To assess the extent and time course of radiographic changes induced in dog brain after a single 30 min hyperthermia application (at temperatures of 40, 41, 42, 43 and 44°C). A helical coil microwave antenna was used to induce a small focal lesion in the frontal white matter, and the volumes of necrosis and contrast enhancement were measured weekly for 6 weeks using computed tomography.
Modulation type: CW
Exposure duration: 30 min
|Distance between measurement device and exposed object||5 m|
|Distance between exposed object and exposure source||0.0135 m|
|Setup||microwave antenna inserted inside the skull|
|Additional info||CT scans for 0.1s at 130 kVp and exposures of 63mAs.|
No parameters are specified for this exposure.
Heat lesions were characterized by rapid development and resolution and consisted of an area of focal low density surrounded by a ring of contrast enhancement. Histologically, the focus of low density corresponded to regions of tissue necrosis, whereas the ring enhancement showed local reactive changes (including endothelial cell proliferation and infiltration with macrophages).
Tissue necrosis was found at temperatures greater than 43.9 +/- 1.5°C, and volumes of necrosis and ring enhancement were at a maximum 1 week following application. Relative to the contralateral, unheated hemisphere, regional cerebral blood flow in the heated brain appeared to be reduced for the first 3 weeks after application but approached normal by week 4. The mean transit time of blood was increased for weeks 1-3 compared to the untreated hemisphere, and tissue vascularity reached a maximum, 3 weeks after application.
The rapid computed tomography changes together with ultrafast computed tomography and histopathological findings suggest that focal heat lesions in the brain stimulate a significant and rapid vascular response.