Study type: Epidemiological study (observational study)

The possible role of radiofrequency radiation in the development of uveal melanoma epidem.

Published in: Epidemiology 2001; 12 (1): 7-12

Aim of study (acc. to author)

A case-control study was conducted in Germany to investigate whether occupational radiofrequency radiation is associated with the risk of uveal melanoma.

Endpoint/type of risk estimation

Type of risk estimation: (odds ratio (OR))



Exposure groups

Group Description
Reference group 1 unexposed
Group 2 exposed to walkie-talkies and radio sets
Group 3 possibly exposed to mobile phones
Group 4 probably or certainly exposed to mobile phones
Group 5 exposed to radio sets or mobile phones


Case group

Control group

Study size

Cases Controls
Evaluable 118 475
Statistical analysis method: (adjustment: )

Results (acc. to author)

16 cases and 46 controls were classified as ever been exposed to any kind of radiofrequency irradiation at their jobs for at least six months.
The results showed an elevated risk for exposure to radiofrequency-transmitting sets. No association was found for the risk of uveal melanoma and other occupational sources of electromagnetic radiation such as high-voltage lines, electrical machines, complex electrical environments, video display units or radar units.

Limitations (acc. to author)

The questionnaire contained only few questions about radiofrequency radiation because it was designed for many potential risk factors. The exposure rating left uncertainties.

Study funded by

Related articles