Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

Thermophysiological responses of human volunteers during controlled whole-body radio frequency exposure at 450 MHz med./bio.

Published in: Bioelectromagnetics 1998; 19 (4): 232-245

Aim of study (acc. to author)

To study thermoregulatory responses of heat production and heat loss in seven volunteers during exposure to 450 MHz continuous wave radiofrequency fields.

Background/further details

Two power densities were tested at each of three ambient temperatures (24, 28, and 31°C).



Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 450 MHz
Modulation type: CW
Exposure duration: continuous for 45 min

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 450 MHz
Exposure duration continuous for 45 min
Modulation type CW
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Distance between exposed object and exposure source 102 cm
Chamber The anechoic chamber was 2.44 x 2.44 x 3.05 m. A small climate-conditioned cubicle was created by a 5-cm thick Styrofoam partition. The dipole antenna was mounted in a 90° aluminium corner reflector.
Setup Subjects wearing a bathing suit sat in a light plastic chair with their back towards the antenna. The electric field vector of the incident plane wave was aligned with the long axis of the subject's body (E-polarization).
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Additional info After 30 min of equilibration to the prevailing temperature (24, 28, or 31 °C), the subjects were exposed or sham exposed for 45 min.
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
power density 18 mW/cm² maximum measured - -
SAR 6 W/kg maximum measured - at the surface
power density 24 mW/cm² maximum measured - -
SAR 7.68 W/kg maximum measured - at the surface

Reference articles

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Investigated organ system:
Time of investigation:
  • during exposure
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

No changes in metabolic heat production occurred under any irradiation conditions. Vigorous increases in sweating rate on back and chest, directly related to both ambient temperature and power densities, cooled the skin and ensured efficient regulation of the deep body temperature to within 0.1°C of the normal level.

Study character:

Study funded by

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