Study type: Medical/biological study (experimental study)

NADPH oxidase-produced superoxide mediated a 50-Hz magnetic field-induced epidermal growth factor receptor clustering. med./bio.

Published in: Int J Radiat Biol 2016; 92 (10): 596-602

Aim of study (acc. to author)

The mechanisms of action of 50 Hz magnetic field-induced of epidermal growth factor receptor clustering in human amniotic epithelial cells should be investigated.

Background/further details

In previous studies (Sun et al. 2004, Sun et al. 2008), the authors found that exposure to a magnetic field could induce epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) clustering in cultured cells. These data suggested that EGFR is one of the likely targets of magnetic fields on cell membrane. In a further study, Park et al. (2013) found that clustering might be mediated by reactive oxygen species. However, the source of reactive oxygen species production remained unclear.
Cells were divided into the following groups: exposure to a 0.4 mT magnetic field for 1) 5 minutes, 2) 15 minutes, 3) 30 minutes or 4) 60 minutes and exposure to a magnetic field of 5) 0.1 mT or 6) 0.2 mT for 15 minutes and 7) sham exposure.
Positive control was conducted.

Endpoint

Exposure

Exposure Parameters
Exposure 1: 50 Hz
Exposure duration: continuous for 5, 15, 30 or 60 minutes
Exposure 2: 50 Hz
Exposure duration: continuous for 15 minutes
Exposure 3: 50 Hz
Exposure duration: continuous for 15 minutes

Exposure 1

Main characteristics
Frequency 50 Hz
Type
Waveform
Exposure duration continuous for 5, 15, 30 or 60 minutes
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Chamber two exposure chambers in CO2 incubator (95% humidity and 5% CO2)
Setup each chamber contained a set of square Helmholtz coils (20 cm x 20 cm), which were double-wrapped with two lines of copper wire, and was encased by mu-metal; a fan on the wall ventilated and maintained air and temperature uniformity between chamber and incubator; temperature in the chambers was maintained at 37.0 ± 0.1°C throughout the entire exposure period; cell dishes were put in the center of the coils; the magnetic field was perpendicular to the dishes
Sham exposure A sham exposure was conducted.
Additional info current was fed into the coils with the same direction in the exposure chamber, whereas opposite direction currents were fed into the coils in the sham exposure chamber; difference in temperature between exposure and sham exposure conditions did not exceed 0.1°C
Parameters
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
magnetic flux density 0.4 mT - measured - -

Exposure 2

Main characteristics
Frequency 50 Hz
Type
Waveform
Exposure duration continuous for 15 minutes
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Parameters
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
magnetic flux density 0.1 mT - measured - -

Exposure 3

Main characteristics
Frequency 50 Hz
Type
Waveform
Exposure duration continuous for 15 minutes
Exposure setup
Exposure source
Parameters
Measurand Value Type Method Mass Remarks
magnetic flux density 0.2 mT - measured - -

Reference articles

Exposed system:

Methods Endpoint/measurement parameters/methodology

Investigated system:
Time of investigation:
  • during exposure
  • after exposure

Main outcome of study (acc. to author)

The total reactive oxygen species production was significantly increased in groups 1, 2, 3 and 6 compared to the sham exposure group, with the most distinct increase in group 2 (0.4 mT). Groups 5 and 6 were not regarded in further tests.
Cytoplasmic reactive oxygen species production was significantly increased in groups 1-3 compared to the sham exposure group. To examine the NADPH oxidase as a potential source of reactive oxygen species, these groups were also tested with addition of the NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenylene iodonium. These co-exposed cells showed a significantly reduced cytoplasmic reactive oxygen species production compared to cells exposed to the magnetic field alone, comparable to sham exposure level.
Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production was significantly increased in groups 2 and 3 compared to sham exposed cells, however, treatment with the NADPH oxidase inhibitor had no significant effect.
Confocal microscopy showed EGFR clustering was significantly higher in group 2 compared to the sham exposure group. However, pretreatment with the NADPH oxidase inhibitor completely inhibited MF-induced EGFR clustering.
The authors conclude that the NADPH oxidase might mediate the 50 Hz magnetic field-induced epidermal growth factor receptor clustering in human amniotic epithelial cells via superoxide production.

Study character:

Study funded by

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