sperm capacitation

German: Spermien-Kapazitation
Japanese: 精子受精能獲得

Physiology. The physiological and biochemical processes by which spermatozoa become capable of oocyte fertilization. It requires exposing the sperm to the female genital tract for a period of time. Metabolic activity and sperm motility are increased and the glycoprotein coat from the surface of the sperm's acrosome is removed. Thus the acrosome reaction can occur before fertilization of the oocyte can take place.

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