Cellular phones: are they detrimental?
Published in: J Egypt Public Health Assoc 2004; 79 (3-4): 197-223
Aim of study (acc. to author)
Endpoint/type of risk estimation
mobile phone use: no
mobile phone use: yes
teaching staff, students, and literate employees
Egypt (5 faculties of Alexandria University)
past history of chronic headache, migraine, hypertension, ear or skin diseases in the face
Statistical analysis method:
Conclusion (acc. to author)
193 out of 267 participants (72.3 %) used a
mobile phone. 140 of the mobile phone users (72.5 %) reported adverse health symptoms. The main symptoms were headache (43 %), earache (38.3 %), sense of fatigue (31.6 %), sleep disturbance (29.5 %), concentration difficulty (28.5 %) and face burning sensation (19.2 %). The authors recommended to restrict the call duration to four minutes and to make less than seven calls/day with total duration of exposure less than 22 min/day.
Study funded by
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