Study overviews

Epidemiological studies on power frequency fields (50/60 Hz)

511 studies in total
  1. 98 studies
  2. 82 studies
  3. 79 studies
  4. 78 studies
  5. 64 studies
  6. 61 studies
  7. 60 studies
  8. 60 studies
  9. 59 studies
  10. 30 studies
Authors Year Study type Study group Observation period Study location Endpoints Parameters
Perry S et al. 1988 - - - - - magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, inhouse wiring, residential
Li DK et al. 2011 cohort study, prospective cohort study children in utero, 0–13 years 1996 - August 2010 USA asthma magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Li DK et al. 2012 cohort study children in utero, 0–13 years 1996 - August 2010 USA childhood obesity magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, residential, personal
Fadel RA et al. 2006 cross-sectional study children, 0–12 years not stated Egypt growth, carpal bone ossification magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Yang Y et al. 2008 - children, 0–14 years May 2006 - August 2007 China DNA repair genes (hMLH1, APEX1, MGMT, XRCC1 and XPD) microw. oven/heating device, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance, residential, also other exposures without EMF
Eckert EE 1976 - children, 0–one year 1961 - 1967 Germany sudden infant death electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, 16 2/3 Hz (train), residential
Ghadamgahi M et al. 2016 cross-sectional study children, 10–12 years 2014 Iran working memory function magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation
Foliart DE et al. 2007 cohort study children, 1–15 years September 1996 - January 2001 USA cytogenetic factors (DNA index, translocation, trisomy, white blood cell count, initial platelet count, mediastinal mass, race) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, residential
Huang J et al. 2013 cross-sectional study children, 9–13 years 2011 China neurobehavioral function electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Li DK et al. 2020 cohort study children, children in utero, 0–20 years 1997 - 2017 USA attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), immun-related comorbidities of asthma or atopic dermatitis magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, intermediate frequency, power transmission line, other domestic appliance, low frequency, personal, residential
Zarei S et al. 2015 case-control study children, children in utero, 3–5 years 2014 Iran speech problems mobile phone, mobile phone base station, mobile communications, cordless phone, W-LAN/WiFi, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, PC/TV monitor, other domestic appliance
Baris D et al. 1990 cohort study men 1970 - 1972, 1979 - 1983 UK suicide and depression electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational
Baroncelli P et al. 1986 cohort study men not stated Italy general medical examination, laboratory tests, and tests of the central nervous system, the cardiovascular system, and the hemopoietic system electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Savitz DA et al. 1999 cohort study men 1950 - 1988 USA arrhythmia, acute myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, chronic/subchronic coronary heart disease magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Broadbent DE et al. 1985 cross-sectional study men not stated UK headache, anxiety, obsessional and somatic symptoms, depression, health status: visits to medical doctor, prescribed and unprescribed medicine electric field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Baris D et al. 1996 cohort study men 1970 - 1988 Canada suicide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Knave B et al. 1979 case-control study men 1974 - 1976 Sweden health status: examination of the nervous system (neurasthenic symptoms, psychological tests, EEG), the cardiovascular system (symptoms, blood pressure, ECG), and the blood (hemoglobin, red blood cells, reticulocytes, white blood cells, thrombocytes, sedimentation rate). electric field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Robinson CF et al. 1999 cohort study men 1982 - 1987 USA mortality electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Baris D et al. 1996 cohort study men 1970 - 1988 Canada mortality PW pulsed wave, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Moen BE et al. 1996 cohort study men 1986 - 1991 Norway musculoskeletal disorders magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, occupational
Savitz DA et al. 1994 cohort study men not stated USA depression electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Moen BE et al. 1995 cohort study men 1986 - 1991 Norway pain and discomfort from the arms, neck, shoulders, back, hips, and legs magnetic field, static magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, DC, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2000 case-control study men 1950 - 1986 USA suicide magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2000 case-control study men 1950 - 1986 USA suicide magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Järvholm B et al. 2002 cohort study men 1971 - 1992 Sweden suicide electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Johansen C et al. 2002 cohort study men 1982 - 2000 Denmark cardiac arrhythmia magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Sahl J et al. 2002 cohort study men 1960 - 1992 USA acute myocardial infarction, chronic coronary heart disease, arrhythmia, atherosclerosis magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
van Wijngaarden E et al. 2001 cohort study men 1950 - 1986 USA leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, lung cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer, bladder cancer, melanoma, all cancer, cardiovascular diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Olin R et al. 1985 cohort study men 1930 - 1979 Sweden malignant melanoma, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational
Zamanian Z et al. 2010 cross-sectional study men 2008 - 2009 Iran mental disorders, anxiety symptoms, depression, social disfunction, somatisation magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Yousefi HA et al. 2004 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran mental disorders (e.g., depression, anxiety, phobia, psychosis) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational
Monazzam MR et al. 2014 - men not stated Iran sleep quality, health status magnetic field, electrical substation, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Hosseinabadi MB et al. 2019 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran stress, depression and anxiety, subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction magnetic field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Bagheri Hosseinabadi M et al. 2020 cross-sectional study men not stated Iran burnout syndrome and depression; oxidative stress markers (SOD, catalase, total antioxidant capacity, malondialdehyde) magnetic field, electric field, low frequency, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Suri S et al. 2020 cross-sectional study men, 20–50 years not stated Iran reproductive hormones: testosterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, low frequency, occupational
Tiwari R et al. 2013 - men, 20–58 years not stated India melatonin level in plasma, oxidative stress parameters: malondialdehyde level in plasma (lipid peroxidation), nitric oxide level in serum, enzyme activities of antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase) in erythrocyte suspension magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, occupational
Wang Z et al. 2016 cross-sectional study men, 22–60 years August 2010 - September 2010 China plasma hormones (testosterone, estradiol and melatonin) and inflammatory pathway biomarkers (NF-kB, HSP70, HSP27 and TET1) mobile phone, mobile communications, electric field, magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, electrical substation, occupational, residential, personal
Prasad SK et al. 2001 survey men, 25–45 years not stated India fertility, eye irritation, general health status magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, high volt./current device/welder, occupational
Kouwenhoven WB et al. 1967 - men, 30–47 years 1962 - 1966 USA health status electric field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational
Singewald ML et al. 1973 - men, 30–56 years 1962 - 1972 USA health status electric field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, occupational
Ahlbom A et al. 2004 case-control study men, 45–70 years 1992 - 1993 Sweden acute myocardial infarction magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational
Verkasalo PK et al. 1997 cohort study men, women 1970 - 1989 Finland depression magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Berg M et al. 1990 cross-sectional study men, women not stated Sweden facial skin complaints (e.g., itching, burning sensations) magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational
Schreiber GH et al. 1993 cohort study men, women 1961 - 1987 Netherlands leukemia and lymphoma, brain tumor, breast cancer, stomach cancer, rectum cancer, lung cancer ande other cancer types, all cancer, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, residential
McDowall ME 1986 cross-sectional study men, women 1971 - 1983 UK mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, electrical substation, residential
Perry S et al. 1989 case-control study men, women 1985 UK myocardial infarction, depressive illness magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Beale IL et al. 2001 cross-sectional study men, women not stated New Zealand health problems magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, power transmission line, residential
Fritschi L et al. 2004 cohort study men, women 1988 - 1999 Australia mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Mezei G et al. 2005 case-control study men, women 1986 - 1993 USA mortality magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, occupational, also other exposures without EMF
Carlsson F et al. 2005 survey men, women November 1999- April 2000 Sweden attribution of annoyance to electrical devices, chemicals and smells magnetic field, 50/60 Hz, PC/TV monitor, occupational, personal, also other exposures without EMF