with B-cell NHL, 53 with T-cell NHL, 30 unspecified

Statistical analysis method: (adjustment: )

Conclusion (acc. to author)

No increased risk for B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with the use of cellular or cordless telephones was found. The results indicated an association for T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and the use of cellular or cordless phones.

Limitations (acc. to author)

The results for T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were based on low numbers and should be interpreted with caution.

Study funded by

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