Study type: Epidemiological study (observational study)

Growth assessment of children exposed to low frequency electromagnetic fields at the Abu Sultan area in Ismailia (Egypt). epidem.

Published in: Anthropol Anz 2006; 64 (2): 211-226

Aim of study (acc. to author)

The growth patterns of children exposed to low frequency electromagnetic fields emerging from high voltage power lines was assessed in a study in Egypt.

Further details

780 children were divided in two groups living 50 m or less and more than 50 m from high voltage power lines and further subdivided in groups of same age and sex. The anthropometric measurements included head, chest and mid-upper arm circumferences, triceps skin fold thickness, weight, and height. Body mass index, arm muscle area, and arm fat area were calculated. X-ray was carried out to evaluate the carpal bone ossification of 200 children.

Endpoint/type of risk estimation

Type of risk estimation:

Exposure

Assessment

Exposure groups

Group Description
Reference group 1 children living in El-Sheikh Zayed area > 50 m from power lines
Group 2 children living in Abu Sultan area ≤ 50 m from power lines

Population

Study size

Type Value
Total 780
Statistical analysis method:

Conclusion (acc. to author)

Weight at birth, height and chest circumference were reduced in neonates of the Abu-Sultan area compared to neonates of the El-Sheikh Zayed. Boys and girls of the Abu-Sultan area were shorter and had lesser head and chest circumferences than children of the other group. No significant differences were observed between the two groups in all sex and age subgroups as regards body mass index, mid-upper arm circumference, triceps fold thickness, arm muscle area, and arm fat area.

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