Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

509 studies in total
  1. 97 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 60 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 59 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Khan MW et al. 2021 cohort study men, women, ≥ 18 years 1967 - 2016 Finland any hematological neoplasms, all types of leukemia, lymphoid leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, myeloid leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, Lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, multiple myeloma, glioma and meningioma magnetic field, low frequency, electrical substation, 50/60 Hz, residential
Huss A et al. 2018 cohort study men, women, 30–65 years 1990 - 2008 Switzerland leukemia and lymphoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Zhang Y et al. 2016 meta-analysis men, women, children 1960 - 2009 USA, Canada, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, France, Italy, Germany, UK, Japan, China, New Zealand, Brazil, Iran leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, other cancer, childhood leukemia, childhood brain/CNS tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz
Talibov M et al. 2015 case-control study men, women, ≥ 20 years 1961 - 2005 Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden acute myeloid leukemia magnetic field, touch current, 50/60 Hz, occupational, electric injuries/electrocution
Sorahan T 2014 cohort study men, women 1973 - 2010 UK chronic myeloid leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, chronic lymphatic leukemia, acute lymphatic leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Koeman T et al. 2014 cohort study men, women, 55–69 years 1986 - 2003 the Netherlands Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, diffuse B-cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, multiple myeloma, leukemia, myeloid leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, brain tumor, breast cancer, lung cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Elliott P et al. 2013 case-control study men, women, 15–74 years 1974 - 2008 UK leukemia, brain tumor and central nervous system cancer, female breast cancer, malignant melanoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Sorahan T 2012 cohort study men, women 1973 - 2008 UK leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, mesothelioma, lung cancer, skin cancer (nonmelanoma), melanoma, prostate cancer, small intestine, nasal cancer and other cancer types, all cancer static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Rodriguez-Garcia JA et al. 2012 cross-sectional study men, women January 2000 - December 2005 Spain acute leukemia (acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Marcilio I et al. 2011 case-control study men, women, ≥ 40 years 2001 - 2005 Brazil leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Stein Y et al. 2011 - men, women, 18–69 years not stated Israel leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, testicular cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, bone cancer, malignant melanoma, lung cancer and other cancer types RF field, Radio/TV transmitter, radar, wireless transmitter, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, PC/TV monitor, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Fazzo L et al. 2009 cohort study men, women 1954 - 2003, follow-up January 1998 - December 2003 Italy leukemia and lymphoma, primary malignant neoplasms, neoplasms of the digestive organs, pancreas, thyroid gland, secondary and unspecified neoplasms, benign neoplasms, neurodegenerative diseases, ischaemic heart diseases, complications of pregnancy, perinatal diseases, disorders of thyroid gland magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Kaufman DW et al. 2009 case-control study men, women, ≥ 18 years April 1997 - February 2003 Thailand acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) mobile communications, GSM, microwaves, cordless phone, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, occupational, residential, personal, also other exposures without EMF
Kheifets L et al. 2008 meta-analysis men, women 1950 - 1997 USA, Canada, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Switzerland, France, Italy, UK, China, New Zealand, Australia leukemia, brain tumor RF field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Lowenthal RM et al. 2007 case-control study men, women, 0–94 years 1972 - 1980 Australia Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, multiple myeloma, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, Hodgkin lymphoma, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, chronic myeloproliferative disorders, acute myeloid leukaemia, chronic myeloid leukaemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Johansen C et al. 2007 cohort study men, women 1968 - 2002 Denmark leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Karipidis K et al. 2007 case-control study men 2000 - 2001 Australia non-Hodgkin lymphoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Mester B et al. 2006 case-control study men, women, 18–80 years not stated Germany malignant lymphoma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Nichols L et al. 2005 cohort study men, women 1973 - 2002 UK leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, female breast cancer and male breast cancer, oesophagus cancer, stomach cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer and other cancer types, all cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, suicide and depression, other diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Band PR et al. 2004 case-control study men, ≥ 20 years 1983 - 1990 Canada non-Hodgkin lymphoma RF field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Tynes T et al. 2003 - - - - - magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, low frequency, power transmission line, occupational, residential
Willett EV et al. 2003 case-control study men, women, 16–69 years 1991 - 1996 UK acute leukemia RF field, Radio/TV transmitter, radar, wireless transmitter, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Li CY et al. 2003 case-control study men, women, ≥ 15 years 1987 - 1992 Taiwan leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Oppenheimer M et al. 2002 case-control study men, women, 30–69 years 1987 - 1994 USA acute myelogenous leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electric blanket, other domestic appliance, occupational, personal
Guenel P et al. 2002 case-control study men 1978 - 1989 France leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Hakansson N et al. 2002 cohort study men, women 1985 - 1994 Sweden leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, cancer of the kidney, pituitary gland, liver, corpus uteri, colon and connective tissue/muscle, all cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, high volt./current device/welder, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2001 cohort study men 1950 - 1986 USA leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, lung cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer, bladder cancer, melanoma, all cancer, cardiovascular diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Bjork J et al. 2001 case-control study men, women 1976 - 1993 Sweden Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukaemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Bethwaite P et al. 2001 case-control study men, 20–75 years 1989 - 1991 New Zealand acute leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Harrington JM et al. 2001 cohort study men, women 1973 - 1997 UK leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Savitz DA et al. 2000 case-control study men 1950 - 1986 USA leukemia, brain tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Villeneuve PJ et al. 2000 case-control study men 1970 - 1988 Canada leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Ballard T et al. 2000 meta-analysis men, women 1950 - 1992 Canada, USA, Finland, UK, Japan leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer and other cancer types, all cancer RF field, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Villeneuve PJ et al. 2000 case-control study men 1970 - 1988 Canada Non-Hodgkin lymphoma electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Floderus B et al. 1999 cohort study men, women, ≥ 20 years 1971 - 1984 Sweden leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, male breast cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, rectum cancer, pancreas cancer, lung cancer, uterus cancer, melanoma, and other cancer types, all cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Kheifets LI et al. 1999 pooled analysis men, women 1950 - 1989 USA, Canada, France, UK leukemia, brain tumor, all cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Ronneberg A et al. 1999 cohort study men 1953 - 1993 Norway leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, stomach cancer, colon cancer, rectum cancer, pancreas cancer, lung cancer, melanoma and other cancer types, all cancer magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Johansen C et al. 1998 cohort study men, women 1968 - 1993 Denmark leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, female breast cancer and male breast cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, melanoma, and other cancer types, all cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Loomis A et al. 1998 cohort study men 1950 - 1988 USA leukemia, brain tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Theriault G et al. 1997 meta-analysis men, women, children - - leukemia, childhood leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Li CY et al. 1997 case-control study men, women, ≥ 15 years 1987 - 1992 Taiwan leukemia, brain tumor, breast cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Feychting M et al. 1997 case-control study men, women 1960 - 1985 Sweden leukemia, central nervous system tumor magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational, residential
Kheifets LI et al. 1997 case-control study men, 20–64 years 1972 - 1990 USA leukemia electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Schroeder JC et al. 1997 cohort study men 1950 - 1986 USA non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Hodgkin disease and multiple myeloma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Kheifets LI et al. 1997 meta-analysis men 1950 - 1988 USA, New Zealand, Australia, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland, UK, Canada, France leukemia and lymphoma electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Guenel P et al. 1996 case-control study men 1978 - 1989 France leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, other cancer electric field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Verkasalo PK et al. 1996 cohort study men, women, ≥ 20 years 1970 - 1989 Finland leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, rectum cancer, pancreas cancer, uterus cancer, prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer and other cancer types, all cancer magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Miller AB et al. 1996 case-control study men 1973 - 1988 Canada acute nonlymphoid leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, and chronic lymphoid leukemia, brain tumor, other cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Verkasalo PK 1996 case-control study men, women 1974 - 1990 Finland leukemia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Fear NT et al. 1996 cohort study men, women 1981 - 1987 England leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, female breast cancer and male breast cancer, cancer of colon, liver and other types of cancer, all cancer electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational