Study regarding implants/medical devices
Interference with cardiac pacemakers by cellular telephones.
Published in: N Engl J Med 1997; 336 (21): 1473-1479
No exposure details are available.
Study funded by
Wireless Technology, Inc., USA
Comments on this article
Ismail MM et al.
Third-generation mobile phones (UMTS) do not interfere with permanent implanted pacemakers.
Tandogan I et al.
The effects of mobile phones on pacemaker function.
Trigano A et al.
Reliability of electromagnetic filters of cardiac pacemakers tested by cellular telephone ringing.
Tri JL et al.
Potential for Personal Digital Assistant interference with implantable cardiac devices.
Barbaro V et al.
On the mechanisms of interference between mobile phones and pacemakers: parasitic demodulation of GSM signal by the sensing amplifier.
Hekmat K et al.
[Little Interference of Cellular Phones on Modern Pacemakers].
Elshershari H et al.
Influence of D-net (EUROPEAN GSM-standard) cellular telephones on implanted pacemakers in children.
Trigano AJ et al.
Electromagnetic interference of external pacemakers by walkie-talkies and digital cellular phones: experimental study.
Steffens RA et al.
A comparison of Clinical and Bench Test Results from Pacemaker/Wireless Phone Interference Studies: Does Bench Testing Adequately Predict Clinical Pacemaker Interference?
Schlegel RE et al.
Electromagnetic compatibility study of the in-vitro interaction of wireless phones with cardiac pacemakers.
Sparks PB et al.
The safety of digital mobile cellular telephones with minute ventilation rate adaptive pacemakers.
Nowak B et al.
Is there a risk for interaction between mobile phones and single lead VDD pacemakers?
Barbaro V et al.
Do European GSM mobile cellular phones pose a potential risk to pacemaker patients?