Study type: Medical/biological study (observational study)

Dirty electricity, chronic stress, neurotransmitters and disease med./bio.

Published in: Electromagn Biol Med 2013; 32 (4): 500-507

Aim of study (acc. to editor)

To study urinary dopamine and phenylethylamine in 7 volunteers (6 female, 1 man) of a public library before an dafter reducing the exposure to "dirty electricity".

Background/further details

According to the authors, "dirty electricity" is high-frequency voltage transients riding along the 50 or 60 Hz electricity provided by the electric utilities. It is generated by arcing, by sparking and by any device that interrupts current flow, especially switching power supplies.
Urine samples were taken a few days before and after the cleanup (reducing exposure by installation of filters), and every 2 weeks for the next 18 weeks.



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1:
  • unspecified
"dirty electricity"

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
  • unspecified
Additional info "dirty electricity"
Exposure setup
Exposure source
  • not specified
Setup exposure was reduced by installing plug-in capacitive filters

No parameters are specified for this exposure.

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Investigated organ system:
Time of investigation:
  • before exposure
  • during exposure
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

Before "cleanup", the urinary dopamine level of only 1 of 7 volunteers was within normal levels, while 4 of 7 phenylethylamine levels were normal. After an initial decline, over the next 18 weeks the dopamine levels gradually increased to levels above normal lab levels. Average phenylethylamine levels also rose gradually to levels above normal lab levels.
Neurotransmitters may be biomarkers for "dirty electricity" and electromagnetic field exposures. The authors believe that "dirty electricity" is a chronic stressor of electrified populations and is responsible for many diseases.

Study character:

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