dentate gyrus

  • gyrus dentatus
German: Gyrus dentatus

Anatomy. Part of the hippocampus composed of three layers of neurons: molecular, granular, and polymorphic. The middle layer is most prominent and contains granule cells which project to interneurons and pyramidal cells and are the principal excitatory neurons of the dentate gyrus. Dentate gyrus is one of the few brain structures having high rates of neurogenesis in adult humans.

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