Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

509 studies in total
  1. 97 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 60 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 59 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies

Hypersensitivity/well-being/subjective complaints 30 studies in total

Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Hosseinabadi MB et al. 2019 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran stress, depression and anxiety, subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Huang PC et al. 2018 - - - - - mobile communications, mobile phone, mobile phone base station, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, EMF general
Baliatsas C et al. 2015 survey men, women, ≥ 18 years January 2011 - June 2011 Netherlands 23 symptoms such as headache, fatigue, dizziness, memory or concentration problems, skin symptoms, heart palpitations, ear symptoms, neck or shoulder symptoms, back pain, muscular pain, sleep disturbances, electromagnetic hypersensitivity mobile phone base station, GSM, UMTS, mobile communications, DECT, Radio/TV transmitter, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Bolte JF et al. 2014 cross-sectional study men, women, 18–81 years 2009 - 2010 The Netherlands non-specific physical symptoms: pain in the chest, pressure in the chest, tingling in the fingers, pain in abdomen, nausea, shortness of breath, blurred vision, bloated feeling in abdomen, headache, palpitations, excessive perspiration, back pain, neck pain, fainting, painful muscles, dizziness magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, personal
Liu H et al. 2014 cross-sectional study men, women, 22–60 years August - September 2011 China sleep quality and sleep duration mobile phone, mobile communications, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, personal
Monazzam MR et al. 2014 - men not stated Iran sleep quality, health status magnetic field, electrical substation, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Baliatsas C et al. 2014 cross-sectional study men, women, ≥ 18 years January 2011 - June 2011 Netherlands 23 symptoms such as headache, fatigue, dizziness, memory or concentration problems, skin symptoms, heart palpitations, ear symptoms, neck or shoulder symptoms, back pain, muscular pain, abdominal/stomach pain, sleep disturbances, electromagnetic hypersensitivity mobile phone, mobile phone base station, mobile communications, W-LAN/WiFi, 50/60 Hz, other domestic appliance, residential, personal, also other exposures without EMF
van Dongen D et al. 2014 cross-sectional study men, women, 18–87 years - Netherlands self-reported non-specific symptoms (e.g., headache, fatigue, back pain, nausea, dizziness, tingling, palpitation), risk perception of EMF in general and of different EMF sources, attribution of symptoms to possible causes, including EMF mobile phone, mobile phone base station, GSM, UMTS, mobile communications, DECT, microw. oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Hagström M et al. 2013 survey men, women, 27–98 years July 2011 - January 2012 Finland 68 different symptoms, e.g. stress, sleep disorder, fatigue, concentration problems, memory problems, anxiety, muscle tension, skin problems, heart complaints mobile phone, mobile phone base station, GSM, mobile communications, microw. oven/heating device, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, EMF general, residential, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Barsam T et al. 2012 case-control study men, 24–57 years not stated Iran sleep quality electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Kato Y et al. 2012 survey men, women, 19–81 years June - October 2009 Japan sleep disturbances, 43 symptoms, e.g. headache, fatigue, concentration difficulties, dizziness, stiff nack or back, irritation, anxiety, skin problems mobile communications, digital mobile phone, mobile phone base station, PHS, cordless phone, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, induction cooker, other domestic appliance, MRI, residential, personal, therapeutic/medical device
Tseng MMC et al. 2011 cross-sectional study men, ≥ 18 years August 2007 Taiwan electromagnetic hypersensitivity mobile communications, mobile phone, mobile phone base station, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, EMF general
Johansson A et al. 2010 cross-sectional study men, women December 2005 - April 2006 Sweden sleep disturbances, dizziness, discomfort, concentration, memory loss, fatigue, headaches, warmth behind/around ear, warmth on ear, burning skin, tingling/tightness, tinnitus, numbness, anxiety, depression, somatization, exhaustion and stress mobile phone, mobile communications, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, personal
Schreier N et al. 2006 cross-sectional study men, women, ≥ 14 years May - July 2004 Switzerland sleep disorders, headache, concentration difficulties, nervousness, rheumatism/muscle pain, respiratory problems, dizziness mobile communications, digital mobile phone, mobile phone base station, cordless phone, Radio/TV transmitter, microw. oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, residential, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Schüz J et al. 2006 survey men, women October 2003 - March 2005 Germany headache, tiredness, concentration difficulties, increased heart beat, vertigo, impaired vision, loss of appetite, anxiety, and other symptoms, self-classified hypersensitivity, sleep disturbances mobile communications, analog mobile phone, digital mobile phone, mobile phone base station, cordless phone, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, 16 2/3 Hz (train), other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Stenberg B et al. 2002 survey men, women 1980 - 1998 Sweden facial skin symptoms, general symptoms (e.g., fatigue), neurological symptoms (e.g., dizziness), cognitive symptoms (e.g., memory loss) electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational
Li CY et al. 2002 cross-sectional study women, 20–59 years 1995 - 1996 Taiwan sleep disturbances magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Hillert L et al. 2002 cross-sectional study men, women, 19–80 years 1997 Sweden hypersensitivity to electric or magnetic fields (facial skin problems, eye irritation, runny or stuffy nose, impaired sense of smell, hoarse or dry throat, coughing, sense of pressure in the ear, fatigue, sense of heaviness in head, headache, nausea or dizziness, difficulties to concentrate) electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Prasad SK et al. 2001 survey men, 25–45 years not stated India fertility, eye irritation, general health status magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, high volt./current device/welder, occupational
Bergdahl J 1995 case-control study men, women, 30–56 years not stated Sweden electromagnetic hypersensitivity, psychological characteristics electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Sandström M et al. 1995 case-control study men, women October - December 1988 Sweden skin symptoms: itching, stinging, tight or burning sensation on facial skin, dry and/or flushed facial skin electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational
Stenberg B et al. 1995 case-control study men, women, 21–59 years January - April 1989 Sweden facial skin symptoms electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
McMahan S et al. 1995 survey women, 20–80 years 1992 USA headache, migraine, poor appetite, difficulty in concentration, getting going, sleep disturbances, worry about power lines magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Goldoni J et al. 1992 cross-sectional study men, women, 19–35 years not stated Croatia eye, muscular/skeletal, and psychological problems magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational
Liden S et al. 1991 - men, women - Sweden skin problems e.g. rosacea, atopic dermatitis, acne magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor