hybrid vehicle

  • hybrid electrical vehicle
German: Hybrid-Fahrzeug
Japanese: ハイブリッド自動車

Electrical engineering. A motor vehicle that is driven by a combustion engine and at least one electric motor; the necessary energy is obtained from a fuel tank and an electrochemical storage. Depending on the system structure, a distinction between serial and parallel hybrid is feasible: If the combustion engine only drives the electric generator, the propulsion is called serial; if both electric motor and combustion engine affect the drive train, the propulsion is parallel. Additionally, a distinction between mild and full hybrid vehicles can be made depending on the contribution of the electric propulsion to the total power.

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